Vitamin K status in peritoneally dialyzed patients with chronic kidney disease
Abnormal vitamin K status was documented in patients with chronic kidney diseases (CKD), especially those undergoing hemodialysis. The data related to patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) are contradictory. Therefore, in the present study we aimed to evaluate vitamin K status in patients with CKD who are treated with continuous ambulatory PD. Twenty-eight patients entered into the study. Dialysis vintage ranged from 3 to 89 months. Vitamin K status was assessed in all subjects using undercarboxylated prothrombin measurement (PIVKA-II). In addition, total protein and albumin levels, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglyceride, calcium, urea and creatinine concentrations were determined. PIVKA-II concentrations were abnormal in 13 (46.4 %) subjects. BMI values, both total and LDL cholesterol concentrations were significantly higher in patients with than those without vitamin K deficiency. Moreover, PIVKA II levels correlated with BMI values (r = 0.441, p < 0.019), LDL cholesterol (r = 0.434, p < 0.021) and creatinine (r = 0.406, p < 0.032) concentrations. However, through the use of logistic regression analysis and multiple regression analysis, no clinical factor was documented to be the independent risk factor of vitamin K deficiency. In conclusion, vitamin K deficiency is a frequent condition in peritoneally dialyzed patients. Assessment of vitamin K status should become a standard procedure in this group of patients.
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