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2010 | 09 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

The effects of different pruning treatments on the growth, fruit quality and yield of 'Hacihaliloglu' apricot

Warianty tytułu
PL
Wpływ różnych zabiegów cięcia na wzrost, jakość i plon owoców moreli ‘Hacihaliloglu’
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This study was conducted in Malatya, between 1999 and 2003, and the region's most important dried apricot variety, Hacihaliloglu was used as material. In the study, the effect of 5 different combined or alone pruning treatments on the growth, fruit quality and yield characteristics were determined in comparison with non-pruned trees. Pruning treatments in different periods did not statistically affect phenological features and fruit dimensions but strongly affected total soluble solid and fruit firmness of Hacihaliloglu apricot cultivar. The highest average yield considering trunk cross-sectional area was obtained as 0.34 kg·cm-2 from pre-harvest summer pruning treatment and the highest share of flower bud was observed as 68.29% in pre-harvest summer+winter pruning treatment. Pruning applications significantly affected both shoot diameter and length. The highest shoot diameter and length were obtained from pre-harvest summer+winter pruning application as 8.52 mm and 77.84 cm, respectively. The highest leaf area was determined as 39.43 cm2 in post harvest pruning treatment.
PL
Badanie przeprowadzono w miejscowości Malatya w latach 1999–2003 na najważniejszej w regionie odmianie moreli do suszenia, Hacihaliloglu. W badaniu określono wpływ 5 różnych zabiegów cięcia na wzrost, jakość owoców oraz plonowanie w porównaniu z drzewami nieprzycinanymi. Zabiegi cięcia w różnych okresach nie wpłynęły w sposób istotny na cechy fenologiczne ani rozmiary owoców, natomiast wywarły silny wpływ na zawartość ekstraktu w soku oraz jędrność owoców moreli odmiany Hacihaliloglu. Najwyższy średni plon, 0,34 kg·cm-2 przy uwzględnieniu powierzchni przekroju poprzecznego pnia osiągnięto przy letnim przycinaniu po zbiorze owoców, a największy udział pąków – 68,29%, – zaobserwowano przy przedzbiorczym zabiegu cięcia lato+zima. Zastosowanie cięcia istotnie wpłynęło zarówno na średnicę pędów jak i ich długość. Największą średnicę i długość pędów, odpowiednio 8,52 mm i 77,84 cm, otrzymano stosując przedzbiorcze cięcie lato+zima. Największą powierzchnię liścia, 39,43 cm2 uzyskano przy pozbiorczym zabiegu cięcia.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
09
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.183-192,ref.
Twórcy
  • Malatya Fruit Research Institute, 44110 Malatya, Turkey
autor
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Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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