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2013 | 35 | 07 |
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A simple and efficient method for obtaining transgenic soybean callus tissues

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In the present study, a simple and efficient method for obtaining transgenic callus tissues of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] was developed based on Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Hypocotyl segments of soybean were used as the starting material. Several factors such as soybean genotype, Agrobacterium concentration, inoculation time, co-cultivation period and addition of antioxidants in co-cultivation medium affecting the transformation efficiency were examined. The explants were cultured on callus induction medium containing 0.5 mg L-1 6-benzylaminopurine and 2.0 mg L-1, 2,4- Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid for callus induction. Callus tissues were induced at both the acropetal and basipetal ends. CaMV35S::GUS and CaMV35S::GFP transgenic callus tissues were obtained using the optimized protocol. The average transformation efficiency reached up to 87.7 %based onGUS detection. From inoculation with Agrobacterium to obtaining transgenic soybean callus will take about 3 weeks. In order to validate this method for gene function investigation, GVG::GmSARK transgenic soybean callus tissues were obtained and their senescence-associated phenotypes were assessed. To our knowledge, this is the first report using hypocotyl segments as starting materials to obtain transgenic callus, and this system provides a method for high-throughput screening of functional genes of interest in transformed soybean callus.
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  • Department of Plant Biology and Ecology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
  • Department of Plant Biology and Ecology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
  • Department of Plant Biology and Ecology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
  • Department of Plant Biology and Ecology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
  • Department of Plant Biology and Ecology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
  • Department of Plant Biology and Ecology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
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