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2015 | 18 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Cytological evaluation of tracheal aspirate and broncho - alveolar lavage fluid in comparison to endoscopic assessment of lower airways in horses with recurrent airways obstruction or inflammatory airway disease

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of the present study was to compare the grade of discharge accumulation in the tracheal lumen, area of tracheal bifurcation, main bronchi and the tracheal septum thickness with the cytology of the tracheal aspirate (TA) and broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in horses with recurrent airways obstruction and inflammatory airway disease from those horses. This study was conducted on 96 horses with RAO, 139 horses with IAD and 10 control horses. In all the horses, both clinical and endoscopic examinations were performed. During endoscopy, a score of mucus accumulation was estimated in 3/4 lower of the trachea and in the tracheal bifurcation. In addition, thickening of the tracheal septum was also assessed; tracheal aspirates and broncho-alveolar lavage were performed. An estimate of cell percentage was done in TA and BALF samples. In horses suffering from RAO and IAD, there was a positive correlation between the percentage of neutrophils and the accumulation of discharge, and in the IAD group, there was a negative correlation between the percentage of eosinophils and the accumulation of discharge. There was no correlation between tracheal septum thickening and the percentage of neutrophils and/or eosinophils.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
18
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.587-597,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Pathology and Veterinary Diagnostics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159C, 02-076 Warsaw, Poland
autor
  • Department of Pathology and Veterinary Diagnostics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159C, 02-076 Warsaw, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Allen K, Franklin S (2007) RAO and IAD: respiratory disease in horses revisited. In Practice 29: 76-85.
  • Bartner LR, Robinson NE, Kiupel M, Tesfaigzi Y (2006) Persistent mucus accumulation: consequence of delayed bronchial mucous cell apoptosis in RAO affected horses? Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Phisiol 291: L602-609.
  • Beech J (1975) Cytology of tracheobronchial aspirates in horses Vet Pathol 12: 157-164.
  • Coultil LL, Hoffman AM, Hodgson J, Buechner – Maxwell V, Viel L, Wood JL , Lavoie JP. (2007) Inflammatory airway disease of horses. J Vet Intern Med 21: 356-361.
  • Derksen FJ, Brown CM, Sonea I, Darien BJ, Robinson NE (1989) Comparison of transtracheal aspirate and bronchoalveolar lavage cytology in 50 horses with chronic lung disease. Equine Vet J 21: 23-26.
  • Gerber V, Baleri D, Klukowska-Rotzler J, Swinburne JE, Dolf G (2009) Mixed inheritance of equine recurrent airway obstruction. J Vet Intern Med. 23: 626-630.
  • Gerber V, Straub R, Marti E, Hauptman J, Herholz C, King M, Imhof A, Tahon L, Robinson NE (2004) Endoscopic scoring of mucus quantity and quality: observer and horse variance and relationship to inflammation, mucus viscoelasticity and volume. Equine Vet J 36: 576-582.
  • Hansen S., Fjeldborg J., Babtiste K.E. (2014) Reliable detection of mast cells in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). IAD Workshop 2014, Cabourg, France.
  • Kamińska K, Geringer de Oedenberg H, Neuberg K, Pasicka E, Popiołek M, Płodzich J. (2008) Invasions of nematodes in horses from different studs Lubuskie region and Lower Silesia. Zesz Nauk UP Wrocław Biol Hod Zwierz LVII 567: 109-118.
  • Kluciński W, Winnicka A, Olszewski M, Sikora J, Sitarska E, Niemiałtowski M, Muzylak M, Bylinka G, Wyszyński M (1994 ) Phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes lavaged from the lungs of horses with clinically diagnosed chronic pulmonary disease. Zentralbl Veterinarmed A 41: 558-567.
  • Kunzle F, Gerber V, Van der Haegen A, Wampfler B, Straub R, Marti E (2007) IgE- bearing cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and allergen-specific IgE levels in sera from RAO-affected horses J. Vet Med. A 54: 40-47.
  • Pirie R S (2014) Recurrent airway obstruction: a rewiev. Equine Vet J 46: 276-88.
  • Riihimaki M, Raine A, Pourazar J, Sandstrom T, Art T, Lekeux P, Couetil L, Pringle L (2008) Epithelial expression of mRNA and protein for IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-alpha in endobronchial biopsies in horses with recurrent airway obstruction. BMC Vet Res. 4: 92-98.
  • Robinson NE, Karmaus W., Holcombe SJ, Carr E.A, Derksen FJ (2006) Airway inflammation in Michigan pleasure horses: prevalence and risk Factors. Equine Vet J 38: 293-299.
  • Whitweel KE, Greet TR, (1984) Collection and evaluation of tracheobronchial washes in the horse. Equine Vet J 16: 499-508.
  • Wysocka B, Kluciński W, (2014) Usefulness of the assessment of discharge accumulation in the lower airways and tracheal septum thickening in the differential diagnosis of recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) and inflammatory airway disease (IAD) in the horse. Pol J Vet Sci 17: 247-253.
  • Zhang L, Franchini M, Wehrli Eser M, Jackson EK, Dip R, (2012) Increased adenosine concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of horses with lower airway inflammation. The Vet J 193: 268-270.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-460cae13-f94a-4548-817f-399bf417381a
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