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2015 | 63 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

New stand of invasive neophyte Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. and its potential reproduction

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
A new stand, formed by some fifty individuals of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., an invasive plant of alien origin, was discovered at the Katowice railway station (southern Poland), in 2011. Two years later, the stand (increased to more than 160 individuals in the meantime) was re-visited, phytosociological survey was made, and four soil cores (5 cm deep and 80 cm² surface area, each) were taken for seed bank studies. The phytosociological sampling revealed 28 co-occurring vascular species, most of them representing hemicryptophyte and geophyte life forms. According to Ellenberg's values, the species pool indicated sunny (L7 and L8 species dominating) and semi-dry (mainly F4 species) habitat for the common ragweed population, whereas Zarzycki's soil granulometric data reflected coarse-grained soil. Albedo of the soil was lower than that of the vegetation thus sparsely vegetated sites were considered as heat accumulating microhabitats that might support establishment of the thermophilic A. artemisiifolia. During soil seed bank analysis a high number of naturally opened fruits (dehiscent achenes) were found (718.75 per m²) most probably indicating frequent germination in previous years. Greenhouse germination tests proved successful germination of 125 individuals per m², which was considered enough to maintain the A. artemisiifolia stand at the station. The results call attention to a newly discovered, established population with increasing demography of A. artemisiifolia, a highly allergenic introduced weed of Poland.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
63
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.453-459,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Herman O. ut 15., Budapest, H-1022, Hungary
autor
  • Institute of Biology, Lorand Eotvos University, Pazmany P. stny. 1/c, Budapest, H-1117, Hungary
autor
  • Institute of Engineering and Environmental Protection, University of Bielsko-Biala, Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biala, Poland
autor
  • Department of Botany, Corvinus University Budapest, Menesi ut 44., Budapest, H-1118, Hungary
  • Department of Mathematics and Sciences, Apaczai Csere Janos Faculty, University of West Hungary, Liszt F. u. 42., Gyor, H-9022, Hungary
autor
  • Department of Botany, Hungarian Natural History Museum, P.O. Box 222, Budapest, H-1476, Hungary
Bibliografia
  • J.M. Baskin, C.C. Baskin 1977 — Dormancy and germination in seeds of common ragweed with reference to Beal's buried seed experiment — Am. J. Bot. 64: 1174–1176.
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  • E. Roo-Zielińska, J. Solon, M. Degórski 2007 — Ocena stanu i przekształceń środowiska przyrodniczego na podstawie wskaźników geobotanicznych, krajobrazowych i glebowych: podstawy teoretyezne i przykłady zastosowań [Evaluation of natural environment based on geobotanical, landscape and soil indicators] — Instytut Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania im. Stanisława Leszczyckiego PAN, 317 pp. (in Polish).
  • P.E. Rothrock, E.R. Squiers, S. Sheeley 1993 — Heterogeneity and size of a persistent seedbank of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. and Setaria faberi Herrm. — Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 120: 417–422.
  • S.Ya. Reznik 2009 — Common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) in Russia: spread, distribution, abundance, harmfulness and control measures — Ambroisie, 26: 88–97.
  • A. P. Schaffers, K. V. Sýkora 2000 — Reliability of Ellenberg indicator values for moisture, nitrogen and soil reaction: a comparison with field measurements — J. Veg. Sci. 11: 225–244.
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  • K. Thompson, J.P. Bakker, R.M. Bekker 1997 — The soil seed banks of North West Europe: methodology, density and longevity — Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 276 pp.
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  • B. Tokarska-Guzik, K. Bzdega, K. Koszela, I. Żabińska, B. Krzus, M. Sajan, A. Sendek 2011 — Allergenic invasive plant Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. in Poland: threat and selected aspects of biology — Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 21: 39–48.
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  • M. Vitalos, G. Karrer 2008 — Distribution of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. — is birdseed a relevant vector? — J. Plant Dis. Protect., Special Issue, 21: 345–347.
  • K. Zarzycki, H. Trzcińska-Tacik, W. Różański, Z. Szeląg, J. Wołek, U. Korzeniak 2002 — Ecological indicator values of vascular plants of Poland — Biodiversity of Poland, 2.
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-5b7d11d9-b68c-429a-8967-566d6400ef92
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