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2015 | 22 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

An assessment of health practises among small-scale farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Objective. The study examines the personal health practices of small scale farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria. Materials and Methods. Primary data were obtained using a well-structured questionnaire which was distributed to 120 small scale farmers. Descriptive statistical techniques such as frequency count, percentages were used, as well as Pearson Product Moment correlation and analysis for empirical analysis. Results. Results revealed that more than half (55%) smoke cigarettes, about 48% drink alcohol to a very great extent, while the majority (64.5%) indicated they have not been screened to know their HIV status. On a positive note, the results further show that the majority 70%, 53.3%, 80% and 73.3% indicated that they eat a balance diet, engage in physical activity, practice safer sex, and regularly visit a health care centre, respectively. It also revealed that 77% have not attended any training on healthy living. The results of PPMC showed that the health knowledge of respondents had significant (p<0.01) influence on practices like cigarette smoking, eating a balance diet and regular visits to a health care centre. Conclusion. It was concluded that health threatening practices such as cigarette smoking and drinking alcohol among the majority of the respondents, coupled with their lack of health knowledge from health professionals, contributes to the poor health status of respondents which eventually negatively influences the labour efficiency of farmers. It is recommended that farmers should endeavour to make use of health literacy programmes introduced to them at local government level, and that the government should provide more of these health literacy programmes.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
22
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.488-490,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
autor
  • Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
Bibliografia
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  • 2. What Determines Health. Public Health Agency of Canada, 2003. http: //www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/ph-sp/phdd/determinants/index.html(access: 2011.04.24).
  • 3. Fragar L, Depczynski J. Farm Health and Safety Toolkit for Rural General Practices. Australian Centre for Agricultural Health andSafety, University of Sydney, 2009.
  • 4. Reed DB, Browning SR, Westneat SC, Kidd PS. Personal protective equipment use and safety behaviors among farm adolescents: Genderdifferences and predictors of work practices. J Rural Health. 2006;22: 314–320.
  • 5. Allsop, S. and Pidd, K. The nature of drug related harm in the workplace. In: Allsop S, Phillips M, Calogera C (eds.). Drugs and Work: Responding to alcohol and other drug problems in Australian workplaces. IPCommunications, Melbourne, 2001.pp 5–20.
  • 6. Publication of the State Planning Commission. Kwara State Planning Commission, 2004.
  • 7. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Physical Activity and Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control andPrevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and HealthPromotion, 1996.
  • 8. Edwards G, Anderson P, Babor TF, Casswell S, Ferrence R, Giesbrecht N, Godfrey C, Holder HD, Lemmens P, Makela K, Midanik LT, NorstromT, Osterberg E, Romelsjo A, Room R, Simpura J, Skog O. Alcohol policyand Public Good. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1994.
  • 9. Mutangadura G, Mukurazita D, Jackson H. A review of household and community responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa. UNAIDS report 99.39E, Geneva, 1999.
  • 10. Adeoti AI, Adeoti JO. HIV/AIDS and Farms’ Production Efficiency in Benue State, Nigeria. African Journal of Biomedical Research 2008;11: 145- 153.
  • 11. Global Strategy on Diet and Physical activity and Health. WHO Library Cataloguing-Publication data, World Health Organization, 2004.
  • 12. Writte E. Preventing Tobacco-Related Injuries and Deaths In Rural Populations. International Journal of Health Education, 1993.
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-f39714d8-742c-441b-8511-fd222412638b
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