PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | 12 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Association of vegan diet with RMR, body composition and oxidative stress

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background. There is increasing evidence to suggest that a vegetarian diet low in fat and high in complex carbohydrates offers the potential for decreasing the risk of chronie disease. However, there is little information about the effect of vegetarian diets on resting metabolic rate (RMR). The objective of this study was to determine the association of vegan diet with RMR and body composition and oxidative stress. Material and methodology. This research is a cross-sectional descriptive analytic study in which two groups of vegetarians and non vegetarians were compared. RMR was determined by indirect calorimetry, the amount of body fat mass (FM), the percentage of free fat mass (FFM), the markers of oxidative stress (MAD), poteins (PCO) and total anti-oxidatant capacity were measured in 20 vegetarians and 20 non-vegetarians. The two groups were matched with regard to body mass index, sex and menstrual cycle. Energy and macronutrient intakes were determined using a 3-day food record and body composition was determined by bioelectric impedance. Results. VEG reported a lower relative intake of protein (40.45 ±19.41 g, 56.96 ±11.94 g, p = 0.04), whereas no differences were observed in daily energy, carbohydrate or fat intakes and body composition. NVEG exhibited a higher absolute RMR (1354.7 ±192.6, 1569.10 ±348.24 Kcal/24 h, p = 0.02). PCO plasma density was seen significantly higher among non-vegetarians (1.09 ±3.6, 0.81 ±0.42, p = 0.02). No significant differences were seen in plasma density of TAC between two groups and MAD was higher amoung vegetarians. Conclusion. These results suggest that the lower RMR observed in VEG is partially mediated by differences in dietary macronutrient composition.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
12
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.311-317,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • International Branch, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
autor
  • Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
autor
  • Department of Epidemiology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
autor
  • Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Bibliografia
  • Barja G., Herrero A., 2000. Oxidative damage to mitochondrial DNA is inversely related to maximum life span in the heart and brain of mammals. FASEB J. 14, 312-318.
  • Bissoli L., Armellini F., Zamboni M., Mandragona R., Ballarin A., Bosello O., 1999. Resting metabolic rate and thermogenic effect of food in vegetarian diets compared with mediterenian diets. Ann. Nutr. Metab. 43 (3), 140-144.
  • Boveris A., Oshino N., Chance B., 1972. The cellular production ofhydrogen peroxide. Biochem. J. 128,617-630.
  • Burslem J.B., Schonfeld G., Howard M.A., Weidman S.W., Miller J.R, 1978. Plasma apoprotein and lipoprotein lipid levels in vegetarians. Metabolism 27, 711.
  • Elis F.R., Montegriffo M.E., 1970. Veganism. Clinical, findings and investigation. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 23, 249-255.
  • Frary C.D., Johnson R.K., 2008. Energy. In: Krause’s food and nutrition therapy. Eds L.K. Mahan, S.S. Escott, W.B. Saunders. Philladelphia, 22-38.
  • Frisard M.I., Broussard A., Davies S.S., Roberts L.J., Rood J., Lillian D.J., Frang X., Jazwiński S.M., 2007. Aging, resting metabolic rate, and oxidative damage: Results from the Louisiana Healthy Aging study. J. Geront. Ser. A, Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 62, 752-759.
  • Gallagher D., 1998. Organ - tissue mass measurement allows modeling of REE and metabolically active tissue mass. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metabol. 275, E149.
  • Haldar S., Rowland I.R., Bamett Y.A., Bradbury I., Robson P.J., Powell J., Fletcher J., 2007. Influence of habitual diet on antioxidant status: a study in a population of vegetarians and omnivores. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 61 (8), 1011-1022.
  • Harman D., 1956. Aging: a theoiy based on free radical and radiation chemistry. J. Gerontol. 11, 298-300.
  • Herrero A., Portero-Otin M., Bellmunt M.J., Pamplona R., Barja G., 2001. Effect of the degree of fatty acid unsatuation of rat heart mitochondria on their rates of H202 production and lipid and protein oxidative damage. Mech. Ageing Dev. 122 (4), 424-443.
