Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników


2014 | 22 | 3 |

Tytuł artykułu

Cepaea nemoralis (L.) in Goteborg, S.W. Sweden: variation in a recent urban invader

Treść / Zawartość

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



Although present since the mid 19th century, the introduced snail species Cepaea nemoralis has spread extensively in Göteborg, mainly in the last two decades. Early samples show the predominance of yellow-shelled morphs, but in modern populations pink shells predominate. There is great variation in morph frequencies among modern populations with high values of F ST , and with no relationships to habitat. The patterns shown resemble those seen in Sheffield (UK), a city also colonised over a similar time period, but differ from those seen in regions where the species has been established for much longer. The combination of early and recent records suggests not only that founder effects play a large part in determining morph frequencies, but that present populations derive from multiple colonisations from different sources.

Słowa kluczowe









Opis fizyczny



  • Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield , Sheffield S10 2TN, U.K.
  • Department of Zoology, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, U.K.
  • AstraZeneca, Pepparedsleden, 431 83 Molndal, Sweden
  • Section of Invertebrate Zoology, Goteborg Natural History Museum, P.O.Box 7283, SE-40235 Goteborg, Sweden
  • Department of Botany and Zoology, Masaryk University, Kotlarska 2, CZ-611 37 Brno, Czech Republic


  • Arnaud J. F., Madec L., Bellido A., Guiller A. 1999. Microspatial genetic structure in the land snail Helix aspersa (Gastropoda: Pulmonata). Heredity 83: 110–119.
  • Bellido A., Madec L., Arnaud J. F., Guiller A. 2002. Spatial structure of shell polychromatism in populations of Cepaea nemoralis: new techniques for an old debate. Heredity 88: 75–82. sj.hdy.6800012
  • Cain A. J., Currey J. D. 1963. Area effects in Cepaea. Philos. T. Roy. Soc. B. 246: 1–81. rstb.1963.0001
  • Cameron R. A. D., Cook L. M. 2013. Temporal morph frequency changes in sand-dune populations of Cepaea nemoralis (L.). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 108: 315–322. http://
  • Cameron R. A. D., Cook L. M., Greenwood J. J. D. 2013. Change and stability in a steep morph-frequency cline in the snail Cepaea nemoralis (L.) over 43 years. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 108: 473–483. j.1095-8312.2012.02033.x
  • Cameron R. A. D., Dillon P. 1984. Habitat stability, population histories and patterns of variation in Cepaea. Malacologia 25: 271–290.
  • Cameron R. A. D., Ożgo M., Horsák M., Bogucki Z. 2011. At the north-eastern extremity: variation in Cepaea nemoralis (L) around Gdańsk, northern Poland. Biologia 66: 1097–1113. s11756-011-0128-9
  • Cameron R. A. D., Pannett D. J. 1985. Interaction between area effects and variation with habitat in Cepaea. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 24: 365–379. http://dx.doi. org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.1985.tb00382.x
  • Cameron R. A. D., Pokryszko B. M., Horsák M. 2009. Contrasting patterns of variation in urban populations of Cepaea (Gastropoda: Pulmonata): a tale of two cities. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 97: 27–39. http://dx.doi. org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2008.01187.x
  • Cook L. M. 1998. A two-stage model for Cepaea polymorphism. Philos. T. Roy. Soc. B. 353: 1577–1593. http://
  • Cook L. M. 2008. Variation with habitat in Cepaea nemoralis: the Cain & Sheppard diagram. J. Mollus. Stud. 74: 239–243.
  • Cook L. M. 2014. Morph frequency in British Cepaea nemoralis: what has changed in half a century? J. Mollus. Stud. 80: 43–46.
  • Cowie R. H., Jones J. S. 1987. Ecological interactions between Cepaea nemoralis and Cepaea hortensis: competition, invasion but no niche displacement. Funct. Ecol. 2: 91– 97.
  • Jones J. S., Leith B. H., Rawlings P. 1977. Polymorphism in Cepaea: a problem with too many solutions? Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 8: 109–143.
  • Jones J. S., Selander R. K., Schnell G. D. 1980. Patterns of morphological and molecular polymorphism in the land snail Cepaea nemoralis. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 14: 359–387. tb00114.x
