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2019 | 78 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Blind mole rat (Spalax leucodon) masseter muscle: structure, homology, diversification and nomenclature

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background: It is well known that rodents are defined by a unique masticatory apparatus. The present study describes the design and structure of the masseter muscle of the blind mole rat (Spalax leucodon). The blind mole rat, which emerged 5.3–3.4 million years ago during the Late Pliocene period, is a subterranean, hypoxia-tolerant and cancer-resistant rodent. Yet, despite these impressive characteristics, no information exists on their masticatory musculature. Materials and methods: Fifteen adult blind mole rats were used in this study. Dissections were performed to investigate the anatomical characteristics of the masseter muscle. Results: The muscle was comprised of three different parts: the superficial masseter, the deep masseter and the zygomaticomandibularis muscle. The superficial masseter originated from the facial fossa at the ventral side of the infraorbital foramen. The deep masseter was separated into anterior and posterior parts. The anterior part of the zygomaticomandibularis muscle arose from the snout and passed through the infraorbital foramen to connect on the mandible. Conclusions: The construction of the deep masseter and zygomaticomandibularis muscles were of the Myomorpha type. Further studies are needed to reveal features such as muscle biomechanics, muscle types. (Folia Morphol 2019; 78, 2: 419–424)
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
78
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.419–424,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras University, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
autor
  • Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras University, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
autor
  • Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aksaray University, Aksaray, Turkey
autor
  • Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
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Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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