Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 23 | 3 |

Tytuł artykułu

Predicing feeding value of forage maize hybrids harvested at different maturities and sites

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



The objective of this study was to evaluate two near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) applications and different laboratory methods for determining indigestible neutral detergent fibre (iNDF) and organic matter digestibility (OMD) of forage maize hybrids harvested at high latitudes. Different in situ and in vitro methods have been used in calibrations of NIRS for routine determinations of forage feed value in the Nordic countries. Swedish and Finnish NIRS calibrations of iNDF generated biased estimates of low precision of iNDF determined in situ. All methods used to predict OMD in forage maize systematically underestimated the observed OMD calculated from the in situ determined value of iNDF. Digestibility was determined with least precision based on the enzymatic in vitro procedure. Values of OMD based on the in vitro incubation in buffered rumen fluid displayed the smallest error among the laboratory methods. The NIRS calibration developed with the forage maize samples of this study, suggested that NIRS has a great potential to predict iNDF and OMD of forage maize accurately and precisely. It was concluded that NIRS predictions of OMD can be a promising tool for evaluating performance of forage maize hybrids at high latitudes if NIRS calibrations of iNDF including forage maize samples are available.

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-901 83 Umea, Sweden
  • Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-901 83 Umea, Sweden
  • Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Szent Istvan University, H-2100 Godollo, Hungary
  • Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-901 83 Umea, Sweden
  • Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-901 83 Umea, Sweden
  • Valio Ltd., Farm Services, PO Box 10, FI-00039 Valio, Finland
  • Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-901 83 Umea, Sweden


