PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | 61 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Determinants of plant species richness in different wetland types along a hydrological gradient: implication for conservation

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The loss of biodiversity caused by wetland degradation is a hot issue in ecology. It is known that hydrological degradation is the primary reason resulting in wetland degradation, but little is known about the relationship between plant species richness and environmental factors in different wetland types along a hydrological gradient. According to the gradient from high to low water level, wetland remnants in the Sanjiang Plain of northeast China were classified into three wetland types, which were permanently inundated marshes (PIM), seasonally inundated marshes (SIM) and wet meadows (WM) respectively. In this paper, we aimed to identify the determinants of plant species richness in the three wetland types and discern the transition of the determinants along a hydrological gradient. Plant species richness as well as area, habitat heterogeneity and resource availability was investigated in 51 wetland remnants, which were composed of 6 PIM, 25 SIM and 20 WM. Averagely, the area of wetland remnants occupied by PIM, SIM and WM was 0.35 ± 0.17 ha, 2.81 ± 2.88 ha and 1.34 ± 1.18 ha respectively. Aggregating the species in each wetland type, there were 67, 244 and 170 species recorded in PIM, SIM and WM. The determinants of species richness varied in different wetland types: standing water depth in PIM, area and water heterogeneity in SIM, and soil fertility and area in WM. With the decreasing water level, the influence of hydrological condition on species richness in the three wetland types declined while the impact of area and soil fertility gradually increased. Thus, hydrological condition was probably responsible for the transition of the determinants of species richness in different wetland types. Moreover, the habitat specialists of wetland would be lost when PIM or SIM degraded to WM. In order to conserve and restore plant diversity, specific measures should be taken including preventing area loss for all wetland remnants, managing the hydrological process for PIM and SIM, and regulating soil nutrient for WM.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
61
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.645-654,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • College of Forestry, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China
autor
  • Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
autor
  • Institute of Natural Resource and Ecology, Heilongjiang Academy of Sciences, Harbin 150040, China
autor
  • State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
autor
  • Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
Bibliografia
  • Bakker C., Blair J.M., Knapp A.K. 2003 – Does resource availability, resource heterogeneity or species turnover mediate changes in plant species richness in grazed grasslands – Oecologia, 137: 85–391.
  • Báldi A. 2008 – Habitat heterogeneity overrides the species-area relationship – J. Biogeogr. 35: 675–681.
  • Balmford A., Bruner A., Copper P., Costanza R., Farber S., Green R.E, Jenkins M., Jefferiss P., Jessamy V., Madden J., Munro K., Myers N., Naeem S., Paavola J., Rayment M., Rosendo S., Roughgarden J., Trumper K., Kerry-Tuner R. 2002 – Economic reasons for conserving wild nature – Science, 297: 950–953.
  • Castelli R.M., Chambers J.C., Tausch R.J. 2000 – Soil-plant relations along a soil-water gradient in Great Basin riparian meadows – Wetlands, 20: 251–266.
  • Cornwell W.K., Grubb P.J. 2003 – Regional and local patterns in plant species richness with respect to resource availability – Oikos, 100: 417–428.
  • Désilets P., Houle G. 2005 – Effects of resource availability and heterogeneity on the slope of the species-area curve along a floodplain-upland gradient – J. Veg. Sci. 16: 487–496.
  • Diekmann M. 2003 – Species indicator values as an important tool in applied plant ecology - a review – Basic Appl. Ecol. 4: 493–506.
  • Diekmann M., Falkengren-Grerup U. 1998 – A new species index for forest vascular plants: development of functional indices based on mineralization rates of various forms of soil nitrogen – J. Ecol. 86: 269–283.
  • Eilts J.A., Mittelbach G.G., Reynolds H.L., Gross K.L. 2011 – Resource heterogeneity, soil fertility, and species diversity: effects of clonal species on plant communities – Am. Nat. 177: 574–588.
  • Fornara D.A., Tilman D. 2009 – Ecological mechanisms associated with the positive diversity-productivity relationship in an Nlimited grassland – Ecology, 90: 408–418.
  • Fu B., Liu S., Ma K., Zhu Y. 2004 – Relationships between soil characteristics, topography and plant diversity in a heterogeneous deciduous broad-leaved forest near Beijing, China – Plant Soil, 261: 47–54.
  • Goldberg D.E., Miller T.E. 1990 – Effects of different resource additions on species diversity in an annual plant community – Ecology, 71: 213–225.
  • Goslee S.C., Brooks R.P., Cole C.A. 1997 – Plants as indicators of water source – Plant Ecol. 131: 199–206.
  • Grime J.P. 1979 – Plant strategies and vegetation processes – Wiley, Chichester, UK, 222 pp.
  • Houle G. 2007 – Determinants of fine-scale plant species richness in a deciduous forest of northeastern North America – J. Veg. Sci. 18: 345–354.
  • Janssens F., Peeters A., Tallowin J.R.B., Bakker J.P., Bekker R.M., Fillat F., Oomes M.J.M. 1998 – Relationship between soil chemical factors and grassland diversity – Plant Soil, 202: 69–78.
