PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 70 | 02 |
Tytuł artykułu

Mastitis in small ruminants

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The importance of mastitis in small ruminants is important from the point of view of 3 perspectives: economic (mortality of animals, treatment costs, reduced quantity and quality of milk); hygienic (the risk of infection or poisoning of consumers by consuming infected milk), and legal (definitions of bacteriological milk quality). Coagulase-negative staphylococci are the most prevalent pathogens of the mammary gland in sheep and goats with subclinical mastitis (affecting from 45 to 48% in sheep and from 60 to 80.7% in goats). Prevalence of clinical mastitis in small ruminants is usually below 5%. Several pathogens can cause mastitis, but Staphylococcus spp. are the most frequently diagnosed causal microorganisms of intramammary infections in goats and sheep. Somatic cell counts in milk of dairy ewes can be used to define subclinical mastitis and a threshold of about 200,000 to 400,000 cells/ml will accurately identify most infected ewes. In ewe milk somatic cell counts between 300,000 cells/ml and 1,000,000 cells/ml cause changes in the composition and plasmin activity, and suggest that milk secretion is in a period of transition from normal to mastitic milk. In goats infected glands also lead to an increase in somatic cell counts; however, increased somatic cell counts in milk are also caused by other non-infection factors, such as estrus, season of milking, milk yield or stage of lactation. A standard tool in the diagnosis of mastitis for small ruminants is bacteriological examination of milk. During milking of small ruminants there is usually a transmission of Gram-positive bacteria, mainly Staphylococci. Therefore, the control of mastitis in small ruminants should take into account the optimal milking routine and milking hygiene. In particularly justified cases and the large prevalence of disease antibiotic treatment should be administered in the dry-period.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
70
Numer
02
Opis fizyczny
p.67-72,ref.
Twórcy
  • Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wolynska 35, 60-637 Poznan, Poland
  • Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wolynska 35, 60-637 Poznan, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Albenzio M., Caroprese M.: Differential leukocyte count for ewe milk with low and high somatic cell count. J. Dairy Res. 2011, 78, 43-48.
  • 2. Albenzio M., Santillo A., Caroprese M., Ruggieri D., Ciliberti M., Sevi A.: Immune competence of the mammary gland as affected by somatic cell and pathogenic bacteria in ewes with subclinical mastitis. J. Dairy Sci. 2012, 95, 3877-3887.
  • 3. Albenzio M., Santillo A., Caroprese M., Schena L., Russo D. E., Sevi A.: Composition, indigenous proteolytic enzymes and coagulating behaviour of ewe milk as affected by somatic cell count. J. Dairy Res. 2011, 78, 442-447.
  • 4. Bagnicka E., Winnicka A., Jóźwik A., Rzewuska M., Strzałkowska N., Kościuczuk E., Prusak B., Kaba J., Horbańczuk J., Krzyżewski J.: Relationship between somatic cell count and bacterial pathogens in goat milk. Small Ruminant Res. 2011, 100, 72-77.
  • 5. Barth K., Aulricha K., Müller U., Knappstein K.: Somatic cell count, lactoferrin and NAGase activity in milk of infected and non-infected udder halves of dairy goats. Small Ruminant Res. 2010, 94, 161-166.
  • 6. Bergonier D., Berthelot X.: New advances in epizootiology and control of ewe mastitis. Livest. Prod. Sci. 2003, 79, 1-16.
  • 7. Bergonier D., de Crémoux R., Rupp R., Lagriffoul G., Berthelot X.: Mastitis of dairy small ruminants. Vet. Res. 2003, 34, 689-716.
  • 8. Casu S., Sechi S., Salaris S. L., Carta A.: Phenotypic and genetic relationships between udder morphology and udder health in dairy ewes. Small Ruminant Res. 2010, 88, 77-83.
  • 9. Contreras A., Corrales J. C., Sánchez A., Sierra D.: Persistence of subclinical intramammary pathogens in goats throughout lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 1997, 80, 2815-2819.
  • 10. Contreras A., Sierra D., Sánchez A., Corrales J. C., Marco J. C., Paape M. J., Gonzalo C.: Mastitis in small ruminants. Small Ruminant Res. 2007, 68, 145-153.
