Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | 61 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Phytoplankton diversity and biomass during winter with and without ice cover in the context of climate change

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Most scenarios of the predicted climate change in Europe imply that the increasing temperature trend will be maintained in winter seasons. The presence or absence of the ice cover in winter can impact on the functioning of lake ecosystems. The research was carried out in two mesotrophic and dimictic lakes in winter with and without ice cover. The biomass and phytoplankton and its composition was analysed with reference to physical factors (PAR and temperature). The research proved that poor thermal-light conditions under the ice/snow cover favoured the development of nanoplanktonic species from the genus Cryptomonas (Cryptophyta) or Stephanodiscus (Bacillariophyceae), whereas microplanktonic species of dinoflagellates, diatoms or green algae prevailed during the ice-free winter. The highest phytoplankton biomass and species richness were recorded during ice-free winter, which affected a higher Shannon-Wiener diversity index and evenness. It has been shown that the mild winter creates good conditions for the development of phytoplankton species characteristic for the mixing periods. The lack of inverse thermal stratification during winter can lead to disturbance in the functioning of the water ecosystems throughout the year.
Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Botany and Hydrobiology, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Konstantynow 1H, 20–708 Lublin, Poland
  • Department of Botany and Hydrobiology, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Konstantynow 1H, 20–708 Lublin, Poland
  • Adrian R., Walz N., Hintze T., Hoeg S., Rushe R. 1999 – Effects of ice duration on plankton succession during spring in shallow polymictic lake – Freshwater Biol. 41: 621–632.
  • Agbeti M.D., Smol J.P. 1995 – Winter limnology: a comparison of physical, chemical and biological characteristic in two temperate lakes during ice cover – Hydrobiologia, 304: 221–234.
  • Barone R., Naselli-Flores L. 2003 – Distribution and seasonal dynamics of Cryptomonads in Sicilian water bodies – Hydrobiologia, 502: 325–329.
  • Bolsenga S.J., Vanderploeg H.A. 1992 – Estimating photosynthetically available radiation into open and ice-covered freshwater lakes from surface characteristic; a high transmittance case study – Hydrobiologia, 243/244: 95–104.
  • Clegg M., Maberly S., Jones R. 2003 – The effect of photon irradiance on the behavioral ecology and potential niche separation of freshwater phytoplanktonic flagellates – J. Phycol. 39: 650–662.
  • Danilov R.A., Ekelund N.G.A. 2001 – Phytoplankton communities at different depths in two eutrophic and two oligotrophic temperate lakes at higher latitude during the period of ice cover – Acta Protozool. 40: 197–201.
  • Dokulil M.T., Teubner K., Jagsh A., Nickus U., Adrian R., Strable D., Jankowski T., Herzig A., Padisák J. 2010 – The Impact of Climate Change on Lakes in Central Europe (In: The Impact of Climate Change on European Lakes, Ed: D.G. George) – Aquat. Ecol. Ser. 4: 387–409.
  • Harasimiuk M., Michalczyk Z., Turczyński M. 1998 – Jeziora łęczyńsko-włodawskie. Monografia przyrodnicza [Łęczna-Włodawa Lakes. Nature monograph] – BMŚ, Wydawnictwo UMCS, Lublin, 176 pp. (in Polish).
  • Hillebrand H., Dürselen C.D., Kirschtel D., Pollingher U., Zohary T. 1999 – Biovolume calculation for pelagic and benthic microalgae – J. Phycol. 35: 403–424.
  • Hurrell J.W. 1995 – Decadal Trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation Regional Temperatures and Precipitation – Science, New Series, 269(5224): 676–679.
  • IPCC 2007 – Executive Summary (In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, Eds: S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor, H.L. Miller) – Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change., Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
  • Kaszewski B.M. 2002 – Climatic conditions of Polesie National Park (In: Polesie National Park. Nature monograph, Ed: S. Radwan) – Morpol Press, Lublin, pp. 19–28.
  • Knapp C., deNoyelles F., Graham D., Bergin S. 2003 – Physical and chemical conditions surrounding the diurnal vertical migration of Cryptomonas spp. (Cryptophyceae) in a seasonally stratified Midwestern reservoir (USA) – J. Phycol. 39: 855–861.
  • Laugaste R., Haberman J., Blank K. 2010 – Cool winters versus mild winters: effects on spring plankton in Lake Peipsi – Estonian J. Ecol. 59: 163–183.
  • Leppäranta M., Reinart A., Erm A., Arst H., Hussainov M., Sipelgas L. 2003 – Investigation of ice and water properties and under-ice light fields in fresh and brackish water bodies – Nordic Hydrol. 34: 245–266.
  • Lewis J.M., Dodge J.D. 2002 – Phylum Pyrrophyta (Dinoflagellates) (In: The freshwater algal flora of the British isles: An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae, Eds: D.M. John, B.A. Whitton, A.J. Brook) – Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, pp. 186–207.
