Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2019 | 28 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Wastewater treatment plants as a source of bioaerosols

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
This study presents the results of bioaerosol analyses conducted in the area of 9 wastewater treatment plants (WTTPs) in the Wielkopolska Region (Poland) with different capacities (from 500 to 200,000 m3/day). The abundance of mesophilic and psychrophilic bacteria, Staphylococcus, Actinobacteria, Pseudomonas fluorescens, coliform bacteria, and microscopic fungi in different plant sites and the control site were analysed. Microscopic fungi exhibited the highest contribution to air contamination and their highest median value was found in WWTP No. 5, which reached 6,700 colony forming units (CFU/m3) of air. Psychrophiles and mesophiles were the most abundant bacterial groups. It was established that the highest concentration of bioaerosols was observed during the mechanical treatment of wastewater at sewage sludge treatment sites and near bioreactors. The Rav parameter, which represents the ratio of average annual microbial abundance in the air to the average annual microbial abundance in the background at the control site, was a very good indicator of air contamination rate. This parameter may be analysed with respect to bacteria (Rav B), microscopic fungi (Rav F), and all microorganisms (Rav M).
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Institute of Environmental Engineering, Poznan University of Technology, Poznan, Poland
  • 1. Kulig A. Impact of municipal facilities on the environment and their evaluation. Problemy Ocen Środowiskowych, 1 (4), 43, 1999.
  • 2. Carducci a., Tozzi e., Rubulotta e., Casini b., Cantiani l., Rovini e., Muscillo m., PACINI R. Assessing airborne biological hazard from urban wastewater treatment. Water Res., 34 (4), 1173, 2000.
  • 3. Filipkowska z., Janczukowicz w., Krzemieniewski m, Pesta j. Microbiological air pollution of the surrounding of Waste Water Treatment Plant with activated-sludge aerated by horizontal rotors. Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 9 (4), 273, 2000.
  • 4. Thorn j., Beijer l., Jonsson t., Rylander r. Measurement strategies for the determination of airborne bacterial endotoxin in sewage treatment plants. Ann. Occup. Hyg., 46 (6), 549, 2002.
  • 5. Górny r.l. Biological aerosols – a role of hygienic standards in the protection of environment and health. Med. Srod., 13 (1), 41, 2010.
  • 6. Ye l., Zhang t. Pathogenic bacteria in sewage treatment plants as revealed by 454 pyrosequencing. Environ. Sci. Technol., 45 (17), 7173, 2011.
  • 7. Korzeniewska e. Emission of bacteria and fungi in the air from wastewater treatment plants – a review. Front. Biosci. (Schol. Ed.), 3, 393, 2011.
  • 8. Kołwzan b., Jadczyk p., Pasternak g., Głuszczak j., Pawlik m., Krawczyńska m., Klein j., RYBAK J. Assessing Air Quality in the Proximity of a Municipal Sewage Treatment Plant: A Case Study. Ochr. Sr., 34 (2), 9, 2012.
  • 9. Michalak a., Pawlas k. Influence of biological aerosol from wastewater treatment plants on workers and the local residents health – literature review. Med. Srod., 15 (4), 116, 2012.
  • 10. Duquenne P., Marchand g., Duchaine c. Measurement of endotoxins in bioaerosols at workplace: A critical review of literature and a standardization issue. Ann. Occup. Hyg., 57 (2), 137, 2012.
  • 11. Forestier d., Lecornet É., Mosqueron l., Lambolez l. Exposure to bioaerosols for wastewater treatment plant workers: Prioritization of the areas and tasks involving the greatest exposure, and prevention. Environ. Risque. Sante, 11 (2), 137, 2012.
  • 12. Sialve b., Gales a., Hamelin j., Wery n., Steyer j.p. Bioaerosol emission from open microalgal processes and their potential environmental impacts: what can be learned from natural and antropogenic aquatic anvironments? Curr. Opin. Biotechnol., 33, 279, 2015.
  • 13. ADAMUS-BIAŁEK W., WAWSZCZAK M., ŚWIERCZ A. Impact of sewage treatment plant on local environment. Proceedings of ECOpole, 9 (2), 397, 2015.
  • 14. Bawiec a., Pawęska k., Jarząb a. Changes in the microbial composition of municipal wastewater treated in biological processes. J. Ecol. Eng., 17 (3), 41, 2016.
  • 15. Tomasi c., Lupi a. Primary and secondary sources of atmospheric aerosol. Atmospheric aerosols: Life cycles and effects an air quality and climate, First Edition. Edited by Tomasi C., Fuzzi S., Kokhanovsky A., Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2017.
