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2015 | 20 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Phytoindicative evaluation of habitat conditions of soilless formations reclaimed with flotation sludge, sewage sludge and used mineral wool under the influence of the Jeziorko Sulphur Mine

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The floristic observations presented below were carried out in 2011, on 5-acre plots delineated on an area of degraded soil. The soil-reclamation experiment, which began in June 2004, was set up on devastated soilless formation affected by the Jeziórko Sulfur Mine. In the experiment, the impact of different (200, 400, 800 m3 ha-1) doses of mineral wool and sewage sludge on characteristcis of the soilless formation was analyzed. The strongly acidic soilless formation (weak loamy sand) was reclaimed using flotation sludge in a dose of 100 t ha-1 for de-acidification, and various combinations of mineral wool and sewage sludge. The sward sown on plots pretreated as above consisted of a clover reclamation mixture with the following composition: Festuca pratensis – 41.2%, Festuca rubra – 19.2%, Lolium perenne – 14.7%, Lolium multiflorum – 12.4%, Dactylis glomerata – 6.5%, Trifolium pratense – 6%. A phytoindication method was employed to assess the impact of different reclamation methods of soilless formation on shaping the habitat conditions. This assessment took into account the following indicators: soil moisture, trophism, pH, organic matter content, resistance to salinity and to an increased content of heavy metals. The method for soilless formation reclamation was found to produce an effect on the analyzed ecological factors. The most favorable habitat conditions were recorded in soil reclaimed with mineral wool; they were worse in soil reclaimed with mineral wool and treated with NPK, but the worst parameters occurred in soil with the addition of sewage sludge and mineral wool.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
20
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.7-18,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Institute of Soil Science, Environment Engineering and Management, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
autor
  • Institute of Soil Science, Environment Engineering and Management, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
  • Institute of Soil Science, Environment Engineering and Management, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, St.Leszczynskiego 7, 20-069 Lublin, Poland
  • Institute of Soil Science, Environment Engineering and Management, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
autor
  • Institute of Soil Science, Environment Engineering and Management, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
  • Institute of Soil Science, Environment Engineering and Management, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
  • Institute of Soil Science, Environment Engineering and Management, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Baran S., Wójcikowsk a-Kapusta A., Żukowsk a G. 2006. Assessment of usefulness of sewage sludge and mineral wool Grodan in reclamation of devastated soil based on phosphorus, potassium and magnesium available forms content. Rocz. Glebozn., LVII (1/2): 21-31. (in Polish)
  • Baran S, Wójcikowsk a-Kapusta A, Żukowsk a G. 2008. Influence of sewage sludge and mineral wool on the content of humus and lead forms of the reclaimed soil-less formation. Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol., 533: 31-38. (in Polish)
  • Braun-Blanquet J. 1964. Pflanzensozologie, Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde. Springer, Wien – New York, 1- 865.
  • Cabała S., Jarząbek Z.1999. The flora and vegetation of postindustrial dumps in Chorzów. Pt.1 Analysis of the flora. Arch. Ochr. Środ., 25(1): 133-153. (in Polish)
  • Ell enberg H., Weber H.E., Düll R., Wirth V., Werner W., Paulls en D. 1991. Zeigerwete von Pflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Scripta Geobot., 18: 1-248.
  • Gołda T. 2008. Initial soil creating processes taking place in flotation ssludge in result of reclamation cultivation and long-term agriculture use. AGH Kraków, 164: 1-112. (in Polish)
  • Jędrzejko K., Ols zewsk i P. 2006. The analysis of species diversity and ecological specificity of vascular flora on the post-mine sites of the selected liquidated coal-mines in Dąbrowa Basin (GOP). Mining Environ., 3: 43-65. (in Polish)
  • Kalemb asa D., Malinowsk a E. 2009. The yield and content of trace elements in biomass of Miscantus Sacchariflorus (Maxim.) Hack and in soil in the third year of a pot experiment. J. Elementol., 14(4): 685-691.
  • Klimk o M., Czarna A., Bałuka B. 2004. Vascular plants of post-industrial habitats in Wałbrzych city. Acta Bot. Silesiaca, 1: 7-22.
  • Kołodziej B., Słowińsk a-Jurkiewicz A. 2004. Results of soil cover reclamation on the area after Jeziorko sulphur mine. Rocz. Glebozn. LV, (2): 231-237. (in Polish)
  • Krzywy E., Wołoszyk Cz., Iżewsk a A., Krzywy-Gawrońsk a E. 2008. Assessment of chemical composition and fertilizing value of municipal sewage sludge and composts in which they are included. Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol., 533: 239-247. (in Polish)
  • Lecyk V., Brzezińsk a M. 2007. The state of soil cover on the territories of former sulphur mines “Yavoriv” (Ukraine) and “Machów” (Poland) from the standpoint of current research. Acta Agroph., 10(1): 149-157. (in Polish)
  • Motowicka-Terelak T. 1993. Model studies on the mechanism and degradation consequences of soils contaminated with sulfur compounds. II. Further operation on sulphation of clayey soil. Pam. Puł., 102: 15-27. (in Polish)
  • Motowicka-Terelak T., Dudka S. 1991. Chemical degradation of soils contaminated with sulfur and its impact on crop plants. IUNG Puławy, 284: 1-95. (in Polish)
  • Roo-Zielińsk a E. 2004. Phytoindication as a tool in the evaluation of geographical environment. Theoretical bases and compartive analysiss of the methods applied. Pr. Geog., IGiPZ PAN Warszawa, 199: 1-258. (in Polish)
  • Sądej W., Namiotko A. 2010. Content of zinc in plants fertilized with municipal solid waste and urban green waste composts. J. Elementol., 15(4): 679-692.
  • Zarzycki K., Trzcińsk a-Tacik H., Różańsk i W., Szeląg Z., Wołek J., Korzeniak U. 2002. Ecological indicator values of vascular plants of Poland. Szafer Inst. of Botany, PAN, 7-183.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-3112cedd-d651-4c48-8b86-5a1f31fac265
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