  • Maeda O., Ichimura S. 1973 – On the high density of a phytoplankton population found in a lake under ice – Int. Revue. ges. Hydrobiol. 58: 673–685.
  • Nebaeus M. 1984 – Algal water-blooms under ice-cover – Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 22: 719–724.
  • Nõges P., Adrian R., Anneville O., Arvola L., Blenckner T., George G., Jankowski T., Järvinen M., Maberly S., Padisák J., Straile D., Teubner K., Weyhenmeyer G. 2010 – The Impact of Variations in the Climate on Seasonal Dynamics of Phytoplankton (In: The Impact of Climate Change on European Lakes, Ed: D.G. George) – Aquatic Ecology, Ser. 4: 253–274.
  • Nush E.A. 1980 – Comparison of different methods for chlorophyll and pheopigment determination – Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 14: 14–36.
  • Ohlendorf C., Bigler C., Goudsmit G.-H., Lemcke G., Livingstone D.M., Lotter A.F., Müller B., Sturm M. 2000 – Causes and effects of long periods of ice cover on a remote high Alpine lake – J. Limnol. 59 (Suppl. 1): 65–80.
  • Phillips K.A., Fawley M.W. 2002a – Winter phytoplankton blooms under ice associated with elevated oxygen levels – J. Phycol. 38: 1068–1073.
  • Phillips K.A., Fawley M.W. 2002b – Winter phytoplankton community structure in three shallow temperate lakes during ice cover – Hydrobiologia, 470: 97–113.
  • Pielou E.C. 1966 – The measurement of diversity in different types of biological collections – J. Theor. Biol. 13: 131–144.
  • Rengefors K. 1998 – Seasonal succession of dinoflagellates coupled to the benthic cyst dynamics in Lake Erken, Sweden – Arch. Hydrobiol. Spec. Issues Advanc. Limnol. 51: 123–141.
  • Samuelsson P. 2010 – Using Regional Climate Models to Quantify the Impact of Climate Change on Lakes (In: The Impact of Climate Change on European Lakes, Ed: D.G. George) – Aquat. Ecol. Ser. 4: 15–32.
  • Scheffler W., Padisák J. 2000 – Stephanocostis chantaicus (Bacillariophyceae), morphology and population dynamics of a rare centric diatom growing in winter under ice in the oligotrophic Lake Stechlin, Germany – Arch. Hydrobiol. 98/Algol. Stu. 133: 49–69.
  • Shannon C.E., Wiener W. 1963 – The mathematical theory of communication – Urbana, Illinois, USA: University of Illinois Press, pp. 117.
  • Sokal R.R ., Rohlf F.J. 1995 – Biometry: the principles and practice of statistics in biological research (3rd edition) – New York, W.F. Freeman and Co., New York, 887 pp.
  • Spaulding S.A., Ward J.V., Baron J. 1993 – Winter phytoplankton dynamics in a subalpine lake, Colorado, USA – Arch. Hydrobiol. 129: 179–198.
  • Squires L.E., Rushforth S.R. 1986 – Winter phytoplankton communities of Utah Lake, Utah, USA – Hydrobiologia, 131: 235–248.
  • Steward A.J., Wetzel R.G. 1986 – Cryptophytes and other microflagellates as couplers in planktonic community dynamics – Arch. Hydrobiol. 106: 1–19.
  • Straškrábová V., Izmest’yeva L.R., Maksimova E.A., Fietz S., Nedoma J., Borovec J., Kobanova G.I., Shchetinina E.V., Pislegina E.V. 2005 – Primary production and microbial activity in the euphotic zone of Lake Baikal (Southern Basin) during late winter – Global and Planetary Change, 46: 57–73,
  • Ter Braak C.J.F. 1986 – Canonical correspondence analysis: a new eigenvector technique for multivariate direct gradient analysis – Ecology, 67: 1167–1179.
  • Utermöhl H. 1958 – Zur vervolkommnung der quantitativen planktonmethodik – Mitt. Int. Ver. für Theor. Angew. Limnol. 9: 1–38.
  • Vehmaa A., Salonen K. 2009 – Development of phytoplankton in Lake Pääjärvi (Finland) during under-ice convective mixing period – Aquat. Ecol. 43: 693–705.
  • Weyhenmeyer G.A., Westöö A.-K., Willén E. 2008 – Increasingly ice-free winters and their effects on water quality in Sweden’s largest lakes – Hydrobiologia, 599: 111–118.
  • Wiedner C., Nixdorf B. 1998 – Success of chrysophytes, cryptophytes and dinoflagellates over blue-greens (cyanobacteria) during an extreme winter (1995/96) in eutrophic shallow lakes – Hydrobiologia, 369/370: 229–335.
  • Wojciechowska W., Pęczuła W., Zykubek A. 1998 – Eutrophication and winter-period structure of phytoplankton in three deep lakes in the Łęczna-Włodawa Lakeland, Eastern Poland – Pol. J. Ecol. 46: 89–99.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.