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2009 | 08 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Potential reduction in cucumber yield [Cucumis sativus L.] in Poland caused by unfavourable thermal conditions of soil

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
PL
Potencjalne zmniejszenie plonu ogórka [Cucumis sativus L.] na terenie Polski powodowane przez niekorzystne warunki termiczne gleby
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of the work was to evaluate the risk of cultivation of cucumber pickling cultivars in Poland caused by unfavourable thermal conditions of soil. To achieve the goal of the work used starting data collected from 28 experimental stations of the Research Centre for Cultivar Testing (COBORU) and 47 meteorological stations of the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management (IMGW) in 1966–2005 were used. Curvilinear regression analysis was used to determine the relation between the total and marketable yield of cucumber and soil temperature at the depth of 5 cm in the period of sowing-the end of harvesting. Potential, at least of 5%, reduction in the total yield of cucumber occurred when average soil temperature at the depth of 5 cm in the period from sowing to the end of harvesting amounted to ≤17.9°C and of the marketable yield ≤17.3°C. The highest reduction in yield, occurring in south-west and south-east part of Poland. The reduction was from 15 up to over 18% in the case of the total yield and from 12 up to 15% in the case of the marketable yield. On average, it occurred respectively every 1.5–2 years and 2.5–3 years. Taking into account the data from the whole country area in 1966–2005, a considerable increase appeored by 0.2°C/10 years in soil temperature in the period from sowing to the end of harvesting. The highest increase by 0.4°C/10 years was recorded in southern and central Poland and in the western part of the Masurian Lakeland where a risk of cucumber cultivation caused by too low soil temperature will probably in the incoming years undergo the quickest reduction.
PL
Celem pracy była ocena ryzyka uprawy konserwowych odmian ogórka na obszarze Polski powodowanego przez niekorzystne warunki termiczne gleby. Do realizacji tego celu wykorzystano dane wyjściowe zebrane z 28 stacji doświadczalnych COBORU i 47 stacji meteorologicznych IMGW w latach 1966–2005. Do określenia zależności między plonem ogólnym i handlowym ogórka a temperaturą gleby na głębokości 5 cm w okresie siew-koniec zbioru zastosowano analizę regresji krzywoliniowej. Potencjalne, co najmniej 5%, zmniejszenie plonu ogólnego ogórka następowało, gdy średnia temperatura gleby na głębokości 5 cm w okresie od siewu do końca zbioru wynosiła ≤17,9°C, a handlowego – ≤17,3°C. Największe zmniejszenie plonu, występujące na południowym-zachodzie i południowym-wschodzie, wynosiło od 15 do ponad 18% w przypadku plonu ogólnego i od 12 do ponad 15% w przypadku plonu handlowego, występowało ono przeciętnie odpowiednio co 1,5–2 lata i 2,5–3 lata. W skali całego kraju, w latach 1966–2005, udowodniono istotny wzrost, o 0,2°C/10 lat, temperatury gleby w okresie siew-koniec zbioru, przy czym największy, o 0,4°C/10 lat, stwierdzono w południowej i środkowej Polsce oraz w zachodniej części Pojezierza Mazurskiego, gdzie ryzyko uprawy ogórka powodowane zbyt niską temperaturą gleby prawdopodobnie w najbliższych latach będzie najszybciej ulegać zmniejszeniu.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
08
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.45-58,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
  • Department of Meteorology and Climatology, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Papieza Pawla VI 3, 71-469 Szczecin, Poland
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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