Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2013 | 15 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Canines as a measuring tool for leaf tent construction in Dermanura watsoni

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Many animals are capable of constructing structures to modify the environment for their own benefit. The design of these structures requires animals to perceive dimensions. However, how animals take measurements to achieve the final design of the structures they construct is known for only very few species. In the Neotropics, a few bat species build roosts or leaf tents that serve different purposes. Thomas's fruit-eating bat (Dermanura watsoni) constructs tents that have complex designs, when compared to other tent building bats. The bifid tent is a design built by producing a long, J-shaped cut on each side of understory plant leaves. We expect that to accomplish this complex design bats would require precise measurements during tent construction. We measured several bat morphological traits to infer which of them, if any, was used by the bats as a measuring device. Dermanura watsoni uses the distance between their lower canines to increase the perpendicular distance of the J-cut to the central vein of the leaf along the J-cut. The bat adds the distance between the canines to each subsequent secondary vein cut. This is the first study to infer which body part D. watsoni most likely uses as a measuring tool. Our results provide new insight into the evolution of body parts as measuring devices during tent construction in related and unrelated tent-building bat species.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Escuela de Biologia, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Pedro Montes de Oca, San Jose, Costa Rica
  • Asociacion Theria, Desamparados, San Jose, Costa Rica
  • Escuela de Biologia, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Pedro Montes de Oca, San Jose, Costa Rica
  • Escuela de Biologia, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Pedro Montes de Oca, San Jose, Costa Rica
  • Escuela de Biologia, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Pedro Montes de Oca, San Jose, Costa Rica
  • Asociacion Theria, Desamparados, San Jose, Costa Rica
  • 1. R. J. Baker , S. R. Hoofer , C. A. Porter , and R. A. Van Den Bussche . 2003. Diversification among New World leafnosed bats: and evolutionary hypothesis and classification inferred from digenomic congruence of DNA sequence. Occasional Papers, Museum of Texas Tech University, 230: 1–32. Google Scholar
  • 2. G. Barrantes , and W. G. Eberhard . 2012. Extreme behavioral adjustments by an orb-web spider: the paradox of adaptive adjustments to unnaturally restricted spaces. Ethology, 118: 438–449. Google Scholar
  • 3. G. Chaverri , and T. H. Kunz . 2006. Roosting ecology of the tent-roosting bat Artibeus watsoni (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in Southwestern Costa Rica. Biotropica, 38: 77–84. Google Scholar
  • 4. J. C. Choe 1997. A new tent roost of Thomas' fruit-eating bat, Artibeus watsoni (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae), in Panama. Korean Journal of Biological Sciences, 1: 313–316. Google Scholar
  • 5. J. C. Choe , and R. M. Timm . 1985. Roosting site selection by Artibeus watsoni (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) on Anthurium ravenii (Araceae) in Costa Rica. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 1: 241–247. Google Scholar
  • 6. N. E. Collias , and E. C. Collias . 1970. The behaviour of the West African village weaverbird. Ibis, 112: 475–480. Google Scholar
  • 7. N. E. Collias , and E. C. Collias . 1984. Nest building and bird behavior. Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ, 336 pp. Google Scholar
  • 8. W. G. Eberhard 1982. Behavioral characters for the higher classification of orb-weaving spiders. Evolution, 36: 1067–1095. Google Scholar
  • 9. W. G. Eberhard 1990a. Function and phylogeny of spider webs. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 21: 341–372. Google Scholar
  • 10. W. G. Eberhard 1990b. Imprecision in the behavior of Leptomorphus sp. (Diptera, Mycetophilidae) and the evolutionary origin of new behavior patterns. Journal of Insect Behavior, 3: 327–357. Google Scholar
  • 11. W. G. Eberhard , and T. Hesselberg . 2012. Cues that spiders (Araneae: Araneidae, Tetragnathidae) use to build orbs: lapses in attention to one set of cues because dissonance with others? Ethology, 118: 610–620. Google Scholar
