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2014 | IV/1 |
Tytuł artykułu

The determination of heating and cooling day values using degree-day method: tomato plant example

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Based on the amount and duration of external temperature, degree day values are determined according to whether the selected equilibrium temperature is lower or higher than the air temperature. Degree day values are calculated according to the fluctuations in ambient temperature. It can be understood whether heating or cooling systems are necessary within the calculated periods. In this study, the meteorological data of Antalya region dating back many years and the temperature values suggested according to the cultivation periods of tomato in greenhouse environment have been used as material. The daily average temperature values recorded for many years have been compared with the equilibrium temperature values selected for the tomato plant thereby calculating the heating and cooling day values for each cultivation period. Tomato cultivation in greenhouses is carried out in 2 periods in the region in spring and autumn. At the end of these two periods, it was determined that the heating degree days in autumn were determined to be higher than that in spring. Whereas cooling degree days were determined to be greater for autumn cultivation in comparison with that of spring cultivation. Information regarding the energy consumption of an agricultural structure can be obtained beforehand via the heating and cooling degree day values. It has been surmised that such studies will help in making estimations regarding the energy need of various agricultural structures as well as gaining insight in the planning of the design stages that are directly related to the energy consumption of the building such as heating, cooling and ventilation.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Numer
Opis fizyczny
p.1049-1061,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Korkut Ata University, Karacaoglan Campus, 80000, Osmaniye, Turkey
autor
  • Agriculture Faculty, Suleyman Demirel University,32260, Isparta, Turkey
autor
  • Agriculture Faculty, Suleyman Demirel University,32260, Isparta, Turkey
autor
  • Directorate of Agriculture District in Karaisali, 01770, Adana Turkey
Bibliografia
  • Anonymous, 2006. Degree-days: theory and application, September 2006 The Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers, London SW12 9BS, Registered Charity Number 278104, ISBN-10: 1-903287-76-6, ISBN-13: 978-1-903287-76-7, Typeset by CIBSE Publications, pp 97, London (En).
  • Anonymous, 2012. http://www.drt.com.tr/blog/2008/03/domates-bitkisinin-genelistekleri. html (Tr)
  • Baskerville, G.L., Emin, P., 1969. Rapid estimation of heat accumulation from maximum and minimum temperatures. Ecology 50: 514–517 (En).
  • Bayram, M., Yesilata, B., 2009. Integration of Number of Heating and Cooling Degree Days, IX. National Plumbing Engineering Congress, 6-9 May, pp:425-432, Izmir (Tr).
  • Bulut, H., Büyükalaca, O., Yılmaz, T., 2000. Detailed Weather Data for Energy Analyses of Building in Adana. 6. National Congress of Cooling and Heating Technology, 13-14 April, pp:325-332, Adana (Tr).
  • Buyukalaca, O., Bulut, H., Yılmaz, T., 2001. Analysis of Variable-Base Heating And Cooling Degree-Days For Turkey, Applied Energy, 69: 269-283 (En).
  • Floyd, R.B., Braddock, R.D., 1984. A simple method for fitting averaging diurnal temperature curves. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 32: 107–119 (En).
  • Gultekin, M.L., 1995. Distribution of Degree Days in Turkey, I.T.U. Meteorological Engineering Department, Master Thesis, 157p (Tr).
  • Gultekin, M.L. Kadioglu, M., 1996. Distribution of Heating and cooling Degree Days in Marmara Region. Journal of Plumbing Engineering, July-August, 3 (33): 33-41 (Tr).
  • Ileri, A., Uner, M., 1999 Typical climatic data for the cities of Turkey, IV. National Plumbing Engineering Congress, MMO publish number : 229/1: 31-42,Izmir (Tr).
  • Krese, G., Prek, M., Butala, V., 2012. Analysis of Building Electric Energy Consumption Data Using an Improved Cooling Degree Day Method. Journal of MechanicalEngineering, 58(2): 107-114 (Tr).
  • Matzarakis, A. Balafoutis, C., 2004. Heating Degree-Days over Greece as an Index of Energy Consumption, International Journal of Climatology, 24: 1817–1828 (En).
  • Martinaitis, V., 1998. Analytic calculation of degree-days for the regulated heating season. Energy and Buildings, 28:185–189 (En).
  • McMaster, G.S., Wilhelm, W.W., 1987. Growing degree-days. One equation, two interpretations. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 87:291–300 (En).
  • Ozkan, B., Hatırlı, S.A., Oztürk, E., Aktas, A.R., 2011. Analysis of Profit Efficiency for Greenhouse Tomato Production in Antalya Province, Journal of AgriculturalSciences, 17: 34-42 (Tr).
  • Santos, F.D., Forbes, K., Moita, R., 2002. Climate Change in Portugal: Scenarios, Impact and Adaptation Measures. SAIM Project report, Gradiva, Lisbon, Portugal,pp.456 (Tr).
  • Satman, A., Yalcinkaya, N., 1999. Heating and Cooling Degree-Hours for Turkey, Energy, 24: 833-840.
  • Seniz, M., 1992. Cultivation of tomato, T. Is Bank Journal, 47p (Tr). TUIK, 2012. www.tuik.gov.tr, (Tr).
  • Ulupınar, Y., Sensoy, S., Demircan, M., Balta, I., 2012. http://www.mgm.gov.tr/ (Tr).
  • Valor, E., Meneu, V., Caselles, V., 2001. Daily air temperature and electricity load in Spain. J. Appl. Meteor., 40:1413-1421 (En).
  • Yang, S., Logan, J., Coffey, D.L., 1995. Mathematical formulae for calculating the based temperature for growing degree days. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 74:
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Bibliografia
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