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2012 | 58 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Influence of distillation time on the content and composition of essential oil isolated from wild thyme (Thymus serpyllum L.)

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
Wpływ czasu destylacji na zawartość i skład olejku eterycznego wyizolowanego z macierzanki piaskowej (Thymus serpyllum L.)
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The influence of the time of distillation on the content and composition of essential oil isolated from wild thyme (Thymus serpyllum L.) by hydrodistillation was investigated. The GC-MS data showed that the essential oil was rich in carvacrol (30.90–46.16%) and its biogenetic precursors γ-terpinene (5.72–9.09%) and p-cymene (4.51–13.46%). Other constituents identified in significant amounts were β-caryophyllene, carvacrol methyl ether and (-)-β-bisabolene. On the basis of the obtained data it was proved that time of distillation had no effect on essential oil content. Moreover, there was no significant effect of the distillation time on the content of essential oil constituents found in the experiment.
PL
Zbadano wpływ czasu destylacji na zawartość i skład olejku eterycznego wyizolowanego z macierzanki piaskowej (Thymus serpyllum L.) na drodze hydrodestylacji. Analiza GCMS wykazała, że olejek eteryczny zawierał dużo karwakrolu (30,90–46,16%), γ-terpinenu (5,72–9,09%) i p-cymenu (4,51–13,46%). Pozostałe składniki zidentyfikowane w znacznych ilościach w olejku to β-kariofilen, eter metylowy karwakrolu i (-)-β-bisabolen. Na podstawie uzyskanych wyników wykazano, że czas destylacji nie miał wpływu na zawartość olejku eterycznego, co więcej nie miał też istotnego wpływu na zawartość głównych składników olejku.
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
58
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.40-50,ref.
Twórcy
  • Department of Organic Chemistry, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Aleja Piastow 42, 71-065 Szczecin, Poland
autor
  • Laboratory of Vegetable Crops, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Papieza Pawla VI 1, 71-459 Szczecin, Poland
  • Laboratory of Storage and Processing, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Slowackiego 17, 71-434 Szczecin, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • 14. Khan IA, Abourashed EA. Leung’s encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, third ed. Wiley (New Yersey) 2010:594-597.
  • 15. European Pharmacopoeia 5th ed. 2004:2701-2702.
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  • 19. Abu-Lafi S, Odeh I, Dewik H, Qabajah M, Hanus LO, Dembitsky VM. Thymol and carvacrol production from leaves of wild Palestinian Majorana syrica. Bioresour Technol 2008; 99(9):3914-3918.
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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