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2019 | 24 |
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Comparative analysis of the mineral elements constituent of Cola millenii K. Schum and Blighia sapida K.D. Koenig

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Limited information on the mineral elements constituent of ackee Blighia sapida K.D. Koenig and Cola millenii K. Schum are responsible for the underutilization of parts of this tree for health benefit purposes in West Africa. This study comparatively investigated the mineral nutrient content of both B. sapida and C. millenii pods. The results of the mineral element composition revealed that ackee (B. sapida) pod is high in Na 1.325%, Ca 0.032%, Mg 0.033%, P 0.017% and K 0.077%, compared to C. millenii with Na 0.663%, Ca 0.019%, Mg 0.013%, P 0.004% and K 0.013%, respectively. We also noted that the pods of B. sapida are rich in Fe 0.135%, when compared to 0.045% of Fe present in C. millenii pods. In contrast, C. milleni pods are rich in Cu 0.086% when compared to B. sapida pods at 0.054%. Also C. milleni pods contain Mn 0.001%, Zn 0.006%, Pd 0.006%, Cr 0.0002% and Cd 0.00002% while B. sapida contains Mn 0.003%, Zn 0.005%, Pd 0.004%, Cr 0.003% and Cd 0.00008%, respectively. These results indicate that ackee pods are good sources of Sodium and Iron, when compared with C. millenii. The results also reveal that the levels of Lead, Chromium and cadmium are very low in both samples, making them safe for human consumption.
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  • Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan, Nigeria
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