Obstetric complications, age of parents and a risk for schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is an etiologically complex disorder arising from the interactions between and a range of factors acting at various stages in life. Despite the 70 year history in scientific literature describing the correlation between obstetric complications as a risk factor for schizophrenia it is still the subject of many research studies. A relatively new trend in research is to analyze the ages of the mother, father and the occurrence of this disease. The aim of this research, based on a review of literature, was to present the current level of knowledge relating to these topics while taking into account the factors for three groups of obstetric complications: I - complications during pregnancy (preeclampsia, bleeding, diabetes, rhesus incompatibility, hypertension with diuretic treatment); II - abnormal fetal development (low birth weight, congenital malformations, reduced head circumference); and III - complications during delivery (uterine atony, asphyxia, emergency Cesarean section).