Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2011 | 20 | 1 |

Tytuł artykułu

Effects of replacing fish meal with ensiled catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) by-products on the performance and carcass quality of finishing pigs

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



Thirty castrated finishing male pigs were used to evaluate the effects of replacing fish meal (FM) with ensiled Tra catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) by-products (ECM) on performance and carcass quality. Pigs were allocated to individual pens and fed a control diet (ECM0) with FM as sole protein supplement, and experimental diets where 100 (ECM100), 75 (ECM75), 50 (ECM50) and 25% (ECM25) of the crude protein (CP) from FM was replaced by the CP from ECM. Feed intake was highest in ECM25 and lowest in ECM75 (P<0.05), and daily weight gain was higher in ECM100 than in the other treatments (P<0.01). Feed conversion ratio was improved (P<0.05) with higher inclusion of ECM in the diets. Carcass yield and dressing percentage were not affected (P>0.05) by treatment, but leaf fat and backfat thickness were higher and loin eye area lower in ECM100 compared with ECM0 (P<0.01). Ether extract and polyunsaturated fatty acid contents and meat colour values in Longissimus dorsi muscle increased (P<0.01) with ECM replacement level. Feed costs were lower in ECM100 and ECM75 compared with ECM25 and ECM0.

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • College of Agriculture and Applied Biology, CanTho University CanTho City, Vietnam