  • 16. Polish Standards PN-89/Z-04111/02, Air purity protection. Microbiological testig. Determination number of the bacteria in the atmospheric air (emission) with sampling by aspiration and sedimentation methods, National Standards Body in Poland, Warsaw, 1989.
  • 17. Polish Standards PN-89/Z-04111/03, Air purity protection. Microbiological testig. Determination number of the fungi in the atmospheric air (emission) with sampling by aspiration and sedimentation methods, National Standards Body in Poland, Warsaw, 1989.
  • 18. Kulig A. Measurement-calculation methods in the environmental impact assessments of the municipal infrastructure, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, 2004 [In Polish].
  • 19. KRUCZALAK K., OLAŃCZUK-NEYMAN K. Microorganisms in the air over wastewater treamtment plants. Pol J Environ Stud., 13 (5), 537, 2004.
  • 20. FATHI S., HAJIZADEH Y., NIKAEEN M., GORBANI M. Assessment of microbial aerosol emissions in an urban wastewater treatment plant operated with activated sludge process. Aerobiologia, 33, 507, 2017.
  • 21. KRISTANTO G.A., ROSANA F.N. Analysis of Microbial Air Quality in the Surrounding Hospital’s Wastewater Treatment Plants in Jakarta, Indonesia. MATEC Web of Conferences, 138, 08004, 2017.
  • 22. LI Y., YANG L., MENG Q., QIU X., FENG Y. Emission characteristics of microbial aerosols in a municipal sewage treatment plant in Xi’an, China. AAQR, 13, 343, 2013.
  • 23. AZEVEDO M.L.R.S., COUTO M.A.P.G., LEITE S.G.F., AZEVEDO B.R.S., ALMEIDA P.A., PROCÓPIO A.S., SILVA S.A. Evaluation of air samplers systems in the monitoring of bioaerosols at wastewater treatment plants. IJENS, 14 (3), 48, 2014.
  • 24. KERMANI M., DEHGHANI A., FARZADKIA M., ASL F.B., ZEINALZADEH D. Assessment of bioaerosol contamination in an urban wastewater treatment plant in Tehran, Iran. Journal of Air Pollution and Health, 1 (3), 161, 2016.
  • 25. SZYŁAK-SZYDŁOWSKI M., KULIG A., MIAŚKIEWICZ-PĘSKA E. Seasonal changes in the concentrations of airborne bacteria emitted from a large wastewater treatment plant. Int Biodeter Biodegr, 115, 11, 2016.
  • 26. Gotkowska-Płachta a., Filipkowska z., Korzeniewska e., Janczukowicz w., Dixon b., Gołaś i., Szwalgin d. Airborne Microorganisms Emitted from Wastewater Treatment Plant Treating Domestic Wastewater and Meat Processing Industry Wastes. Clean Soil Air Water, 41 (5), 429, 2013.
  • 27. VÍTĔZOVÁ M., VITEZ T., MLEJNAKOVÁ H., LOŠÁK T. Microbial contamination of the air at the wastewater treatment plant. Acta Univ. Agric. Silvic. Mendelianae Brun., 60 (3), 233, 2012.
  • 28. Heinonen -Tanski h., Reponen t., Koivunen j. Airborne enteric coliphages and bacteria in sewage treatment plants. Water Res., 43 (9), 2558, 2009.
  • 29. Niazi s., Hassanvand m.s., Mahvi a.h., Nabizadeh r., Alimohammadi m., Nabavi s., Faridi s., DEHGHANI A., HOSEINI M., MORADIJOO M., MOKAMEL A., KASHANI H., YARALI N., YUNESIAN M. Assessment of bioaerosol contamination (bacteria and fungi) in the largest urban wastewater treatment plant in the Middle East. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 22 (20), 16014, 2015.
  • 30. Kowalski m., Wolan y j., Pastuszka j.s., Płaza g., Wlazło a., Ulfig k., Malina a. Characteristics of airborne bacteria and fungi in some Polish wastewater treatment plants. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 14, 2181, 2017.
  • 31. Teixeira j.v., Miranda s., Monteiro r.a.r., Lopes f.v.s., Madureira j., Silva g.v., Pestana n., PINTO E., VILAR V.J., BOAVENTURA R.A. Assessment of indoor airborne contamination in a wastewater treatment plant. Environ. Monit. Assess., 185 (1), 59, 2013.
  • 32. Guo x., Wu p., Ding w., Zhang w., Li l. Reduction and characterization of bioaerosols in a wastewater treatment station via ventilation. J. Environ. Sci., 26, 1575, 2014.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.