Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2016 | 23 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Investigating relationships between motivation and loyalty in the context of physical recreation

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Introduction. The concept of motivation is very important for participation in recreation. There are three types of motivation: intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation. The present study investigates consumer behavior issues related to the practice of mini football in Greece. Aim of Study. The study aimed specifically to: a) identify the most important motivation factors that drive individuals to participate in mini football; and b) investigate the predictability of motivation factors towards consumer loyalty. Material and Methods. 150 Greek men participated in the study and were asked to fill in a survey questionnaire. A path analysis method was used to assess the impact of motivation on loyalty. Results. The most important motivation type was extrinsic motivation comprising items related to enjoyment. The path analysis revealed the importance of extrinsic motivation and amotivation for predicting participants’ sport loyalty. Conclusions. The results of the present study can help managers of sport centers understand the significance of mini-football as a recreational activity
Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece
  • Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece
  • 1. Avgerinos A. Lifestyle and physical activity of young people in Greece: The role of the school and the community in the promotion of active living. Eur Psychomotricity J. 2008; 1: 73-77.
  • 2. Deci EL. Intrinsic motivation. New York: Plenum; 1975.
  • 3. Deci E, Ryan M. Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum; 1985.
  • 4. Alexandris K, Carroll B. An analysis of leisure constraints based on different recreational sport participation levels: results from a study in Greece. Leisure Sci. 1997; 17: 1-15.
  • 5. Pelletier LG, Fortier M, Vallerand, et al. The sport motivation scale (sms-28). J Sport Exerc Psychol. 1995; 17: 35-53.
  • 6. Iso-Ahola E. Motivational foundations of leisure. In: Jackson EL, Burton TI, eds., Leisure studies: prospects for the twenty-first century. Pennsylvania: Venture Publishing; 1999; 35-51.
  • 7. Oliver RL. Satisfaction: A behavioral perspective on the consumer. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies; 1997.
  • 8. Deci EL, Ryan RM. A motivational approach to self: Integration in personality. In: Dientsbier R, ed., Nebraska symposium on motivation: Perspectives on motivation. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press; 1991. pp. 237-288.
  • 9. Vallerand RJ, Deci EL, Ryan RM. Intrinsic motivation in sport. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 1987; 15: 389-425.
  • 10. Deci EL. The relation of interest to the motivation of behavior: A self-determination theory perspective. In: Renninger KA, Hidi S, Krapp A, eds., The role of interest in learning and development. New Jersey: Hillsdale; 1992; 43-69.
  • 11. Vallerand RJ, Losier GF. An integrative analysis of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sport. J Appl Sport Psychol. 1999; 11: 142-169.
  • 12. Weissinger E, Bandalos DL. Development, reliability, and validity of a scale to measure intrinsic motivation in leisure. J Leisure Res. 1995; 27: 379-400.
  • 13. Duda JL, Tappe MK. The personal incentives for exercise questionnaire: preliminary development. Percept Motor Skills. 1989; 68: 11-22.
  • 14. Markland D, Hardy L. The exercise motivations inventory: Preliminary development and validity of a measure of individuals’ reasons for participation in regular physical exercise. Personality Individ Differences. 1993; 15: 289-296.
  • 15. Kavussanu M, Roberts GC. Motivation in physical activity contexts: The relationship of perceived motivational climate to intrinsic motivation and self-efficacy. J Sport Exerc Psychol. 1996; 18: 264-281.
  • 16. Vallerand RJ. A hierarchical model of intrinsic and motivation in sport and exercise. In: Roberts GC, ed., Advances in motivation in sport and exercise. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 2001. pp. 263-320.
  • 17. Söderlund M. Measuring customer loyalty with multiitem scales – a case for caution. Int J Service Ind Manag. 2006; 17: 76-98.
  • 18. Rundle-Thiele S, Mackay MM. Assessing the performance of brand loyalty measures. J Services Market. 2001; 15: 529-546.
  • 19. Zeithaml V, Berry L, Parasuraman A. The behavioural consequences of service quality. J Market. 1996; 60: 31-46.
  • 20. Zeithaml VA, Bitner MJ. Services marketing: Integrating customer focus across the firm. New York: McGrawHill; 2006.
  • 21. Iwasaki Y, Havitz ME. Examining relationships between leisure involvement, psychological commitment and loyalty to a recreation agency. J Leisure Res. 2004; 36: 45-72.
  • 22. Voss CA, Roth AV, Rosenzweig ED, et al. A tale of two countries’ conservatism, service quality, and feedback on customer satisfaction. J Service Res. 2004; 6: 212- -230.
  • 23. Alexandris Κ, Kouthouris C, Girgolas G. Investigating the relationships among motivation, negotiation and intention to continuing participation: A study in recreational alpine skiing. J Leisure Res. 2007; 39(4): 648-668.
  • 24. Alexandris K, Kouthouris C, Meligdis A. Increasing customers’ loyalty in a skiing Resort: The contribution of place attachment and service quality. Int J Contemp Hosp Manag. 2006; 18: 414-425.
  • 25. Barlas A, Kouthouris C, Kontogianni, et al. Participation in children’s adventure camps in Greece: relationships between incentives and loyalty. SPCT. 2012; 18: 371-378.
  • 26. Barlas A, Mantis K, Koustelios A. Achieving positive Word-of-Mouth communication: The role of perceived service quality in the context of Greek ski-centers. World Leisure J. 2010: 52: 290-297.
  • 27. Alexandris K, Dimitriadis D, Kasiara A. Behavioural consequences of perceived service quality: An exploratory study in the context of private fitness clubs in Greece. Euro Sport Manag Quarterly. 2001; 1: 251-280.
  • 28. Raedeke TD, Burton D. Personal investment perspective on leisure-time physical activity participation: Role of incentives, program compatibility, and constraints. Leisure Sci. 1997; 19: 201-228.
  • 29. Fortier MS, Vallerand RJ, Brière NM, et al. Competitive and recreational sport structures and gender: A test of their relationship with sport motivation. Int J Sport Psychol. 1995; 26: 24-39.
  • 30. Iwasaki Y, Mannell R. Situational and personality influences on intrinsically motivated leisure behavior: Interaction effects and cognitive processes. Leisure Sci. 1999; 21: 287-306.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.