PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2019 | 75 | 03 |
Tytuł artykułu

Wpływ paszowych preparatów fito-huminowych na wskaźniki lipidowe jaj kur towarowych

Warianty tytułu
EN
Effect of dietary phyto-humic preparations on lipids indices of commercial laying hen eggs
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of three different phyto-humic feed preparations on the basic qualitative characteristics of eggs, i.e. total cholesterol content and fatty acid profile of the yolk. The study was carried out on 80 Lohmann Brown (LB) laying hens in an experimental facility with a floor maintenance system on a straw bedding (5 layers/m2). A control group (K) and three experimental ones (A, B, C), with 20 birds in each (in separate pens), were created. The birds were placed in the 16th week of life, while the experimental preparations were introduced in the 22nd week of life and were administered for 43 weeks (constant 3% addition to the feed mixture).The following preparations were applied: humic-peat (H-t) in group A, humic-herbal (H-z) in group B, and humic-lucerne (H-1) in group C. The eggs for the study were collected three times, 30 eggs from each group in the following periods: 1st series – 31st week of life (peak of laying period); 2nd series – 54th week of life (later phase of laying period) and 3rd series – 65th week of life (final phase of laying period). Six samples (mean of 5 well-mixed yolks) from each group in three laying periods (360 eggs were used in total) were prepared for laboratory analyzes (lipids examination). Laboratory analyzes were performed using a chromatograph – Finnigan Focus PolarisQ manufactured by Thermo Electron with capillary columns: HP-88 by Agilent J&W (fatty acids) and Rtx-1MS by Restek (cholesterol). The applied phytohumic preparations – but only those with a share of dried lucerne or herbs – significantly (p ≤ 0.05) reduced total cholesterol content, especially in group C (10.88 mg/g yolk) compared to group K (11.94 mg/g yolk). All preparations positively influenced the fatty acids profile of yolk; there was a significant (p ≤ 0.05) increase in the concentration of n-3 PUFAs (max 2.84% in the group B), the n-6/n-3 ratio decreased significantly (most beneficial 8.33 in group B), and lipids quality improved: atherogenic index (AI) decreased significantly (p ≤ 0.05) in group A (0.32) and thrombogenic index (TI) was a significantly (p ≤ 0.05) lower in all experimental groups (0.83 – 0.84) compared to group K (0.36 and 0.87 respectively). Dietary phyto-humic preparations increased the nutritional and dietary value of hen eggs.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
75
Numer
03
Opis fizyczny
s.185-191,tab.,bibliogr.
Twórcy
autor
  • Katedra Higieny Środowiska i Dobrostanu Zwierząt, Wydział Biologii i Hodowli Zwierząt, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wrocławiu, ul.Chełmońskiego 38 C, 51-630 Wrocław
  • Katedra Higieny Środowiska i Dobrostanu Zwierząt, Wydział Biologii i Hodowli Zwierząt, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wrocławiu, ul.Chełmońskiego 38 C, 51-630 Wrocław
autor
  • Instytut Żywienia Zwierząt i Bromatologii, Wydział Biologii, Nauk o Zwierzętach i Biogospodarki, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, ul.Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin
autor
  • Katedra Technologii Surowców Zwierzęcych i Zarządzania Jakością, Wydział Biotechnologii i Nauk o Żywności, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wrocławiu, ul.Chełmońskiego 37, 51-630 Wrocław
  • Katedra Technologii Surowców Zwierzęcych i Zarządzania Jakością, Wydział Biotechnologii i Nauk o Żywności, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wrocławiu, ul. Chełmońskiego 37, 51-630 Wrocław
Bibliografia
  • AOAC: Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 18th Ed., Rev. 3, (Ed. W. Horowitz and G. W. Latimer, Jr.), AOAC Int., Gaithersburg, MA, USA 2010.
  • Attia Y. A., Al-Harthi M. A., Korish M. A., Shiboob M. M.: Fatty acid and cholesterol profiles, hypocholesterolemic, atherogenic, and thrombogenic indices of broiler meat in the retail market. Lipids Health Dis. 2017, 16, 40-47.
  • Attia Y. A., Al-Harthi M. A., Korish M. A., Shiboob M. M.: Fatty acid and cholesterol profiles and hypocholesterolemic, atherogenic, and thrombogenic indices of table eggs in the retail market. Lipids Health Dis. 2015, 14, 136-143.
