Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | 20 | 3 |

Tytuł artykułu

Perceived and desired body weight among female university students in relation to BMI-based weight status and socio-economic factors

Treść / Zawartość

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



The aim of the study was to verify if the accuracy of weight perception among young women depends on their socioeconomic status and BMI–based weight status. In addition, the survey contained questions whether women were satisfied with their weight and tested if the desire to change weight is affected by real body weight and weight perception. The sample consisted of 1,129 female university students, aged 20–24. BMI was calculated from measured weight and height. The questionnaire contained questions about socio-economic status, weight perception and desired body weight. 71.9% of the surveyed students correctly estimated, 24.2% overestimated and 3.9% underestimated their body weight. Underweight women tended to incorrectly assess their body weight more often than normal weight women or overweight women (43.2% vs. 75.4% vs. 77.2%). Students from families of high socio-economic status slightly more often estimated their weight status correctly than students with average and low status, but the difference was statistically significant only in the case of the factor “mother’s education”. Most of surveyed women expressed the desire to weigh less or/and to have thinner waist, hips or thighs. The desire to be thinner was associated with body weight status and body weight perception.

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • Department of Anthropology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland
  • Institute of Public Health, Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland
  • Department of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Opole University, Opole, Poland


  • 1. Finucane MM, Stevens GA, Cowan M, Danaei G, Lin J, Paciorek ChJ, Singh GM, Gutierrez HR, Lu Y, Bahalim AN, Farzadfar F, RileyLM, Ezzati M. National, regional, and global trends in body-massindex since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveysand epidemiological studies with 960 country-years and 9–1 million participants. Lancet 2011; 377(9765): 557–567.
  • 2. Abraham SF. Dieting, body weight, body image and self esteem in young women: doctors’ dilemmas. Med J Aust. 2003; 178(12): 607–611.
  • 3. Kołoło H, Woynarowska B. Self – perception of body mass and dieting in adolescents. Przegl Pediatr. 2004; 34(3–4): 196–201.
  • 4. Low K, Charanasomboon S, Brown C, Hiltunen G, Long K, Reinhalter K. Internalization of the thin ideal, weight and body image concerns.Soc Behav Person. 2003; 31(1): 81–90.
  • 5. Grogan S. Body Image: Understanding Body Dissatisfaction in Men, Women and Children. Routledge, London 1999.
  • 6. Anton SD, Perri MG, Riley JR. Discrepancy between actual and ideal body images: Impact on eating and exercise behaviors. Eat Behav.2000; 1(2): 153–162.
  • 7. Bauer M, Kirchengast S. Body composition, weight status, body image and weight control practices among female adolescents from easternAustria. Anthropol Anz. 2006; 64(3): 321–331.
  • 8. Gregory CO, Blanck HM, Gillespie C, Maynard L, Serdula MK. Health perceptions and demographic characteristics associated withunderassessment of body weight. Obesity 2008; 16(5): 979–986.
  • 9. Kurdak H, Bozdemir N, Saatci E, Ozturk P, Ozcan S, Akpinar E. Selfperceived body weight status and weight-control behaviors of highschool students in a Southern City of Turkey. Coll Antropol. 2010;34(4): 1295–1302.
  • 10. Orsel S, Isik Canplat B, Akedemir A, Ozbay H. Comparison of body image, self-perception and BMI of dieting adolescents with those ofon-dieters. Turk Psychiatr Derg. 2004; 15(1): 5–15.
  • 11. Rahman M, Berenson AB. Self-perception of weight and its association with weight-related behaviors in young, reproductive-aged women.Obstetrics Gynecol. 2010; 116(6): 1–11.
  • 12. Strauss RS. Self-reported weight status and dieting in acrosssectional sample of young adolescents: National Health and NutritionExamination Survey III. Arch Pediatr Adoles Med. 1999; 153(7): 741–747.
  • 13. Jaeger B, Ruggiero GM, Edlund B, Gomez-Perretta C, Lang, F, Mohammadkhani P, Sahleen-Veasey C, Schomer H, Lamprecht F. Bodydissatisfaction and its interrelations with other risk factors for bulimianervosa in 12 countries. Psychother Psychosom. 2002; 71(1): 54–61.
