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2011 | 64 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) flowering affected by foliar nitrogen application

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
Kwitnienie bazylii pospolitej pod wpływem dolistnego stosowania azotu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aromatic and curative properties of basil are connected with the presence of essential oil, mainly in the leaves and flowers. Herb yield and the quality of basil oil are related to the effect of genetic, ontogenetic and environmental factors. In the studies conducted in the years 2008-2009, the effect of basil cultivar and foliar feeding upon selected flowering features was examined. In an unheated plastic tunnel, plants of Kasia, Wala, Genua Star and Opal cultivars were grown. Foliar feeding was done by the application of 0.5% urea solution or by spraying the plants with water. During harvest the characteristic features of flowering were determined, i.e. the number and length of inflorescences, as well as the number of verticils and flowers per inflorescence. A vast differentiation was demonstrated in flowering of sweet basil plants of the examined cultivars. The most inflorescences were formed by the plants of the Polish cultivar Kasia, compared to the remaining ones. The longest inflorescences with the highest number of flowers in the main inflorescence were found in ‘Genua Star’. Foliar feeding of the plants with nitrogen caused a significant increase of inflorescence number, but it did not significantly affect the remaining features of basil flowering.
PL
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
64
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.57-63,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
  • Department of Vegetable Growing and Medicinal Plants, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Leszczynskiego 58, 20-068 Lublin, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • Nur z y ń s k a -Wi e r d a k R . 2002. Evaluation of growth and yield of two forms of sweet basil grown from seeds and transplants. Folia Hort. 14/2: 169-175.
  • Nur z y ń s k a -Wi e r d a k R . 2007a. Evaluation of morphological and developmental variability and essentials oil composition of selected basil cultivars. Herba Pol. 53, (3): 255-261.
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  • Nur z y ń s k a -Wi e r d a k R . 2011a. Basil herb yield and chemical composition depending on cultivar and foliar fertilization with nitrogen. Acta Sci. Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 10 (1): 207-219.
  • Nur z y ń s k a -Wi e r d a k R . 2011b. Dynamics of growth of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) in dependence on the foliar fertilization with nitrogen. Acta Sci. Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 10 (2) (in press).
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  • S i f o l a M. I . , Ba r b i e r i G. 2006. Growth, yield and essentials oil content of three cultivars of basil grown under different levels of nitrogen in the field. Sci. Hort. 108: 408-413.
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  • Te s i R . , C h i s c i G ., N e n c i n i A . , Ta l l a r i c o R . 1995. Growth response to fertilization of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). International Symposium on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Acta Hort. 390: 93-96.
  • Zh e l j a z kov V. I . , C a nt r e l l C .L. , E b e l h a r M .W. , Rowe D. E . , C o k e r C . 2008. Productivity, oil content and oil composition of sweet basil as a function of nitrogen and sulphur fertilization. HortScience, 43 (5): 1415-1422.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.dl-catalog-43df845d-43f8-42f4-82d8-ddc375436fb5
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