Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 33 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Performance, blood profile, carcass and meat traits and tissue morphology in growing rabbits fed mannanoligosaccharides and zinc-bacitracin continuously or intermittently

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The study aimed at evaluation the effect of mannanoligosaccharides (MOS) and zinc-bacitracin (ZnB) administered continuously (+) or intermittently (+/-) upon growing performance, carcass and meat traits, blood profile and tissue morphology of growing rabbits. One hundred and twenty five, 25 days-old rabbits were distributed among 5 groups fed the same basal diet: the control group did not receive any supplements; MOS+ group fed mannanoligosaccarides at 0.083 g/rabbit/day;MOS+/- group fed MOS at the same concentration as MOS+ group, but only two days/week; ZnB+group received Zinc bacitracin at 0.083 g/rabbit/day; ZnB+/- group fed ZnB at the same level as ZnB+ group but only two days/week. The experiment lasted from day 25 to 81 of life. The mortality rate in the control group (36%) was higher (P<0.05) than in MOS+/- (12%) and ZnB+ groups (12%).MOS and ZnB administered intermittently increased (P<0.01) dressing percentage as compared to the control group. The liver percentage increased (P<0.01) due to use of MOS (+ or +/-) and ZnB (+). ZnB (+ or +/-) increased (P<0.05) the protein percentage of meat as compared to the control group, while the continuative administration of MOS was able to reduce (P<0.05) the fat percentage as related to the control group. Both supplements and both administration protocols increased (P<0.01) meat tenderness and water holding capacity in respect to the control group. Continuous ZnB administration had deleterious effects on liver, kidney and ileum morphology. MOS could replace ZnB from weaning to slaughter age of rabbits without negative effects on performance and blood profiles causing no alterations in tissue morphology as compared to the control group. In addition, the MOS can be administered intermittently, reducing the production costs.
Opis fizyczny
  • Arid Land Agriculture Department, Faculty of Meteorology, Environment and Arid Land Agriculture, King Abdulaziz University, P.O.Box 80208, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
  • Department of Animal and Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Damanhour University, El-Gommohria St, Damanhour 22516, Egypt
  • Animal Production Research Institute, ARC. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, 9 Nady Al-sid St, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
  • Department of Animal and Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Damanhour University, El-Gommohria St, Damanhour 22516, Egypt
  • Arid Land Agriculture Department, Faculty of Meteorology, Environment and Arid Land Agriculture, King Abdulaziz University, P.O.Box 80208, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
  • Animal Production Research Institute, ARC. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, 9 Nady Al-sid St, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, via F.Delpino, 1, 80137 Napoli, Italy
  • A.O.A.C., 1995 – Official Methods of Analysis (13th Ed.), Association of Official Analytical Chemists Washington, DC. USA.
  • Aitken A., Casey J.C., Penny I.F., Volys C.A., 1962 – Effect of during temperature in the accelerated freezes drying of pork. Journal of Science and Food Agriculture 13, 439-443.
  • Archetti I., Titterelli C., Cerioli M., Brivio R., Grilli G., Lavazza A., 2008 –Serum chemistry and hematology values in commercial rabbits: preliminary data from industrial farms in northern Italy. Proc 9th World Rabbit Congress, Verona, Italy, 1147-1152.
  • ATTIA Y. A., HAMED R. S., ABD EL-HAMID A.E., SHAHBA H.A. BOVERA F., 2015 – Effect of inulin and mannanoligosaccharides in comparison to zinc-bacitracin on growing performance,nutrient digestibility and hematological profiles of growing rabbits. Animal Production Science 55, 80-86.
  • Bonos E.M., Christaki E.V., Florou -Paneri P.C., 2010 – Performance and carcass characteristics of Japanese quail as affected by sex or mannanoligosaccharides and calcium propionate. South Africa Journal of Animal Science 40, 173-179.