  • 11. Díaz J. R., Romero G., Muelas R., Alejandro M., Peris C.: Effect of intramammary infection on milk electrical conductivity in Murciano-Granadina goats. J. Dairy Sci. 2012, 95, 718-726.
  • 12. Doğruer G., Saribay M. K., Ergün Y., Aslantaş Ö., Demir C., Ateş C. T.: Treatment of subclinical mastitis in Damascus goats during lactation. Small Ruminant Res. 2010, 90, 153-155.
  • 13. Fotou K., Tzora A., Voidarou Ch., Alexopoulos A., Plessas S., Avgeris I., Bezirtzoglou E., Akrida-Demertzi K., Demertzis P. G.: Isolation of microbial pathogens of subclinical mastitis from raw sheep’s milk of Epirus (Greece) and their role in its hygiene. Anaerobe 2011, 17, 315-319.
  • 14. Giadinis N. D., Arsenos G., Tsakos P., Psychas V., Dovas C. I., Papadopoulos E., Karatzias H., Fthenakis G. C.: “Milk-drop syndrome of ewes”: Investigation of the causes in dairy sheep in Greece. Small Ruminant Res. 2012, 106, 33-35.
  • 15. Giadinis N. D., Panousis N., Petridou E. J., Siarkou V. I., Lafi S. Q., Pourliotis K., Hatzopoulou K. E., Fthenakis G. C.: Selenium, vitamin E and vitamin A blood concentrations in dairy sheep flocks with increased or low clinical mastitis incidence. Small Ruminant Res. 2011, 95, 193-196.
  • 16. Gougoulis D. A., Kyriazakis I., Papaioannou N., Papadopoulos E., Taitzoglou I. A., Fthenakis G. C.: Subclinical mastitis changes the patterns of maternal – offspring behaviour in dairy sheep. Vet. J. 2008, 176, 378-384.
  • 17. Hall S. M., Rycroft A. N.: Causative microorganisms and somatic cell counts in subclinical intramammary infections in milking goats in the UK. Vet. Rec. 2007, 160, 19-22.
  • 18. Kiossis E., Brozos C. N., Petridou E., Boscos C.: Program for the control of subclinical mastitis in dairy Chios breed ewes during lactation. Small Ruminant Res. 2007, 73, 194-199.
  • 19. Koop G., Dik N., Nielen M., Lipman L. J. A.: Short communication: Repeatability of differential goat bulk milk culture and associations with somatic cell count, total bacterial count, and standard plate count. J. Dairy Sci. 2010, 93, 2569-2573.
  • 20. Koop G., Nielen M., van Werven T.: Bulk milk somatic cell counts are related to bulk milk total bacterial counts and several herd-level risk factors in dairy goats. J. Dairy Sci. 2009, 92, 4355-4364.
  • 21. Koop G., van Werven T., Schuiling H. J., Nielen M.: The effect of subclinical mastitis on milk yield in dairy goats. J. Dairy Sci. 2010, 93, 5809-5817.
  • 22. Le Maréchal C., Thiéry R., Vautor E., Le Loir Y.: Mastitis impact on technological properties of milk and quality of milk products — a review. Dairy Sci. Technol. 2011, 91, 247-282.
  • 23. Leitner G., Krifucks O.: Pseudomonas aeruginosa mastitis outbreaks in sheep and goat flocks: antibody production and vaccination in a mouse model. Vet. Immunol. Immunop. 2007, 119, 198-203.
  • 24. Leitner G., Merin U., Silanikove N.: Changes in milk composition as affected by subclinical mastitis in goats. J. Dairy Sci. 2004, 87, 1719-1726.
  • 25. Leitner G., Silanikove N., Merin U.: Estimate of milk and curd yield loss of sheep and goats with intrammamary infection and its relation to somatic cell count. Small Ruminant Res. 2008, 74, 221-225.
  • 26. Marogna G., Pilo C., Vidili A., Tola S., Schianchi G., Leori S. G.: Comparison of clinical findings, microbiological results, and farming parameters in goat herds affected by recurrent infectious mastitis. Small Ruminant Res. 2012, 102, 74-83.