  • Avato P., Bucci R., Tava A., Rosato A., Bialy Z., Jurzysta M.: Antimicrobial activity of saponins from Medicago sp.: structure-activity relationship. Phytother. Res. 2006, 20, 454-457.
  • Azeke M. A., Ekpo K. E.: Egg yolk cholesterol lowering effects of garlic and tea. J. Biol. Sci. 2008, 8, 456-460.
  • Bhattaram V. A., Graefe U., Kohlert C., Veit M., Derendorf H.: Pharmacokinetics and Bioavailability of Herbal Medicinal Products. Phytomedicine 2002, 9, 1-33.
  • Bodkowski R., Czyz K., Kupczynski R., Patkowska-Sokola B., Nowakowski P., Wiliczkiewicz A.: Lipid complex effect on fatty acid profile and chemical composition of cow milk and cheese. J. Dairy Sci. 2016, 99, 57-67.
  • Bubel F., Dobrzański Z., Gaweł A., Pogoda-Sewerniak K., Grela E. R.: Effect of humic-plant feed preparations on biochemical blood parameters of laying hens in deep litter housing system. Pol. J. Vet. Sci. 2015, 18, 131-139.
  • Bubel F., Dobrzański Z., Kowalska-Góralska M., Opaliński S., Trziszka T.: Effect of mineral-organic feed additives on the content of elements in raw egg material. Przem. Chem. 2013, 92, 962-965.
  • Cachaldora P., Garcia-Rebollar P., Alvarez C., De Blas C., Mendez J.: Effect of type and level of basal fat and level of fish oil supplementation on yolk fat composition and n-3 fatty acids deposition efficiency in laying hens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 2008, 141, 104-114.
  • Chen Y. C., Chen T. C.: Mineral utilization in layers as influenced by dietary oligofructose and inulin. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 2004, 3, 442-445.
  • Dobrzański Z., Górecka H., Chojnacka K., Górecka H., Synowiec M.: Effect of dietary humic preparations on the content of trace elements in hens’ eggs. Am. J. Agri. Biol. Sci. 2007, 2, 234-240.
  • Elkin R. G.: Reducing shell egg cholesterol content. I. Overview, genetic approaches, and nutritional strategies. World’s Poult. Sci. J. 2006, 62, 665-687.
  • Fernández M., Ordóñez J. A., Cambero I., Santos C., Pin C., de la Hoz L.: Fatty acid compositions of selected varieties of Spanish dry ham related to their nutritional implications. Food Chem. 2007, 101, 107-112.
  • Folch J., Lees M., Stanley G. H. S.: A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chem. 1957, 226, 497-509.
  • Francis G., Kerem Z., Makkar H. P. S., Becker K.: The biological action of saponins in animal system: as review. Br. J. Nutr. 2002, 88, 587-605.
  • Gladkowski W., Kiełbowicz G., Chojnacka A., Bobak Ł., Spychaj R., Dobrzański Z., Trziszka T., Wawrzeńczyk C.: The effect of feed supplementation with dietary sources of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, flaxseed and algae Schizochytrium sp., on their incorporation into lipid fractions of Japanese quail eggs. Int. J. Food Sci. Tech. 2014, 49, 1876-1885.
  • Gładkowski W., Kiełbowicz G., Chojnacka A., Gil M., Trziszka T., Dobrzański Z., Wawrzeńczyk C.: Fatty acid composition of egg yolk phospholipid fractions following feed supplementation of Lohmann Brown hens with humic-fat preparations. Food Chem. 2011, 126, 1013-1018.
  • Grela E. R., Ognik K., Czech A., Matras J.: Quality assessment of eggs from laying hens fed a mixture with lucerne protein concentrate. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2014, 23, 236-243.
  • Grela E. R., Pietrzak K.: Production technology, chemical composition and use of alfalfa protein-xanthophyll concentrate as dietary supplement. J. Food Proc. Technol. 2014, 10, 373-377.
  • Griffin J. E.: Manipulation of egg yolk cholesterol: A physiologist’s view. World’s Poult. Sci. J. 1992, 48, 101-112.