  • Bovera F., Lestingi A., Iannaccone F., Tateo A., Nizza A., 2012 – Use of dietary mannanoligosaccharides during rabbit fattening period: Effects on growth performance, feed nutrient digestibility, carcass traits, and meat quality. Journal of Animal Science 90, 3858-3866.
  • Bovera F., Marono S., Di Meo C., Piccolo G., Iannaccone F., Nizza A., 2010a –Effect of mannanoligosaccharides supplementation on caecal microbial activity of rabbits. Animal 4, 1522-1527.
  • Bovera F., Moniello G., De Riu N., Di Meo C., Pinna W., Nizza A., 2007 – Effect of diet on the metabolic profile of ostriches (Struthio camelus var. domesticus). Tropical Animal Health and Production 39, 265-270.
  • Bovera F., Nizza S., Marono S., Mallardo K., Piccolo G., Tudisco R., de Martino L., Nizza A., 2010b – Effect of mannanoligosaccharides on rabbit performance, digestibility and rectal bacterial anaerobic populations during an episode of epizootic rabbit enteropathy. World Rabbit Science 18, 9-16.
  • Chabrol E., Charonnat R., 1973 – Determination of total lipids. Press Medical 45, 1713-1720.
  • Coles E.H., 1974 – Veterinary clinical pathology. Pp.211-213 W. B. Saunder, company, Philadelphia.USA.
  • Culling C.F., 1983 – Hand book of histapathological and histochemical Techniquens. Thied Ed. Butterworth. London.
  • Doumas B.T., Bayso D.D., Carter R.J., Peters T., Schaffer R., 1981 – Determination of total serum protein. Clinical Chemistry 27, 1642-1643.
  • Falcao -e-Cunha L., Castro -Solla L., Maertens L., Marounek M., Pinheiro V., Freire J., Mourao J.L., 2007 – Alternatives to antibiotics growth promoters in rabbit feeding: a review. World Rabbit Science 15, 127-140.
  • Fonseca A.P., Falcăo L., Kocher A., Spring P., 2004 – Effects of dietary mannan oligosaccharide in comparison to oxytetracyclin of performance of growing rabbits. In: Becerril,C.M., pro, A. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Eighth world Rabbit Congress. Puebla, Mexico, pp. 829-833.
  • Ghosh H.K., Halder G., Samanta G., Koley , S., 2008 – Effect of dietary supplementation of organic acid and mann oligosaccharide on plasma mineral and carcass traits of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences 1, 44-49.
  • Guedes C.M., Mourao J.L., Silva S.R., Gomes M.J., Rodrigues M.A.M., Pinheiro V.,2009 – Effect of age and mannanoligosaccharides supplementation on production and volatile fatty acids in the caecum of rabbits. Animal Feed Science and Technology 150, 330-336.
  • Hawkey C.M., Dennett T.B., 1989 – A color atlas of comparative veterinary hematology. Wolf publishing Limited, London, England.
  • Helper O.E., 1966 – Manual of clinical laboratory methods. Thomos Spring Field .Illinois.
  • Husani S.A., Deatherage F.B., Kunlkle L.E., 1950 – Studies on meat: observations on relation of biochemical factors to change in tenderness. Feed Technology 4, 366-369.
  • Kawahara E.T., Ueda K.N., Nomura S.M., 1991 – In vitro phagocytic activity of whitespotted char blood cells after injection with Aeromonas salmonicida extra cellular products. Gyobyu KenKyu 26, 213-214.
  • Kocher A., 2006 – Interfacing GUT health and nutrition: the use of dietary pre and pro-biotics to maximizes growth performance in pigs and poultry. In D. Barug, J. de Jong, A.K. Kies, M.V.A.Verstegen (Eds), Antimicrobial growth promoters.
  • Lucky Z., 1977 – Methods for the diagnosis of fish diseases. Ameruno Publishing Co, PVT, LTd.New Delhi., Bombay, New York.
