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2016 | 23 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

The effect of mycorrhization on the growth, flowering, content of chloroplast pigments, saccharides and protein in the leaves of Sinningia speciosa (Lodd.) Hiern

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
Wpływ mikoryzacji na wzrost, kwitnienie Sinningia speciosa (Lodd.) Hiern oraz zawartość barwników chloroplastowych, cukrowców i białka w liściach
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The research was conducted on two cultivars of Sinningia speciosa (Lodd.) Hiern: ‘Defiance’ and ‘Blanche de Meru’. Plants were cultivated with or without symbiosis with endomycorrhizal fungi. In order to evaluate the biochemical changes in the leaves of Sinningia speciosa at the vegetative growth stage the content of chlorophyll a+b, carotenoids, protein and saccharides was determined. Plant growth parameters, such as height, diameter, number of leaves and number of initiated flower buds, were determined when first flower was developed. Mycorrhizal plants of Sinningia ’Defiance’ and ‘Blanche de Meru’ had more flower buds, 66.7 and 57.1%, respectively. The mycorrhization had a positive influence on the content of chlorophyll a+b in the leaves of Sinningia speciosa ‘Defiance’, whereas in the Blanche de Meru cultivar this dependence was observed only in the ninth and tenth week of cultivation. At the vegetative stage the mycorrhized plants had a higher content of carotenoids in their leaves, except for the tenth week of cultivation in the Defiance and the seventh and tenth weeks of cultivation in the Blanche de Meru cultivar. The mycorrhization did not influence the content of protein in the cultivars under investigation, except for the ninth week of cultivation. The highest content of saccharides in the leaves of Defiance and Blanche de Meru cultivars was noted at the beginning of vegetation and it was similar in the mycorrhized and non-mycorrhized plants.
PL
W badaniach oceniano wpływ grzybów endomikoryzowych na zmiany, w fazie wzrostu wegetatywnego, zawartości chlorofilu a+b, karotenoidów, białka i cukrowców w liściach Sinningia speciosa (Lodd.) Hiern ‘Defiance’ i ‘Blanche de Meru’. Jakość roślin (wysokość, średnica, liczba liści i pąków kwiatowych) określono w fazie, gdy na roślinach rozwinął się pierwszy kwiat. Mikoryzacja siningii odmian Defiance i Blanche de Meru stymulowała tworzenie się pąków kwiatowych. Na roślinach mikoryzowanych rozwinęło się średnio o 66,7 i 57,1% więcej pąków kwiatowych, odpowiednio dla Defiance i Blanche de Meru., Mikoryzacja miała pozytywny wpływ na zawartość chlorofilu a+b w liściach odmiany Defiance. U odmiany Blache de Meru zależność tą obserwowano tylko w 9 i 10 tygodniu uprawy. W fazie wzrostu wegetatywnego mikoryzowane rośliny miały większą zawartość karotenoidów w liściach, za wyjątkiem odmiany Defiance w 7. tygodniu uprawy i odmiany Blanche de Meru w 7. i 10. tygodniu uprawy. Mikoryzacja nie miała wpływu na zawartość białka w liściach badanych odmian, za wyjątkiem 9 tygodnia uprawy. Podwyższoną zawartość cukrowców u obu odmian odnotowano pod koniec fazy wegetatywnej, zarówno u mikoryzowanych jak niemikoryzowanych roślin.
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
23
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.213-223,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Ornamental Plants, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Dabrowskiego 159, 60-594 Poznan, Poland
  • Department of Plant Physiology, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wolynska 35, 60-637 Poznan, Poland
autor
  • Department of Plant Physiology, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wolynska 35, 60-637 Poznan, Poland
autor
  • Department of Phytopathology and Seed Science Technology, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Dabrowskiego 159, 60-594 Poznan, Poland
autor
  • Department of Ornamental Plants, Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Dabrowskiego 159, 60-594 Poznan, Poland
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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