  • AOAC., 1990. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Edition. Washington, DC
  • Brooks P.H., Beal J.D., Niven S.J., 2001. Liquid feeding of pigs: potential for reducing environmental impact and for improving productivity and food safety. Rec. Adv. Anim. Nutr. Aust. 13, 49-63
  • Bryhni E.A., Kjos N.P., Ofstad R., Hunt M., 2002. Polyunsaturated fat and fish oil in diets for growing-finishing pigs: effects on fatty acid composition and meat, fat, and sausage quality. Meat Sci. 62, 1-8
  • Canibe N., Jensen B.B., 2003. Fermented and nonfermented liquid feed to growing pigs: effect on aspects of gastrointestinal ecology and growth performance. J. Anim. Sci. 81, 2019-2031
  • Chinh B.V., Oanh B.T., Ha N.N., Viet T.Q., Khang D.T., Tinh N.T., 1995. Chemical Composition and Nutritive Value of Animal Feeds in Vietnam. Agricultural Publishing House, Ha Noi (Vietnam)
  • Department of Health, 1994. Nutritional Aspects of Cardiovascular Disease. Report on Health and Social Subject. London, No. 46
  • FAO, 2005. Statistical Data Base. Available online at
  • Folch J., Lees M., Sloane stanley G.H., 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chem. 226, 497-509
  • Green S., Wiseman J., Cole D.J.A., 1988. Examination of stability, and its effect on the nutritive value, of fish silage in diets for growing pigs. Anim. Feed Sci.Tech. 21, 43-56
  • Hallenstvedt E., Kjos N.P., Rehnberg A.C., Øverland M., Thomassen M., 2010. Fish oil in feeds for entire male and female pigs: Changes in muscle fatty acid composition and stability of sensory quality. Meat Sci. 85, 182-190
  • Ho B.T., Paul D.R., 2009. Fatty acid profile of Tra Catfish (pangasius hypophthalmus) compared to Atlantic Salmon (Salmo solar) and Asian Seabass (Lates calcarifer). Int. Food. Res. J. 16, 501-506
  • Hong T.T.T., Lindberg J., 2007. Effect of cooking and fermentation of a pig diet on gut environment and digestibility in growing pigs. Livest. Sci. 109, 135-137
  • Hsia L.C., Lu G.H., 2004. The effect of high environmental temperature and nutrient density on pig performance, conformation and carcass characteristics under restricted feeding system. Asian-Austr. J. Anim. Sci. 17, 250-258
  • Jensen B.B., Mikkelsen L.L., 1998. Feeding liquid diets to pigs. In: P.C Garnsworthy, J. Wiseman (Editors). Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition. Nottingham University Press (UK), pp. 107-126
  • Jonsdottir R.,Valdimarsdottir T., Baldursdottir B., Thorkelsson G., 2003. Influence of low fat fishmeal on fatty acid composition and sensory quality of pork. J. Muscle Foods 14, 51-65
  • Kim H.Y., Song Y.M., Jin S.K., Kim I.S., Kang Y.S., Lee S.D., Chowdappa R., Ha A.H., Kang S.M., 2006. The effect of change in meat quality parameters on pig Longissimus dorsi muscle by the addition of fermented persimmon shell diet. Asian-Austr. J. Anim. Sci. 19, 286-291
  • Kjos N.P., Skrede A., Overland M., 1999. Effects of dietary fish silage and fish fat on growth performance and sensory quality of growing-finishing pigs. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 79, 139-147
  • Kouba M., 2006. Effects of dietary omega-3 fatty acids on meat quality of pigs and poultry. In: M.C. Teale (Editor). Omega 3 Fatty Acid Research. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. Chapter IV, pp. 225-239
  • Kristinsson H.G., Baldursdottir B., Jonsdottir R.,Valdimarsdottir T., Thorkelsson G., 2001. Influence of feed fat source on fatty acid composition, unsaturation and lipid oxidation of backfat and sensory quality of pork. J. Muscle Foods 12, 285-300
  • Lallo C., Singh R., Donawa A., Madoo G., 1997. The ensiling of poultry offal with sugarcane molasses and Lactobacillus culture for feeding to growing/finishing pigs under tropical conditions. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 67, 213-222
  • Lam, P.T., Bui T.M., Nguyen T.T.T., Gooley G.J., Ingram B.A., Nguyen H.V., Nguyen P.T., De Silva S.S., 2009. Current status of farming practices of striped catfish, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Aquaculture 296, 227-236
  • Lauridsen C., Andersen G., Andersson M., Danielsen V., Engberg R., Jakobsen K., 1999. Effect of dietary fish oil supplied to pigs from weaning to 60 kg liveweight on performance, tissue fatty acid composition and palatability of pork when slaughtered at 100 kg liveweight. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 8, 441-456
  • Michael J.A., 2001. Fat in swine nutrition. In: A.J. Lewis, L. Lee Southern (Editors). Swine Nutrition. 2nd Edition. CRC Press. Washington, DC
  • Øverland M., Rørvik K.A., Skrede A., 1999. High-fat diets improve the performance of growing-finishing pigs. Acta Agr. Scand. 49, 83-88
  • Samuels W., Fontenot J., Allen V., Flick G., 1992. Fermentation characteristics of ensiled seafood wastes and low-quality roughages. Anim. Feed Sci.Tech. 38, 305-317
  • Scholten R.H.J., van der Peet-Schwering C.M.C., Verstegen M.W.A., den Hartog L.A., Schrama J.W., Vesseur P.C., 1999. Fermented co-products and fermented compound diets for pigs: a review. Anim. Feed Sci.Tech. 82, 1-19
  • Stahly T.S., 1984. Use of fats in diets for growing pigs. In: J. Wiseman (Editor). Fats in Animal Nutrition. Butterworths. London, pp. 313-331
  • Stahly T.S., Cromwell G., 1979. Effect of environmental temperature and dietary fat supplementation on the performance and carcass characteristics of growing and finishing swine. J. Anim. Sci. 49, 1478-1488
  • Teye G.A., Sheard P.R., Whittington F.M., Nute G.R., Stewart A.,Wood J.D., 2006. Influence of dietary oils and protein level on pork quality. 1. Effects on muscle fatty acid composition, carcass, meat and eating quality. Meat Sci. 73, 157-165
  • Thuy N.T., Lindberg J.E., Ogle B., 2010. Effect of additive on the chemical composition of tra catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) by-product silages and their nutritive value for pigs. Asian-Austr. J. Anim. Sci. 23, 762-771
  • Urlings H.A., Mul A.J., Van’t Klooster A.T., Bijker P.G., van Logtestijn J.G., Van Gils L.G., 1993. Microbial and nutritional aspects of feeding fermented feed (poultry by-products) to pigs. Vet. Quartely 15, 146-151
  • Van Winsen R.L., Urlings B.A.P., Lipman L.J.A., Snijders J., Keuzenkamp D.,Verheijden J.H.M.,Van Knapen F., 2001. Effect of fermented feed on the microbial population of the gastrointestinal tracts of pigs. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67, 3071-3076
  • Vidotti R., Viegas E., Carneiro D., 2003. Amino acid composition of processed fish silage using different raw materials. Anim. Feed Sci.Tech.105, 199-204
  • Zahar M., Benkerroum N., Guerouali A., Baou S., Alahiane L., 2002. Biological ensiling of sardine wastes in sugarcane molasses for their valorization in animal feeding: Microbiological study. In: Proceedings of International Symposium on Environmental Pollution Control and Waste Management, Tunis (EPCOWM’2002), pp. 304-311


rekord w opracowaniu

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.