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2010 | 60 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

Proximate and mineral composition of whole body , flesh and exoskeleton of male and female common West African fresh water crab Sudananautes africanus africanus

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The proximate and mineral composition of the whole body (edible parts), flesh and exoskeleton of the male and female common West African fresh water crab Sudananautes africanus africanus were determined on a dry weight basis. In the exoskeleton and flesh, the protein, fat, the percentage utilizable energy due to protein and metabolizable energy were all of higher concentration in male than in female. Among the three samples the trace elements of Co, Fe, Ni, Mn and Zn were reasonably concentrated but Cu was not detected. In all the samples the Ca/P ratio was poor with values that ranged from 0.08 to 0.20 whereas that of Na/K was high with values of 0.86 to 1.35. Fcalculated > Ftable at p<0.05 in proximate composition of male and female in exoskeleton, flesh, whole body; in mineral composition in male and female in exoskeleton, flesh, whole body; and in the mineral ratio in the flesh of male and female samples.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
60
Numer
3
Opis fizyczny
p.213-216,ref.
Twórcy
  • Chemistry Department, University of Ado-Ekiti, P.M.B. 5363, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Bibliografia
  • 1. Adeyeye E.I., Determination of chemical composition of the nutritionally valuable parts of male and female common West African fresh water crab Sudananautes africanus africanus. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr., 2002, 53, 189–196.
  • 2. Adeyeye E.I., Amino acid composition of the whole body, flesh and exoskeleton of female common West African fresh water crab Sudananautes africanus africanus. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr., 2008, 59, 699–705.
  • 3. Adeyeye E.I., Adamu A.S., Chemical composition and food properties of Gymnarchus niloticus (Trunk fish). Biosci. Biotech. Res. Asia, 2005, 3, 265–272.
  • 4. Adeyeye E.I., Ayejuyo O.O., Proximate, amino acid and mineral composition of turkey-hen muscle and skin. Orient. J. Chem., 2007, 23, 879–886.
  • 5. Adeyeye E.I., Kenni A., The relationship in the amino acid of the whole body, flesh and exoskeleton of common West African fresh water male crab Sudananautes africanus africanus. Pak. J. Nutr., 2008, 7, 748–752.
  • 6. Adeyeye E.I., Adubiaro H.O., Awodola O.J., Comparability of chemical composition and functional properties of shell and flesh of Penaeus notabilis. Pak. J Nutr., 2008, 7, 741–747.
  • 7. A.O.A.C., Official Methods of Analysis, 18th ed., 2005. AOAC International, Maryland, USA.
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  • 11. FAO/WHO/UNU. Energy and protein requirements, 1985. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation on Energy and Protein Requirements. WHO Technical Report Series 724, WHO, Geneva, pp. 71–78.
  • 12. Fornias O.V., Edible by-products of slaughter animals. 1996. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper 123, FAO, Rome, p. 9.
  • 13. Marten G.C., Andersen R.N., Forage, nutritive value and palatability of 12 common annual weeds. Crop Sci., 1975, 111, 829–837.
  • 14. Muller H.G., Tobin G., Nutrition and Food Processing. 1980, Avi Publishing, Westport, CT, p. 195.
  • 15. National Advisory Committee on Nutrition Education (NACNE), Proposal for nutritional guidelines for healthy education in Britain. 1983, Health Education Council, London.
  • 16. Nieman D.C., Butterworth D.E., Nieman C.N., Nutrition. 1992, Wm C. Brown Publishers, Dubuque, pp. 1–540.
  • 17. Paul A.A., Southgate D.A.T., McCance and Widdowsor’s The Composition of Foods, 4th edition, 1978. HMSO, London.
  • 18. Pearson D., Chemical Analysis of Foods. 1976, 7th ed., Churchill, London, pp. 7–11.
  • 19. Varian Techtron, Basic Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: A modern introduction, 1975. Varian Techtron Pty Ltd., Springvale, Australia, pp. 104–106.
  • 20. Wood J.M., Biological cycles for toxic elements in the environment. Science, 1974, 183, 1049–1052.
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Bibliografia
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