  • Maisonner S., Gomez J., Bree A., Berri C., Baeza E., Carre B., 2003 – Effects of microflora status, dietary bile salts and guar gum on lipid digestibility, intestinal bile salts and histomorphology in broiler chickens. Poultry Science 82, 805-814.
  • Moniello G., Bovera F., Solinas I.L., Piccolo G., Pinna W., Nizza A., 2005 – Effect of age and blood collection site on the metabolic profile of ostriches. South African Journal of Animal Sciences 35, 268-272.
  • Mourăo J.L., Pinheiro V., Alves A., Guedes C.M., Pinto L., Saavedra M.J., Spring P., Kocher A., 2006 – Effect of mannanoligosaccharides on the performance, intestinal morphology and cecal fermentation of fatting rabbits. Animal Feed Science and Technology 126, 107-120.
  • National Research Council , 1977 – Nutrients Requirements of rabbit. 2nd rev. ed. Washington. D.C. National Academy Press.
  • Picard D., 2012 – Preface to Hsp90. Biochemistry and Biophysiology Acta 1823, 605-606.
  • Piccolo G., Bovera F., Di Meo C., Vella N., Cutrignelli M.I., Nizza A., 2009 –Mannanoligosaccharides as growth promoter in finishing rabbit: effect on in vivo performance and carcass traits. Italian Journal of Animal Science 8, 796-798.
  • Pinheiro V., Guedes C.M., Outor -Monteiro D., Mourao J.L., 2009 – Effect of fibre level and dietary mannanoligosaccharides on digestibility, caecal volatile fatty acids and performances of growing rabbits. Animal Feed Science and Technology 148, 288-300.
  • Pinherio V., Mourăo J.L., Alves A., Rodringues M., Saavedra M.J., 2004 - Effects of Zinc bacitracin on performance, Digestibility and caecal development of growing rabbits. 8th World Rabbit Congress. Puebla Mexico, pp. 942-947.
  • Reinhold R.R., 1953 - Determination of serum albumin. Clinical Chemistry 21, 1370-1372.
  • Reitman M.A., Frankle A.F., 1957 – Determination of liver enzymes. Clinical Chemistry 21,1234-1237.
  • SAS Institute, 2002 – SAS/STAT User’s guide statistics. SAS Institute INC., Cary, NC, USA.
  • Sherief M., Abdel -Raheem M., Leitgeb R., Iben C., 2011 – Effects of dietary inclusion level of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) from wheat and corn on amino acid digestibilities in broilers. International Journal of Poultry Science 10, 952-958.
  • Spring P., Wenk C., Dawson K.A., Newman K.E., 2000 – The effects of dietary mannanoligosaccharides on caecal parameters and the concentrations of enteric bacteria in the ceca of salmonella-challenged broiler chicks. Poultry Science 79, 205–211.
  • Tietz N.W., 1982 – Fundamental of clinical chemistry. Edition by Norbert Sounder Company, Philadelphia, USA.
  • Volovinskaia V.P., Kelman B.Y. 1962 – Modification of the water holding capacity method of meat. Feed Industries 11, 80-87.
  • Watson D., 1960 – A simple method for the determination of serum cholesterol. Clinical Chemistry Acta 5, 637-640.
  • Wintrobe P.M., 1965 – Clinical hematology. Lead and Febiger Philadelphia, USA.
  • Yalcinkaya I., Çýnar M., Yýldýrým E., Erat S, Baţalan M., Güngör T., 2012 –The effect of prebiotic and organic zinc alone and in combination in broiler diets on the performance and some blood parameters. Italian Journal of Animal Science 11, 298-302.
  • Yang Y., Iji P.A., Choct M., 2007 – Effects of different dietary levels of mannanoligosaccharide on growth performance and gut development of broiler chickens. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science 20, 1084-1091.
  • Zhang A.W., Lee B.D., Lee S.K., Lee K.W., An G.H., Song K.B., Lee C.H., 2005 – Effects of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) cell components on growth performance, meat quality, and ileal mucosa development of broiler chicks. Poultry Science 84, 1015-1021.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.