Jan Pilz (1879-1930) - the pionner of Polish neurology
The presentation aims to describe the early Polish neurology and its pioneer, Professor Jan Pilz. During his medical study in Zurich and Bern, Jan Pilz was so impressed by Swiss achievements in psychiatry that he decided to work in psychiatric clinics in Zurich and Geneva. He took his doctorate in neuropathology under a well-known Russian physician, Bekhterew. Pilz visited neurological and psychiatric clinics in France, Germany, The Netherlands, and Russia. From 1905, he took the fi rst Polish Department of Neurology and Psychiatry in Cracow. Professor Pilz was engaged in study of the topography of cortical pupilary motor centers in animals. He took into consideration only isolated pupilary movements, which earlier investigators as Bekhterew, Schiff, BrownSéquard had not considered. Pilz proved that there were not only isolated pupilary centers in the cortex but that it was also possible to point out in the cortex of various species of animals an analogy in the topography of the contraction and expansion centers of the pupils. He also was interested in hereditariness of mental diseases and homosexuality. Pilz was the President of Eugenics Society in Cracow, a founder of the Neurological and Psychiatric Society, the Society for Caring Mental Patients. His co-workers were fi rst researchers on neurological and psychiatric diseases in Poland. References: Archive of Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Jan Pilz’s records.