  • Hipkiss A.R., 2006. Would camosine or a camivorous diet help suppress aging and associated pathologies? Ann. Acad. Sci. 1067, 369-374.
  • Ho-Pham L.T., Nguyen P.L., Le T.T., Doan T.A., Tran N.T., Le T.A., Nguyen T.V., 2009. Veganism, bone mineral density, and body composition: a study in Buddhist nuns. Osteop. Int. 7, 260-265.
  • Kerksick C., Thomas A., Campbell B., Taylor L., Wibron C., Marcellow B., et al., 2009. Effects of a popular exercise and weight loos, body composition, energy expenditure and health in obese women. Nutr. Metab. 14 (6), 23.
  • Krajcovicova-Kudlackova M., Valachovicova M., Paukova V., Dusinska M., 2008. Effects of diet and age on oxidative damage products in healthy subjects. Physiol. 57, 647-651.
  • Lee Y., Krawinkel M., 2009. Body composition and nutrient intake of Buddhist vegetarians. Asia Pac. J. Clin. Nutr. 18 (2), 265-271.
  • Poehlman E.T., Arciero P.J., Melby C.L., Bodylak S.F., 1988. Resting metabolic rate and post-prandial thermogenesis in vegetarians and non vegetarians and non veg- etarians. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 48, 209-213.
  • Ramos C.F., Lima A.P., Teixeira C.V., Birito P.D., Moura E.G., 1997. Thyroid function in post-weaning rats whose dams were fed a Iow protein diet during suckling. Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 30 (1), 133-137.
  • Ravussin E., Lilloja S., Knowler W., Christin L., Fraymond D., Abbott W., Boyce V., Howard B.V., Bogardus C., 1988. Reduced rate of energy expenditure as a risk factor for body weight gain. New Engl. J. Med. 318, 467-472.
  • Saxe G.A., Major J.M., Westerberg L., Khandrika S., Downs T.M., 2008. Biological mediators of effect of diet and stress reduction on prostate cancer. Integr. Cancer Ther. 7 (3), 130-138.
  • Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs, 1977. US Senate. Dietary goals for the United States. US Govem. Print. Office Washington, DC.
  • Shetty P.S., 1996. Energy requirements of adults: on update on basal metabolic rates (BMRs) and physical activity levels (PALs). Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 50, 11.
  • Siani V., Mohamed E.I., Maiolo C., Daniele N., Ratiu A., Leonardi A., Lorenzo A., 2003. Body composition analysis for health Italian vegetarians. Acta Diabetol. 40 (1), 297-298.
  • Spencer E.A., Appleby P.N., Davey G.K., Key T.J., 2003. Diet and body mass index in 38000 Epic-Oxford meat - eaters, vegetarians and vegan. Int. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 27 (6), 728-734.
  • Thomas J.A., 2006. Oxidant defense in oxidalive and nitrosative stress. In: Modem nutrition in heatn and disease. Eds M.E. Shills, A. Ross, B. Caballero, R.J. Cousins. Li-Pincott Williams and Wilkins Philadelphia, 85-94.
  • Topp H., Fusch G., Schich G., Fusch C., 2008. Non invasive markers of oxidative DNA stress, RNA degradation and protein degradation are differentially correlated with testing metabolic rate and energy intake in children and adolescents. Pediatr. Res. 64 (3), 246-250.
  • Toth M.J., Poehlman E.T., 1994. Sympathetic nervous system activity and resting metabolic rate in vegetarians. Metabolism 43, 621-625.
  • Yeum K.J., Russell R.M., Krinsky N.I., Aldini G., 2004. Biomarkers of antioxidant capacity in the hydrophilic and lipophilic compartments of human plasma. Arch. Biochem. Bioph. 430, 97-103.
Uwagi
PL
Rekord w opracowaniu
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-71643f04-e24b-477c-97d1-490f6d60c767
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.