  • Kallimanis A.S., Mazaris A.D., Tzanopoulos J., Halley J.M., Pantis J.D., Sgardelis S.P. 2008 – How does habitat diversity affect the species-area relationship – Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 17: 532–538.
  • Kentula M.E., Gwin S.E., Pierson S.M. 2004 – Tracking changes in wetlands with urbanization: sixteen years of experience in Portland, Oregon, USA – Wetlands, 24: 734–743.
  • Kohn D.D., Walsh D.M. 1994 – Plant species richness-the effect of island size and habitat diversity – J. Ecol. 82: 367–377.
  • Krauss J., Klein A.M., Steffan-Dewenter I., Tscharntke T. 2004 – Effects of habitat area, isolation, and landscape diversity on plant species richness of calcareous grasslands – Biodivers. Conser. 13: 1427–1439.
  • Kreft H., Jetz W., Mutke J., Kier G., Barthlott W. 2008 – Global diversity of island floras from a macroecological perspective – Ecol. Lett. 11: 116–127.
  • Li C., Jiang L., Shao Y., Wang W. 2005 – Biostatistics, 3rd edn – Science Press, Beijing, China, 357 pp.
  • Li Y., Zhang Y., Zhang S. 2002 – The landscape pattern and ecological effect of the marsh changes in the Sanjiang Plain – Sci. Geogr. Sin. 22: 677–682 (in Chinese, English summary).
  • Liu H., Lu X., Liu Z. 2000 – Landscape planning and ecology construction of wetland comprehensive protected area system in the Sanjiang Plain – J. Environ. Sci. 12: 361–366.
  • Liu H., Zhang S., Lu X. 2004 – Wetland landscape structure and the spatial-temporal changes in 50 years in the Sanjiang Plain – Acta Geogr. Sin. 59: 391–400 (in Chinese, English summary).
  • Lougheed V.L., Mcintosh M.D., Parker C.A., Stevenson, R.J. 2008 – Wetland degradation leads to homogenization of the biota at local and landscape scales – Freshwater Biol. 53: 2402–2413.
  • Lu J. 1995 – Ecological significance and classification of Chinese wetlands – Plant Ecol. 118: 49–56.
  • Lu R. 1999 – Methods for Soil and Agriculture Chemistry Analysis – Chinese Agricultural Science and Technology Press, Beijing, China (in Chinese), 638 pp.
  • Lu T., Ma K., Fu B., Zhang J., Lu Q., Hudson S. 2009 – Diversity and composition of wetland communities along an agricultural drainage ditch density gradient – Pol. J. Ecol. 57: 113–123.
  • Magee T.K., Kentula M.E. 2005 – Response of wetland plant species to hydrologic conditions – Wetlands Ecol. Manag. 13: 163–181.
  • Mitsch W.J., Gosselink J.G. 2007 – Wetlands – 4th edn., Wiley, New York, 600 pp.
  • Pausas J.G., Carreras J., Ferré A., Font X. 2003 – Coarse-scale plant species richness in relation to environmental heterogeneity – J. Veg. Sci. 14: 661–668.
  • Pollock M.M., Naiman R.J., Hanley T.A. 1998 – Plant species richness in riparian wetlands - a test of biodiversity theory – Ecology, 79: 94–105.
  • Ricklefs R.E., Lovette I.J. 1999 – The roles of island area per se and habitat diversity in the species-area relationships of four Lesser Antillean faunal groups – J. Anim. Ecol. 68: 1142–1160.
  • Schaffers A.P., Sýkora K.V. 2000 – Reliability of Ellenberg indicator values for moisture, nitrogen and soil reaction: a comparison with field measurements – J. Veg. Sci. 11: 225–244.
  • ter Braak C.J.F., Barendregt L.G. 1986 – Weighted averaging of species indicator values: it’s efficiency in environmental calibration – Math. Biosci. 78: 57–72.
  • Theodose T.A., Roths J.B. 1999 – Variation in nutrient availability and plant species diversity across forb and graminoid zones of a Northern New England high salt marsh – Plant Ecol. 143: 219–228.
  • Wang Z., Song K., Ma W., Ren C., Zhang B., Liu D., Chen J., Song C. 2011 – Loss and fragmentation of marshes in the Sanjiang Plain, Northeast China, 1954-2005 – Wetlands, 31: 945–954.
  • Zhang J., Ma K., Fu B. 2010 – Wetland loss under the impact of agricultural development in the Sanjiang Plain, NE China – Environ. Monit. Assess. 166: 139–148.
  • Zhou D., Gong H., Wang Y., Khan S., Zhao K. 2009 – Driving forces for the marsh wetland degradation in the Honghe National Nature Reserve in Sanjiang Plain, Northeast China – Environ. Model. Assess. 14: 101–111.
  • Wu Z. 1980 – Vegetation of China – Science Press, Beijing, China, 1375 pp.
  • Yabe K., Onimaru K. 1997 – Key variables controlling the vegetation of a cool temperate mire in northern Japan – J. Veg. Sci. 8: 29–36.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-5930eed5-a252-4bea-94af-6aa731be2fff
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.