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2006 | 48 |
Tytuł artykułu

Przerzedzanie zawiązków owocowych śliwy Prunus domestica L. odmiany Stanley z zastosowaniem soli potasowej kwasu alfa naftylooctowego

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Warianty tytułu
EN
Fruit thinning on plum trees Prunus domestica L. variety Stanley using potassium salt of alpha-naphtaleneacetic acid
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
Two-year-old Stanley plum trees were sprayed with solution of potassium salt of alphanaphtaleneacetic acid (NAA). The treatment was repeated at two dates on two groups of trees. The first treatment was conducted by the end of the blooming period after the flowers were fertilized; the second treatment took place 10 days later. The concentrations of NAA varied from 30-80 mg dmˉ³. The percentage of fruit setting, total yield, weight of fruit and extract content were evaluated. Little effects of the applied NAA concentrations on the percentage fruit setting or the total yield were recorded. A higher average weight of fruit was noted in the case of higher concentrations of auxin applied at the first treatment date. A slight effect of the auxin was also recorded in the extract content in fruit.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
48
Opis fizyczny
s.97-105,tab.,bibliogr.
Twórcy
  • Katedra Sadownictwa, Akademia Rolnicza, al.29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków
autor
  • Katedra Sadownictwa, Akademia Rolnicza, al.29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków
Bibliografia
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  • Bukovac M.J., Neilsen J.C., Hull J. 1997. Cropping and fruit growth in Redchief 'Delicious': an ana­lysis of the effect on NAA and cytokinins. HortScience 32: 524.
  • Bukovac M.J., Hull J., Neilsen J.C., Schroeder M., Noga G. 1998. Interaction between CPPU and NAA on fruit thinning and fruit development in selected apple cultivars. HortScience 33: 513.
  • Burkholder C.L., McCown M. 1941. Effect of scoring and of A-naphthyl acetic acid and amide spray upon fruit set and of the spray upon pre-harvest drop. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 38: 117-120.
  • Curry E.A. 1991. NAA-induced ethylene and ACC in 'Delicious' spur tissues: changes with tempe­rature and time. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 116: 846-850.
  • Erdös Z., Suranyi D. 1994. Importance of the rootstock in productivity if five varieties. Acta Hort. 395: 243-248.
  • Erner Y., Kaplan Y., Bracha A., Hamon M. 1993. Increasing fruit size using auxin and potassium. Acta Hort. 329: 112-119.
  • Garriz P.I., Colavita G.M., Alvarez H.L., Alvarez A.J. 1999. Influence of late thinning with NAA and Carbaryl in the apple cultivar Braeburn. HortScience 34: 495.
  • Greene D.W. 1999. Predicting fruit set and evaluating the effects of chemical thinners on apples. HortScience 34: 534.
  • Jacob H.B. 1994. Ertrag und Qualitaet bei Pflaumen und Zwetschen. I. Optimale Ertragsbildung. Erwerbsobstbau 36: 93-96.
  • Jacob H.B. 1997. Fruit regulation in plum, prunes and damson. IV Inter. Symp. on Plum and Prune Genetics, Breeding and Pomology. Acta Hort. 478: 127-136
  • Jones K.M., Bound S.A., Oakford M.J., Koen T.B. 1992. Control of pudding spot in Crofton apple. Australian J. Exp. Agric. 32: 503-506.
  • Jones K.M., Bound S.A., Oakford M.J. 1994. Combining ethephon and naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) in one spray to thin 'Golden Delicious' apples. New Zeland J. Crop. Hort. Sci. 22: 203-207.
  • Kemp H. 1998. Screening of plums and prunes for fresh consumption, 1988-1997. Acta Hort. 478: 207-217.
  • Lakso A.N., Robinson T.L., Stover E.W., Stiles W.C., Hoying S., Iungerman K., Telgheder C., Watkins C., Silsby K. 1997. Multi-site thinning comparisons with 'Empire' and 'McIntosh' ap­ples. HortScience 32: 524.
  • Lal B.B., Thakur D.R. 1978. Effect of NAA and 2,4,5-T on thinning and quality of Santa Rosa plum. Haryana J. Hort. Sci. 7: 21-24.
  • Lott R.V., Simons R.K. 1966. Sequential Development of Floral Tube and Style Abscission in the Montmorency Cherry Prunus cerasus L. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 88: 208-218.
  • McArtney S.J., Wells G.H. 1995. Chemical thinning of Asian and European pear with ethephon and NAA. New Zealand J. Crop, and Hort. Sci. 23, 1: 73-84.
  • McCormick A.C. 1933. Control of biennial bearing in apples. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 30: 326-329.
  • Pfammatter W., Dessimoz A. 1999. Chemical thinning of Royal Gala and Braeburn apple varieties. Revue Suisse de Viticulture d'Arboriculture et d'Horticulture 31: 299-302.
  • Pietranek A., Jadczuk E., Basak A. 2000. Porównanie skuteczności BA i NAA w przerzedzaniu zawiązków owocowych i ich wpływ na plonowanie jabłoni odmiany 'Jonagold' i 'Šampion'. Rocz­niki AR, Poznań 31: 409-413.
  • Schönherr J., Baur P., Uhlig B.A. 2000. Rates of cuticular penetration of 1-naphthylacetic acid (NAA) as affected by adjuvants, temperature, humidity and water quality. Plant Growth Regul. 31: 61-74.
  • Scorza R., Fogle H.W. 1999. 'Bluebyrd' plum. HortScience 34: 1129-1130.
  • Tromp J. 2000. Flower-bud formation in pome fruits as affected by fruit thinning. Plant Growth Regul. 31: 27-34.
  • Webster A.D., Goldwin G.K. 1981. The hormonal requirements for improved fruit setting of plum, Prunus domestica L. cv. Victoria. J. Hort. Sci. 56: 27-40.
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  • Wieniarska J., Basak A., Murawska D., Szember E. 2000. Wstępne wyniki badań z porównania środków użytych do przerzedzania zawiązków śliw. Zesz. Nauk. ISiK, Skierniewice 8: 1-9.
  • Wood B.W. 1983. Fruit thinning of Pecan with Ethephon. HortScience 18: 53-54.
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Bibliografia
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