  • 12. R. F. Foelix 2011. Biology of spiders. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 419 pp. Google Scholar
  • 13. K. G. Garegae 2005. Mathematics in different cultures and societies: the Botswana case. Pp. 63–81, in What mathematics from Africa? ( G. Sica , ed.). Polimetrica, International Scientific Publisher, Monza, Italy, 109 pp. Google Scholar
  • 14. M. Hansell 1993. The ecological impact of animal nests and burrows. Functional Ecology, 7: 5–12. Google Scholar
  • 15. M. Hansell 2005. Animal architecture. Oxford University Press, New York, 322 pp. Google Scholar
  • 16. R. L. Jeanne 1975. The adaptiveness of social wasp nest architecture. Quarterly Review of Biology, 50: 267–287. Google Scholar
  • 17. T. H. Kunz , M. S. Fujita ., A. P. Brooke , and G. F. McCracken . 1994. Convergence in tent architecture and tentmaking behavior among Neotropical and Paleotropical bats. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 2: 57–78. Google Scholar
  • 18. R. K. LaVal , and B. Rodríguez-Herrera . 2002. Murciélagos de Costa Rica. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, San Jose, Costa Rica, 320 pp. Google Scholar
  • 19. A. Michailidou 2010. Measuring by weight in the late bronze age Aegean. Pp. 71–87, in The archeology of measurement: Comprehending heaven, earth and time in ancient societies ( I. Morley and C. Renfrew , eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 267 pp. Google Scholar
  • 20. C. A. Nalepa , and W. J. Bell . 1997. Postovulation parental investment and parental care in cockroaches. Pp. 26–51, in The evolution of social behavior in insects and arachnids ( J. C. Choe and B. J. Crespi , eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 541 pp. Google Scholar
  • 21. P. J. O'Brien , and H. D. Christiansen . 1986. An ancient Maya measurement system. American Antiquity, 51: 136–151. Google Scholar
  • 22. A. Olman 2012. Cultural history through a semantic prism: length measures in Jewish culture in the Hellenistic period. Review of Rabbinic Judaism, 15: 99–110. Google Scholar
  • 23. A. Perna , C. Jost ., C. Couturier ., S. Valverde ., S. Douady , and G. Theraulaz . 2008. The structure of gallery networks in the nests of termite Cubitermes spp. revealed by x-ray tomography. Naturwissenchaften, 95: 877–884. Google Scholar
  • 24. R Development Core Team. 2013. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Google Scholar
  • 25. B. Rodríguez-Herrera , R. A. Medellín , and M. Gamba-Ríos . 2006. Tent building by female Ectophylla alba (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in Costa Rica. Acta Chiropterologica, 8: 557–561. Google Scholar
  • 26. B. Rodríguez-Herrera , R. A. Medellín , and R. M. Timm . 2007. Neotropical tent-roosting bats. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, San Jose, Costa Rica, 178 pp. Google Scholar
  • 27. B. Rodríguez-Herrera , G. Ceballos , and R. A. Medellín . 2011. Ecological aspects of the tent building process by Ectophylla alba (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae). Acta Chiropterologica, 13: 365–372. Google Scholar
  • 28. A. Skutch 1976. Parent birds and their young. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas, 503 pp. Google Scholar
  • 29. R. M. Timm 1984. Tent construction by Vampyressa in Costa Rica. Journal of Mammology, 65: 165–167. Google Scholar
  • 30. R. M. Timm 1987. Tent construction by bats of the genera Artibeus and Uroderma. Pp. 187–212, in Studies in Neotropical mammalogy: essays in honor of Philip Hershkovitz ( B. D. Patterson and R. M. Timm , eds.). Fieldiana: Zoology (N.S.), 39: viii + 1–506. Google Scholar
  • 31. R. M. Timm , and J. Mortimer . 1976. Selection of roost sites by Honduran white bats, Ectophylla alba (Chiroptera: Phyllostomatidae). Ecology, 57: 385–389. Google Scholar
  • 32. F. Vollrath 1987. Altered geometry of webs in spiders with regenerated legs. Nature, 328: 247–248. Google Scholar
  • 33. M. J. West-Eberhard 1969. The social biology of polistine wasps. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology Miscellaneous Publications, 140: 5–101. Google Scholar
  • 34. J. H. Zar 1984. Biostatistical analysis. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 944 pp. Google Scholar
Rekord w opracowaniu
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.