PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 05 |
Tytuł artykułu

Preliminary studies on insect pest incidence on tomato in Bama, Borno State, Nigeria

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This study assessed the insect pest infestation of tomato during 2011 and 2012 in three localities namely Bula Kuliye, Kajeri and Soye of Bama Local Government Area, Borno State, Nigeria. Fifty plants were randomly checked per farmers’ field for insect pest recovery and count. Sampling was carried out in five to nine farmers’ fields per locality. With 38-52 %, 9-62 %, 13-39 % and 5-9 % species composition respectively across localities, Helicoverpa armigera Hubner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) followed by Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) were more predominant insect pests of tomato in these localities over Tetranychus sp. (Acari: Tetranichidae) and Spodoptera litoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Total proportion of infested tomato plants per farmers’ field ranged from 19-36 %, and was significantly higher in Bula Kuliye and Kajeri than in Soye. Total number of insect pests per plant/leave and bored fruits per farmers’ field fell between 2-5 and 21-35, and likewise, was higher in Bula Kuliye and Kajeri than in Soye. Although tomato plant infestation and fruit damage were found to be moderate or high in these localities, future studies on the bionomics or population dynamics of these insects remain essential for establishing their economic status.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
05
Opis fizyczny
p.45-54,ref.
Twórcy
  • Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Borno State, Nigeria
autor
  • Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Borno State, Nigeria
autor
  • Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Borno State, Nigeria
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B.1069, Borno State, Nigeria
  • Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Borno State, Nigeria
Bibliografia
  • [1] Aja, C. (2012). Tomato, The wonder fruit. Manufacturing Today. Available at: http://manufacturingtoday.com.ng/2013/04/16/tomato-the-wonder-fruit_3.pdf. (Accessed on 1st July, 2013).
  • [2] Alamu, J.F. (1996). Marketing of fadama tomatoes, pepper and onions. A case study of Kano and Jigawa States of Nigeria. PhD Thesis. Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
  • [3] ATA (2012). Overview of Tomato production and ATA intervention in Nigeria. Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA). Available at: http://www.fmard.gov.ng/index.php/issues-in-agriculture/95-overview-of-tomato-production-and-ata-intervention. (Accessed on 25th July, 2013).
  • [4] BOSG (2013). Toursim and investment opportunities in Borno State, Volume 2. Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Available at: http://bornostate.gov.ng/BS_Tourism_ and_Investment_Opportunities.pdf. (Accessed on 23rd July, 2013).
  • [5] Denton, O.A. and Swarup, V., Tomato cultivation and its potential in Nigeria. Acta Horticulturae 123 (1983) 257-263.
  • [6] Gambo, B.A., Yerima, F.A.K., Arjinoma, M. and Doro, A.K. (2008). Horticultural practices at the shores of Lake Chad. Journal of Sustainable Development in Agriculture and Environment, 3: 71-79 .
  • [7] Hudu, A.I., Futuless, K.N. and Gworgwor, N.A. (2002). Effects of mulching intensity on the growth and yield of irrigated tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) and weed infestation in semi-arid zone of Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 21: 37-45.
  • [8] Lale, N.E.S. (In press). Insect pest management in cultivated vegetables. In: The Socio-economic sustainability of livelihood in the Lake Chad Basin. Proceedings of the Alexander Von Humboldt Kolleg International Conference (hosted by the University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria) held at DRACC, Abuja, Nigeria, 11 – 13th December 2012.
  • [9] NPC (2006). 2006 Census Record. National Population Commission (NPC) Publication, Abuja.
  • [10] Ogunjimi, L.A.O. and Adekalu, K.O. (2002). Problems and constraints of small scale irrigation (Fadama) in Nigeria. Food Reviews International 18 (4): 295-304.
  • [11] Oikeh, S.O. and Asiegbu, J.E. (1993). Growth and yield responses of tomatoes to sources and rates of organic manures in ferralitic soils. Bioresource Technology, 45: 21-25.
  • [12] Olasantan, F.O. (1992). Vegetable production in traditional farming systems in Nigeria. Outlook on Agriculture, 21: 117-127.
  • [13] Rubatzky, V.E. and Yamaguchi, M. (1997). World vegetables: principles and nutritive values. 2nd edn. New York, USA, Chapman and Hall.
  • [14] Schippers, R.R. (2006). Traditional vegetables in Africa. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Nutritional Value and Water Use of Indigenous Crops for Improved Livelihoods. 19-20th September, University of Pretoria. [CD ROM]. The Centre for Nutrition, University of Pretoria, Pretoria.
  • [15] Sokal, R.R. and Rohlf, F.J. (2011). Biometry: the principles and practice of statistics in biological research. 4th edn. New York: W.H. Freeman and Co.
  • [16] Ssekyewa, C. (2006). Incidence, distribution and characteristics of major Tomato Leaf Curl and Mosaic Virus Diseases in Uganda. PhD-thesis. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. 233 pp.
  • [17] Umeh, V.C., Kuku, F.O., Nwanguma, E.I., Adebayo, O.S. and Manga, A.A. (2002). A survey of the insect pests and farmers’ practices in the cropping of tomato in Nigeria. Tropicultura, 20: 181-186.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-f8bb8328-a07d-4313-bc51-de19233bf6ec
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.