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2009 | 69 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Astroglial reaction in the early asymptomatic phase of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Under different pathological conditions activation of astrocytes of neuroprotective or neurotoxic nature is observed. There is a growing number of evidence that many pathological states of brain are characterized by very early active contribution of astrocytes to neurodegenerative axonal damage. Astroglia posses defense mechanisms against glutamate excitotoxicity (transporter systems) but may also contribute to the enhanced release of this potentially toxic amino acid trough exocytosis, P2X7 purinergic receptors, hemichannels or reversing of glutamate transporters. These cells are also a main source of ATP, active signaling molecule, which activates many purinergic receptors in brain, including P2X7R, which participates in development of infl ammation and neurodegeneration phenomena. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of astroglia-specifi c proteins during the course of EAE using immunochemical and immunohistochemical analysis. We observed early activation of astroglia in the inductive phase of EAE (4 day p.i.) which was connected with overexpression of GFAP and S-100β. Expression of Cx43, protein that forms hemichannels was also enhanced so as the expression of P2X7R. Additionally, the level of GLT-1 glutamate transporter’s protein increase signifi cantly. The results suggest that in EAE pathology very early activation of astroglia takes place in the preclinical stage of the disease. The exact nature of this activation will be investigated.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
69
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.322
Twórcy
  • Department of Neurochemistry, Mossakowski Medical Research Centre Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Department of Neurochemistry, Mossakowski Medical Research Centre Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Department of Experimental Pharmacology, Mossakowski Medical Research Centre Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Neurochemistry, Mossakowski Medical Research Centre Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
  • Department of Neurochemistry, Mossakowski Medical Research Centre Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
Bibliografia
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-91e7536f-2cef-4aa0-b278-8d64917e0f18
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