  • Lohmander H. 1923. Göteborgstraktens land – och sötvattensmollusker. In: Nordenskjöld O., Wallén A., Pettersson H., Munthe H., Johansson H. E., Sandegren R., Sernander R., Skottsberg C., Jägerskiöld L. A. (eds). Göteborgstraktens Natur. Göteborgs Litografiska Aktiebolag, Göteborg, pp. 421– 466.
  • MalmA. W. 1851. Zoologiska observationer. § 8. Om Svenska Landt – och Söttvattens Mollusker, med särskilt afseende på de arter och former, som förekomma i grannskapet af Christianstad (C) och Götheborg (G). Götheborgs Kongl. Vetenskaps – och Vitterhets – Samhälles Handlingar N.F. 2: 111–131.
  • Meeuse A. D. J. 1968. Different phenotypic variation of the snails Cepaea nemoralis and C. hortensis in a “mixed” population in southern Sweden. Beaufortia 15: 155–159.
  • Ożgo M. 2005. Cepaea nemoralis (L.) in southeastern Poland: association of morph frequencies with habitat. J. Mollus. Stud. 71: 93–103. mollus/eyi012
  • Ożgo M. 2008. Current problems in the research of Cepaea polymorphism. Folia Malacol. 16: 55–60.
  • Ożgo M. 2011. Rapid evolution in unstable habitats; a success story of the polymorphic land snail Cepaea nemoralis (Gastropoda: Pulmonata). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 102: 251–262. 8312.2010.01585.x
  • Ożgo M. 2014. Rapid evolution and the potential for evolutionary rescue in land snails. J. Mollus. Stud. (in press).
  • Ożgo M., Bogucki Z. 2011. Colonization, stability, and adaptation in a transplant experiment of the polymorphic land snail Cepaea nemoralis (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) at the edge of its geographical range. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 104: 462–470. j.1095-8312.2011.01732.x
  • Ożgo M., Kinnison M. T. 2008. Contingency and determinism during convergent contemporary evolution in the polymorphic land snail, Cepaea nemoralis. Evol. Ecol. Res. 10: 721–733.
  • Ożgo M., Schilthuizen M. 2011. Evolutionary change in Cepaea nemoralis shell colour over 43 years. Glob. Change Biol. 18: 74–81. j.1365-2486.2011.02514.x
  • Peltanová A., Dvořák L., Juřičková L. 2012. The spread of non-native Cepaea nemoralis and Monacha cartusiana (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) in the Czech Republic with comments on other land snail immigrants. Biologia 67: 384–389. 0020-2
  • PokryszkoB. M., Cameron R. A. D., Horsák M. 2012. Variation in the shell colour and banding polymorphism of Cepaea nemoralis (L.) in rural areas around Wrocław. Folia Malacol. 20: 87–98. v10125-012-0012-4
  • Proschwitz T. von 1988. Die Landschneckenfauna einiger Kulturbiotope der Stadt Göteborg (SW Schweden), mit einigen Bemerkungen zur Entwicklung des anthropochoren Faunaelementes: 1. Freilandbiotope. Malak. Abh. 13: 143–157.
  • Rangel T. F. L. V. B., Diniz-FilhoJ. A. F., Bini L. M. 2006. Towards an integrated computational tool for spatial analysis in macroecology and biogeography. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 15: 321–327. j.1466-822X.2006.00237.x
  • RCore Team2012. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna – URL
  • Schweiger O., Frenzel M., Durka W. 2004. Spatial genetic structure in a metapopulation of the land snail Cepaea nemoralis (Gastropoda: Helicidae). Mol. Ecol. 13: 3645–3655. 294X.2004.02357.x
  • Silvertown J., Cook L. M., Cameron R. A. D., Dodd M., McConway K., Jones S., Worthington J., Skelton P., Anton C., Baur B., Schilthuizen M., Fontaine B., Sattmann H., Bertorelle G., Correia M., Oliveira C., Pokryszko B. M., Ożgo M., Stalažs A., Gill E., Rammul Ü., Sólymos P., Féher Z., Juan X. 2011. Citizen science reveals unexpected continental-scale evolutionary change in a model organism. PLoS ONE 6(4): e18927. pone.0018927
  • Waldén H. W. 1986. A comprehensive account of the Late Quaternary land Mollusca in Scandinavia. Malak. Abh. 11: 105–133.
  • Waldén H. W. 1992. Changes in a terrestrial mollusc fauna (Sweden: Göteborg Region) over 50 years, by human impact and natural selection. In: Gittenberger E., Goud J. (eds). Proc. 9th Int. Malacol. Cong. Edinburgh 1986. Unitas Malacologica, Leiden: 387–402.


Rekord w opracowaniu

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.