  • 14. Jansen W, Looij-Jansen P, Wilde E, Brug J. Feeling fat rather than being fat may be associated with psychological well being in young Dutch adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 2008; 42(2): 128–136.
  • 15. Levine MP, Piran N. The role of body image in the prevention of eating disorders Body Image 2004; 1(1): 57–70.
  • 16. Rukavina T, Pokrajac-Bulian A Thin-ideal internalization, body dissatisfaction and symptoms of eating disorders in Croatian adolescentgirls. Eat Weight Disord. 2006; 11(1): 31–37.
  • 17. Kuchler F, Variyam JN. Mistakes were made: misperception as a barrier to reducing overweight. Int J Obes. 2003; 27(7): 856–861.
  • 18. Chang VW, Christakis NA. Self-perception of weight appropriateness in the United States. Am J Prevent Med. 2003; 24(4): 332–339.
  • 19. McLaren L, Kuh D. Women’s body dissatisfaction, social class, and social mobility. Soc Sci Med. 2004; 58(9): 1575–1584.
  • 20. Park E. Overestimation and Underestimation: Adolescents’ weight perception in comparison to BMI-based weight status and how it variesacross socio-demographic factors. J School Health. 2011; 81(2): 57–64.
  • 21. Oksuz E. Unhealthy Body Perception among Turkish Youths: Socioeconomic Status and Social Comparisons. Coll Antropol. 2008;32(1): 5–13.
  • 22. Fitzgibbon ML, Blackman LR, Avellone ME. The relationship between body image discrepancy and body mass index across ethnic groups.Obes Res. 2000; 8(8): 582–589.
  • 23. Metcalf PA, Scragg RKR, Willoughby P, Finau S, Tipene-Leach D. Ethnic differences in perceptions of body size in middle-aged European,Maori and Pacific People living in New Zealand. Int J Obes. 2000;24(5): 593–599.
  • 24. Kjaerby-Thygesen A, Munk C, Ottesen B, Kuruger Kjaer S. Why do slim women consider themselves too heavy? A characterization of adultwomen considering their body weight as too heavy. Int J Eat Disord.2004; 35(3): 275–285.
  • 25. Peternel L, Sujoldzic A. Adolescents eating behavior, body image and psychological well-being. Coll Antropol. 2009; 33(1): 205–212.
  • 26. Cattarin JA, Thompson JK, Thomas C, Williams R. Body image, mood, and televised images of attractiveness: The role of social comparison. J Soc Clinic Psychol. 2000; 19(2): 220–239.
  • 27. Levine MP, Harrison K. Media’s role in the perpetuation and prevention of negative body image and disordered eating. In: Thompson JK.Handbook of eating disorders and obesity, John Wiley, New York,2004 p.695–717
  • 28. Wilcox K, Laird JD. The impact of media images of super-slender women on women’s self esteem: Identification, social comparison, and self-perception. J Res Personality 2000; 34(2): 278–286.
  • 29. Zaborskis A, Petronyte G, Sumskas L, Kuzman M, Iannotti RJ. Body image and weight control among adolescents in Lithuania, Croatiaand the United States in the context of global obesity. Croat Med J.2008; 49(3): 233–242.
  • 30. Mikolajczyk RT, Maxwell AE, El Ansari W, Stock Ch, Petkeviciene J, Guillen-Grima F. Relationship between perceived body weight and bodymass index based on self- reported height and weight among universitystudents: a cross-sectional study in seven European countries. BMCPublic Health. 2010; 10(40): 1–11.
  • 31. Neighbors LA, Sobal J. Prevalence and magnitude of body weight and shape dissatisfaction among university students. Eat Behav. 2007;8(4): 429–439.
  • 32. Raberg M, Kumar B, Holmboe-Ottesen G, Wandel M. Overweight and weight dissatisfaction related to socioeconomic position, integrationand dietary indicators among South Asian immigrants in Oslo. Pub Health Nutri. 2009; 13(5): 695–703.
  • 33. Wardle J, Griffith J. Socioeconomic status and weight control practices in British adults. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2000; 55(3): 185–190.
  • 34. Johnson WG, Rohan KJ, Kirk AA. Prevalence and correlates of binge eating in white and African American adolescents. Eat Behav. 2002;3(2): 179–189.
  • 35. Júlíusson PB, Roelants M, Markestad T, Bjerknes R. Parental perception of overweight and underweight in children and adolescents. Acta Pædiatrica. 2011; 100(2): 260–265.
  • 36. Van Vliet JS, Allansson Kjo E, Duchen K, Rasanen L, Nelson N. Waist circumference in relation to body perception reported by Finnishadolescent girls and their mothers. Acta Pædiatrica. 2009; 98(3):501–506.


rekord w opracowaniu

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.