Refraction defects in the second year dentistry students in Silesian Medical School
The aim of the study was to evaluate prevalence and risk factors of sight defects in students of dentistry using a questionnaire and base-line eye examination. Myopia was observed in 44 (50,00 %) students, hypermetropia in 3 (3,41%) students. None of spherical refraction defects was observed in 41 (46,59%) examined. There were 34 (77,27%) women and 10 (22,73%) men in the group with the diagnosed myopia. Observed myopia was qualified as low or medium grade. The low grade myopia was diagnosed in 38 students (86,36%) and the medium grade in 6 cases (13,64%). In 11 (25,00%) cases it was noticed for the first time. The statistical analysis indicated familial occurance of refraction defect in subjects.