Adolf Beck (1863-1942) and his share in development of electrophysiology
Adolf Beck lived in years 1863–1942. He graduated from the Jagiellonian University and was an outstanding physiologist, pupil and the closest collaborator of Prof. Napoleon Cybulski. In 1890 he became a PhD in medical sciences. His research was devoted to the physiology of the central nervous system and opened the fundamentals of electrophysiology and in consequence, to electroencephalography. Cybulski’s and Beck’s studies had a pioneering character and they were the fi rst to discover electric activity of the brain and changes of this activity in response to various stimuli. The fi rst Beck paper was published in German (1890) and produced response from English researchers who claimed the primacy of Richard Caton (1875). However, the Caton studies differed from Beck’s experiments and were not known to him before. Beck’s didactic and academic work has to be underlined when presenting his profi le. At 32, as Associate Professor, he became chair of Physiology Department at Medical Faculty of the Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv and three years later he was promoted to Full Professor. He worked as dean of Medical Faculty and later as chancellor. He was the author and co-author of many manuals and original scientifi c papers. His book entitled “Physiology of the Central Nervous System”, published in 1913, meets all the requirements of a modern manual for neurophysiology. He published a manual entitled “Human Physiology”, fi rst in 1915 together with Napoleon Cybulski and then, in 1922, by himself.