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2016 | 85 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Micromorphology and anatomy of fruits and seeds of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L., Cucurbitaceae)

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of this paper is investigating the micromorphological properties of fruits and seeds in the food and medicinal plant Momordica charantia L. (Cucurbitaceae). A detailed anatomical description on cross-sections of immature fruits and seeds is reported for the first time. The fruit is characterized by a thin epicarp, a multi-layered mesocarp and by an inconspicuous endocarp. The seed-coat displays a pattern of organization in five tissues. These endomorphic features were compared and discussed with the results of previous investigations on other representatives of the genus Momordica. Since the structure of seed-coat is considered diacritical in the taxonomy of the genus, this report may offer a set of additional character useful for the characterization of the genus.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
85
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
Article 3490 [7p.], fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Milan, Via Mangiagalli 25, 20133 Milan, Italy
autor
  • Department of Biology, University of Florence, Via G.La Pira 4, 50121 Florence, Italy
  • Department of Biology, University of Florence, Via G.La Pira 4, 50121 Florence, Italy
Bibliografia
  • 1. Fabricant DS, Farnsworth NR. The value of plants used in traditional medicine for drug discovery. Environ Health Perspect, 2001;109(1 suppl):69–75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.01109s169
  • 2. Bharathi LK, Joseph JK. Momordica genus in Asia: an overview. New Delhi: Springer; 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-1032-0
  • 3. Grover JK, Yadav SP. Pharmacological actions and potential uses of Momordica charantia: a review. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004;93(1):123–132. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2004.03.035
  • 4. Pacini E, Franchi GG. La rappresentazione scientifica di una pianta esotica (Momordica balsamina) in un’opera di autore ignoto (1500 circa) dei Musei Civici di Pavia. Museo inRivista. 2013;5:41–46.
  • 5. Aguoru CU, Okoli BE. Seed coat anatomy of Momordica L. (Cucurbitaceae) in parts of tropical Western Africa. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture and Food Systems.2008;2(1):29–33.
  • 6. O’brien SP, McCully ME. The study of plant structure principles and selected methods. Melbourne: Termarcarphi; 1981.
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  • 9. Jensen WA. Botanical histochemistry: principles and practice. San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman; 1962.
  • 10. Fisher DB. Protein staining of ribboned epon sections for light microscopy. Histochemie. 1968;16(1):92–96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00306214
  • 11. Greenspan P, Mayer EP, Fowler SD. Nile Red: a selective fluorescent stain for intracellular lipids droplets. J Cell Biol. 1985;100(3):965–973. http://dx.doi.org/10.1083/jcb.100.3.965
  • 12. Gahan PB. Plant histochemistry and cytochemistry: an introduction. London: Academic Press; 1984.
  • 13. Singh D, Dathan ASR. Morphology and embryology. In: Nayar NM, More TA, editors. Cucurbits. Enfield: Science Publishers; 1998. p. 67–84.
  • 14. Murovec J, Drašlar K, Bohanec B. Detailed analysis of Cucurbita pepo seed coat types and tructures with scanning electron microscopy. Botany. 2012;90(12):1161–1169. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1139/b2012-088
  • 15. Heneidak S, Khalik KA. Seed coat diversity in some tribes of Cucurbitaceae: implications for taxonomy and species identification. Acta Bot Brasilica. 2015;29(1):129–142. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0102-33062014abb3705
  • 16. Jeffrey C. A review of the Cucurbitaceae. Bot J Linn Soc. 1982;81:233–234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.1980.tb01676.x
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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