  • Åkerlind M., Weisbjerg M., Eriksson T., Tøgersen R., Udén P., Ólafsson B.L., Harstad O.M.,Volden H., 2011. Feed analyses and digestion methods. In: H. Volden (Editor). NorFor-The Nordic Feed Evaluation System. Wageningen Acad. Publication, Wageningen (The Netherlands), pp. 41–54
  • Bal M.A., Coors J.G., Shaver R.D., 1997. Impact of the maturity of corn for use as silage in the diets of dairy cows on, intake, digestion and milk production. J. Dairy Sci. 80, 2497–2503
  • Cox W.J., Chereny J.H., Chereny D.J.R., Pardee W.D., 1994. Forage quality and harvest index of corn hybrids under different growing conditions. Agron. J. 86, 277–282
  • Deaville E.R., Flynn P.C., 2000. Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy: An alternative approach to forage quality evaluation. In: D.I. Givens, E. Owen, R.F.E. Axford, H.M. Omed (Editors). Forage Evaluation in Ruminant Nutrition. CABI, Wallingford, pp. 301–320
  • Deaville E.R., Humphries D.J., Givens D.I., 2009. Whole crop cereals 2. Prediction of apparent digestibility and energy value from in vitro digestion techniques and near infrared reflectance spectroscopy and of chemical composition by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 149, 114–124
  • Eriksson T., Lindberg E., Harstad O.M., Bævre L., Olafsson B.L., Weisbjerg M.R.,Thørgersen R., 2007. NorFor in sacco standard. Available from (verified 23 March 2013)
  • Eriksson T., Krizsan S.J., Volden H., Eriksson T., Rinne M., Nissen H., Eriksen C., Brohede L., Vedder H., Weisbjerg M.R., 2012. Nordic ring test on iNDF and NDF contents of tenfeed samples. In: Proceedings of the Nordic Feed Science Conference, Uppsala (Sweden). Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, pp. 13–18
  • Givens D.I., Cottyn B.G., Dewey P.J.S., Steg A., 1995. A comparison of neutral detergent-cellulase method with other laboratory methods for predicting the digestibility in vivo of maize silages from three European countries. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 54, 55–64
  • Givens D.I., Deaville E.R., 2001. Comparison of major carbohydrate fractions and cell wall digestibility in silages made from older and newer maize genotypes grown in the UK. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 89, 69–82
  • Gosselink J.M.J., Dulphy J.P., Poncet C., Jailler M., Tamminga S., Cone J.W., 2004. Prediction of forage digestibility in ruminants using in situ and in vitro techniques. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 115, 227–246
  • Hetta M., Mussadiq Z., Gustavsson A.-M., Swensson C., 2012. Effects of hybrid and maturity on performance and nutritive characteristics of forage maize at high latitutdes, estimated using the gas production technique. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 171, 20–30
  • Huhtanen P., Jaakkola S., Nousiainen J., 2013. An overview of silage research in Finland: from ensiling innovation to advances in dairy cow feeding. Agr. Food Sci. 22, 35–56
  • Huhtanen P., Kaustell K., Jaakkola S., 1994. The use of internal markers to predict total digestibility and duodenal flow of nutrients in cattle given six different diets. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 48, 211–227
  • Huhtanen P., Nousianen J., Rinne M., 2006. Recent developments in forage evaluation with special reference to practical applications. Agr. Food Sci.15, 293–223
  • Janĉik F., Rinne M., Homolka P., Čermák B., Huhtanen P., 2011. Comparison of methods for forage digestibility determination. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 169, 11–23
  • Jones D.I.H.,Theodorou M.K., 2000. Enzymatic techniques for estimating digestibility. In: D.I. Givens, E. Owen, R.F.E. Axfor, H.M. Omed (Editors). Forage Evaluation in Ruminant Nutrition. Oxon: CABI Publishing, pp. 155–173
  • Jordbruksverket, 2010. Swedish Board of Agriculture. Available from (verified 23 March 2013)
  • Keady T.W.J., Kilpatrick D.J., Mayn C.S., Gordon F.J., 2008. Effect of replacing grass silage with maize silages, differing in maturity, on performance and potential concentrate sparing effect of dairy cows offered two feed grass silages. Livest. Sci. 119, 1–11
  • Koukolová V., Weisbjerg M.R., Hvelplund T., Lund P., Čermák B., 2004. Prediction of NDF degradation chracteristics of grass and grass/clover forages based on laboratory methods. J. Anim. Feed Sci.13, 691–708
  • Krizsan S.J., Nyholm L., Nousiainen J., Südekum K.H., Huhtanen P., 2012.Comparison of in vitro and in situ methods in evaluation of forage digestibility in ruminants. J. Anim. Sci. 90, 3162–3173
  • Lindgren E., 1979. Nutritive value of forages determined in vivo and with different laboratory methods (in Swedish). Rapport 45. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden)
  • Lindgren E., 1983. A new calibration of rumen fluid organic matter solubility to determine energy value in forages (in Swedish). Working paper. Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden)
  • Lund P., Weisbjerg M.R., Ahvenjärvi S., Huhtanen P., Udén P., Olafsson B.,Volden H., 2004. Nordic ringtest on iNDF content and NDF degradation characteristics in three feeds. J. Anim. Feed Sci.13, 139–142
  • Madsen J., Hvelplund T., 1994. Prediction of in situ protein degradability in the rumen. Results of a European ringtest. Livest. Prod. Sci. 39, 201–212
  • Mertens D.R., Allen M., Carmany J. et al., 2002. Gravimetric determination of amylase-treated neutral detergent fiber in feeds with refluxing in beakers or crucibles: Collaborative study. J. AOAC Int. 85, 1217–1240
  • Mussadiq Z., Hetta M., Swensson C.,Gustavsson A.M., 2012. Plant development, agronomic performance and nutritive value of forage maize depending on hybrid and marginal site conditions at high latitudes. Acta Agr. Scand. Sect. B. Soil Pl. 62, 420–430
  • Nousiainen J., Rinne M., Hellemäki M., Huhtanen P., 2003. Prediction of the digestibility of primary growth and regrowth grass silages from chemical composition, pepsin-cellulase solubility and indigestible cell wall content. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech.110, 61–74
  • Sinnaeve G., Dardenne P., Agneessens R., Biston R., 1994. The use of near infrared spectroscopy for the analysis of fresh grass silage. J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 2, 79–84
  • Søegaard K., Weisbjerg M.R., Thøgersen R., Mikkelsen M., 2001. Laboratory methods to determine digestibility in forages to cattle with special emphasis on starch-rich whole crop forages (in Danish). DJF. Rapport nr. 34. Husdyrbryg,Tjele (Denmark)
  • St-Pierre N.R., 2003. Reassessment of bias in predicted nitrogen flows to the duodenum by NRC 2001. J. Dairy Sci. 86, 344–350
  • Sutton J.D., Cammell S.B., Phipps R.H., Beever D.E., Humphries D.J., 2000. The effect of crop maturity on the nutritional value of maize silage for lactating dairy cattle. 2. Ruminal and postruminal digestion. Anim. Sci. 71, 391–400
  • Swensson C., Hetta M., Mussadiq Z., 2008. Phenological development of maize and its nutritive value importance for dairy cows under Swedish conditions. In: A. Hopkins, T. Gustafsson, J. Bertilsson, G. Dalin, N. Nilsdotter-Linde, E. Spörndly (Editors). Biodiversity and Animal Feed, Future Challenges for Grassland Production. Book of Abstracts, 22nd General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden), p. 94
  • Weisbjerg M.R., Hvelplund T., 1993. Determination of Net Energy Content in Concentrate Supplements (in Danish). Forskningsrapport nr. 3. StatensHusdyrbrugsforsøg (Denmark), pp. 30


Rekord w opracowaniu

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.