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2011 | 71 | S |
Tytuł artykułu

Effects of blastomere biopsy of preimplantation embryos on expression of imprinted genes and anxiety - and depression - like behaviours in mice

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Prenatal developmental period is a critical window, where any perturbation of embryonic/fetal environment can lead to behavioural abnormalities and diseases in adult life, such as depression and stress disorders. The mechanisms underlying long term effects, induced by early perturbation, are not well described, but an epigenetic origin has been suggested. In this work we wanted to investigate whether and how blastomere biopsy on 8-cells stage embryos can have long-term effects on behaviour. Onemonth-old mice derived from the biopsed embryos were subjected to a battery of behavioural tests. The animals displayed an increased locomotor and exploration activity (p<0.05) and increased anxiety-like behaviour. Interestingly, the depressionlike behaviour in the tail suspension test was observed only in female offspring (p<0.001). In addition, to investigate the epigenetic mechanism underlying these behavioural alterations, we analyzed expression of imprinted genes Snrpn, Peg1 and Ube3a in blastocysts obtained after biopsy. These imprinted genes are highly expressed in pre-implantation embryos, where their epigenetic programming is defined, and in brain, shaping the behavioural phenotype of offspring. Real-Time PCR analysis revealed significant down-regulation of Peg1 (p<0.05), Snrpn and Ube3a (p<0.01) in blastocysts derived from the biopsed embryos, compared to controls. The results suggest that blastomere biopsy causes an altered expression of imprinted genes in preimplantation embryo. The reduction of expression of these transcripts can cause anxiety- or depression-like behaviours and alteration of locomotory activity in offspring obtained following biopsy of early embryos.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
71
Numer
S
Opis fizyczny
p.69
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy
autor
  • Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy
autor
  • Department of Animal Behaviour, Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding PAS, Jastrzeniec, Poland
autor
  • Department of Experimental Embriology, Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding PAS, Jastrzeniec, Poland
autor
  • Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy
autor
  • Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy
Bibliografia
Uwagi
Rekord w opracowaniu
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-f04c998a-2018-4332-a6a0-2780b261299d
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