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2010 | 32 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Effect of salt stress on cucumber: Na+–K+ ratio, osmolyte concentration, phenols and chlorophyll content

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A pot experiment with 17 diverse genotypes of cucumber with four levels of salt stress viz., 0, 2, 4 and 6 dS m⁻¹ was carried out during 2006. ANOVA revealed significant differences amongst genotypes and genotype × salt stress interaction indicating the genetic variability and differential response of the genotypes to different salt stress levels. The salt stress adversely affected the biochemical parameters; effects were severe under 4 dS m⁻¹ . No genotype could survive at 6 dS m⁻¹ . Sodium content, Na⁺–K⁺ ratio, proline, reducing sugars, phenol and yield reduction (%) increased significantly as the salt stress increased. Potassium, chlorophyll, membrane stability index and fruit yield decreased significantly under salt stress in all genotypes. However, the genotypes CRC-8, CHC-2 and G-338 showed lower accumulation of sodium, lesser depletion of potassium, lower Na⁺–K⁺ ratio and higher accumulation of proline, reducing sugars, phenols, better membrane stability and lower yield reduction (%) under salt stress, while CH-20 and DC⁻¹ were sensitive to salt stress. Thus, a combination of traits such as higher membrane stability, lower Na⁺-K⁺ ratio, higher osmotic concentration and selective uptake of useful ions and prevention of over accumulation of toxic ions contribute to salt stress tolerance in cucumber. These traits would be useful selection criteria during salt stress breeding in cucumber.
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  • Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
  • Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
  • Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
  • Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
  • Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
  • Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
  • Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
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