  • Hammershøj M., Niels F. J.: Review: The effect of grass and herbs in organic egg production on egg fatty acid composition, egg yolk colour and sensory properties. Livest. Sci. 2016, 194, 37-43.
  • Hanczakowska E., Świątkiewicz M., Grela E. G.: Effect of dietary inclusion of a herbal extract mixture and different oils on pig performance and meat quality. Meat Sci. 2015, 108, 61-66.
  • Hanczakowska E., Urbańczyk J.: Efficiency of herb mixtures as antibiotic replacers for piglets according to their age. Ann. Anim. Sci. 2002, 2, 131-138.
  • Islam K. M. S., Schuhmacher A., Gropp J. M.: Humic acid substances in animal agriculture. Pakistan J. Nutr. 2005, 4, 126-134.
  • Karaoglu M., Macit M., Esenboga N., Durdag H., Turgut L., Bilgin O. C.: Effect of supplemental humate at different levels on the growth performance slaughter and carcass traits of broilers. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 2004, 3, 406-410.
  • Khajali F., Eshraghi M., Zamani F., Fathi E.: Supplementation of exogenous enzymes to laying hen diets containing alfalfa: Influence upon performance and egg yolk cholesterol and pigmentation. Proc. 16th Eur. Symp. Poult. Nutr. WPSA Strasbourg, France 2007, s. 713-715.
  • Khaleel A. E., Gad M. Z., El-Maraghy S. A., Hifnawy M. S., Abdel-Sattar E.: Study of Hypocholesterolemic and Antiatherosclerotic Properties of Medicago sativa L. Cultivated in Egypt. J. Food Drug Anal. 2005, 13, 212-218.
  • Kocabagli N., Alp M., Acar N., Kahraman R.: The effect of dietary humate supplementation on broiler growth and carcass yield. Poult. Sci. 2002, 81, 227-230.
  • Kralik G., Škrtić Z., Suchý P., Straková E., Gajčević Z.: Feeding fish oil and linseed oil to laying hens to increase the n-3 PUFA in egg yolk. Acta Vet. Brno 2008, 77, 561-568.
  • Krawczyk J., Sokołowicz Z., Szymczyk B.: Effect of housing system on cholesterol, vitamin and fatty acid content of yolk and physical characteristics of eggs from Polish native hens. Archiv Geflügelk. 2011, 75, 151-157.
  • Krawczyk J., Sokołowicz Z., Świątkiewicz S., Koreleski J., Szefer M.: Performance and egg quality of hens from conservation flocks fed a diet containing maize distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). Ann. Anim. Sci., 2012, 12, 247-260.
  • Kucukersan S., Kucukersan K., Colpan I., Goncuoglu E., Reisli Z. Yesilbag D.: The effects of humic acid on egg production and egg traits of laying hen. Vet. Med.-Czech. 2005, 50, 406-410.
  • Laca A., Paredes B., Diaz M.: Quality characteristics of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid-enriched eggs. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2009, 18, 101-112.
  • Leporatti M. L., Ivancheva S.: Preliminary comparative analysis of medicinal plants used in the traditional medicine of Bulgaria and Italy. J. Ethnopharmacol. 2003, 87, 123-142.
  • Leskanich C. O., Noble R. C.: Manipulation of the n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of avian eggs and meat. World’s Poult. Sci. J. 1997, 53, 155-183.
  • Lien T. F., Horng Y. M., Wu C. P.: Feasibility of replacing antibiotic feed promoters with the Chinese traditional herbal medicine Bazhen in weaned piglets. Livest. Prod. Sci. 2007, 107, 97-102.
  • Management Guide (Lohmann Brown-Classic), Ed. Lohmann Tierzucht GmbH, Cuxhaven, Germany 2010.
  • Michalak I., Chojnacka K., Dobrzański Z., Górecki H., Zielińska A., Korczyński M., Opaliński S.: Effect of macroalgae enriched with microelements on egg quality parameters and mineral content of eggs, eggshell, blood, feathers and droppings. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 2012, 95, 374-387.
  • Murray R. K., Granner D. K., Mayes P. A., Rodwell V. W.: Biochemia Harpera. Wyd. Lek. PZWL, Warszawa 2002.
