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2013 | 22 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Genotoxicity of soil pollutants extracted with different solvents

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy of extraction of genotoxic pollutants from soils performed by means of several solvents. Soil pollutants were extracted in the Soxhlet apparatus. Extract genotoxicity was assessed using the Ames Test. All the examined soils (12) contained genotoxic pollutants. Extraction with hexane allowed detection of pollution genotoxicity in 11 soils, whereas with methanol and dichloromethane in 10 soils each. The other solvents allowed detection of genotoxicity in fewer soil samples. Methanol extract had the highest genotoxicity in the majority of soils (7 out of 12). Results obtained in the present study and literature data allow recommendation of methanol for extraction of genotoxic pollutants from soils. Methanol is more versatile, efficient, common, and less harmful for laboratory workers than dichloromethane and hexane.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
22
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.141-147,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Institute of Environment Protection Engineering, Wrocław University of Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
autor
  • Institute of Environment Protection Engineering, Wrocław University of Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • 7. MORELLI I.S., VECCHIOLI G.I., DEL PANNO M.T., PAINCERA M.T. Effect of petrochemical sludge concentrations on changes in mutagenic activity during soil bioremediation process. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 20, 2179, 2001.
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  • 17. EDENHARDER R., ORTSEIFEN M., KOCH M., WESP H.F. Soil mutagens are airborne mutagens: variation of mutagenic activities induced in Salmonella typhimurium TA 98 and TA 100 by organic extracts of agricultural and forest soils in dependence on location and season. Mutat. Res. 472, 23, 2000.
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  • 21. DONNELLY K.C., THOMAS J.C., BROWN K.W. Mutagenic potential of environmental samples before and after remediation of a solvent-contaminated site. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 14, 281, 1995.
  • 22. BIERKENS J., KLEIN G., CORBISER P., VAN DEN HEUEL R., VERSCHAEVE L., WELTENS R., SCHOETERS G. Comparative sensitivity of 20 bioassays for soil quality. Chemosphere 37, 2935, 1998.
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  • 24. BARBEE G.C., BROWN K.W., THOMAS J.C., DONELLY K.C., MURRAY H.E. Mutagenic activity (Ames Test) of Wood-Preserving waste Sludge applied to Soil. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 57, 54, 1996.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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