  • Ognik K., Cholewińska E., Sembratowicz I., Grela E. R., Czech A.: The potential of using plant antioxidants to stimulate antioxidant mechanisms in poultry. World’s Poult. Sci. J. 2016, 72, 291-298.
  • Opaliński S., Dolińska B., Korczyński M., Chojnacka K., Dobrzański Z., Ryszka F.: Effect of iodine-enriched yeast supplementation of diet on performance of laying hens, egg traits and egg iodine content. Poult. Sci. 2012, 91, 1627-1632.
  • Pajk T., Rezar V., Levart A., Salobir J.: Efficiency of apples, strawberries, and tomatoes for reduction of oxidative stress in pigs as a model for humans. Nutrition 2006, 22, 376-384.
  • Patent nr 215300: Sposób wytwarzania preparatów huminowo-ziołowo-mineralnych. UP RP 2010.
  • Ponte P. I. P., Mendes I., Quaresma M., Aguiar M. N. M., Lemos J. P. C., Ferreira L. M. A., Soares M. A. C., Alfaia C. M., Prates J. A. M., Fontes C. M. G. A.: Cholesterol levels and sensory characteristics of meat from broilers consuming moderate to high levels of alfalfa. Poult. Sci. 2004, 83, 810-814.
  • Popiela E., Króliczewska B., Zawadzki W., Opaliński S., Skiba T.: Effect of extruded amaranth grains on performance, egg traits, fatty acids composition, and selected blood characteristics of laying hens. Livest. Sci. 2013, 155, 308-315.
  • Puppel K., Nałęcz-Tarwacka T., Kuczyńska B., Gołębiewski M., Grodzki H.: Influence of combined supplementation of cows’ diet with linseed and fish oil on the thrombogenic and atherogenic indicators of milk fat. Anim. Sci. Pap. Rep. 2012, 30, 317-332.
  • Rokka T., Alén K., Valaja J., Ryhänen E.-L.: The effect of a Camelina sativa enriched diet on the composition and sensory quality of hen eggs. Food Res. Int. 2002, 35, 253-256.
  • Rutkowski A., Hejdysz M., Kaczmarek S., Adamski M., Nowaczewski S., Jamroz D.: The effect of addition of yellow lupin seeds (Lupinus luteus L.) to laying hen diets on performance and egg quality parameters. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 2017, 26, 247-256.
  • Sicińska P., Pytel E., Kurowska J., Koter-Michalak M.: Suplementacja kwasami omega w różnych chorobach. Post. Hig. Med. Dośw. 2015, 69, 838-852.
  • Sidhu G. S., Oakenfull D. G.: A mechanism for the hypocholesterolaemic activity of saponins. Br. J. Nutr. 1986, 55, 643-649.
  • Sosnówka-Czajka E., Skomorucha I., Herbut E.: Kształtowanie się wybranych cech jakościowych jaj kur rodzimego pochodzenia. Rocz. Nauk. Zoot. 2014, 41, 93-105.
  • Stevenson F. J.: Effect of supplemental humate at different levels. Humus – chemistry genesis composition, reactions. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY 1994.
  • Trziszka T., Dobrzański Z., Kaźmierska M., Tronina Ł., Skiba M.: Effect of dietary humic-fatty preparations on egg quality in Lohmann Brown hens. Arch. Geflugelk. 2011, 75, 84-90.
  • Trziszka T., Dobrzański Z., Oziembłowski M., Jarmoluk A., Krasnowska G.: An attempt to compare the quality of chicken eggs from cage system and ecological production. Arch. Geflugelk. 2004, 68, 269-274.
  • Ulbricht T. L. V., Southgate D. A. T.: Coronary disease seven dietary factors. Lancet 1991, 338, 985-992.
  • Vakili R., Majidzadeh Heravi R.: Performance and Egg Quality of Laying Hens Fed Diets Supplemented with Herbal Extracts and Flaxseed. Poult. Sci. J. 2016, 4, 107-116.
  • Walczak J., Bocian S., Kowalkowski T., Trziszka T., Buszewski B.: Determination of omega fatty acid profiles in egg yolk by HILIC-LC-MS and GC-MS. Food Anal. Meth. 2017, 10, 1264-1272.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-df20831f-7d8c-405f-8332-05bfd18dfb2c
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.