  • 27. Marogna G., Rolesu S., Lollai S., Tola S., Leori G.: Clinical findings in sheep farms affected by recurrent bacterial mastitis. Small Ruminant Res. 2010, 88, 119-125.
  • 28. McDougall S., Pankey W., Delaney C., Barlow J., Murdough P. A., Scruton D.: Prevalence and incidence of subclinical mastitis in goats and dairy ewes in Vermont, USA. Small Ruminant Res. 2002, 46, 115-121.
  • 29. Nicholas R. A. J., Ayling R. D., Loria G. R.: Ovine mycoplasmal infections. Small Ruminant Res. 2008, 76, 92-98.
  • 30. Olechnowicz J., Jaśkowski J. M.: Somatic cell counts and total bacterial count in bulk tank milk of small ruminants. Slov. Vet. Res 2012, 49, 13-18.
  • 31. Omaleki L., Browning G. F., Allen J. L., Barber S. R.: The role of Mannheimia species in ovine mastitis. Vet. Microbiol. 2011, 153, 67-72.
  • 32. Onni T., Vidili A., Bandino E., Marogna G., Schianchi S., Tola S.: Identification of coagulase-negative staphylococci isolated from caprine milk samples by PCR-RFLP of groEL gene. Small Ruminant Res. 2012, 104, 185-190.
  • 33. Ozenc E., Seker E., Baki Acar D., Birdane M. K., Darbaz I., Dogan N.: The importance of Staphylococci and threshold value of somatic cell count for diagnosis of sub-clinical mastitis in Pirlak sheep at mid-lactation. Reprod. Dom. Anim. 2011, 46, 970-974.
  • 34. Paape M. J., Capuco A. V.: Cellular defense mechanisms in the udder and lactation of goats. J. Anim. Sci. 1997, 75, 556-565.
  • 35. Paape M. J., Wiggans G. R., Bannerman D. D., Thomasc D. L., Sanders A. H., Contreras A., Moroni P., Miller R. H.: Monitoring goat and sheep milk somatic cell counts. Small Ruminant Res. 2007, 68, 114-125.
  • 36. Pengov A., Kirbis A.: Risks of antibiotic residues in milk following intramammary and intramuscular treatments in dairy sheep. Anal. Chim. Acta 2009, 637, 13-17.
  • 37. Persson Y., Olofsson I.: Direct and indirect measurement of somatic cell count as indicator of intramammary infection in dairy goats. Acta Vet. Scand. 2011, 53, 1-5.
  • 38. Pirisi A., Lauret A., Dubeuf J. P.: Basic and incentive payments for goat and sheep milk in relation to quality. Small Ruminant Res. 2007, 68, 167-178.
  • 39. Pisoni G., Zadoks R. N., Vimercati C., Locatelli C., Zanoni M. G., Moroni P.: Epidemiological investigation of Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus involved in clinical mastitis in dairy goats. J. Dairy Sci. 2009, 92, 943-951.
  • 40. Raynal-Ljutovac K., Pirisi A., de Crémoux R., Gonzalo C.: Somatic cells of goat and sheep milk: Analytical, sanitary, productive and technological aspects. Small Ruminant Res. 2007, 68, 126-144.
  • 41. Romero G., Díaz J. R., Sabater J. M., Perez C.: Evaluation of commercial probes for on-line electrical conductivity measurements during goat gland milking process. Sensors 2012, 12, 4493-4513.
  • 42. Ruegg P. L.: Mastitis in small ruminants. 44th Annual Conference of the American Association of Bovine Practitioners, Small Ruminant Session: Sept 22-25, 2011, St. Louis MO: 1-26.
  • 43. Seifu E., Donkin E. F., Buys E. M.: Potential of lactoperoxidase to diagnose subclinical mastitis in goats. Small Ruminant Res. 2007, 69, 154-158.
  • 44. Seyffert N., Le Maréchal C., Jardin J., McCulloch J. A., Rosado F. R., Miyoshi A., Even S., Gwenaël J., Berkova N., Vautor E., Thiéry R., Azevedo V., Le Loir Y.: Staphylococcus aureus proteins differentially recognized by the ovine immune response in mastitis or nasal carriage. Vet. Microbiol. 2012, 157, 439-447.
  • 45. Silva E. R. da, Siqueira A. P., Dias Martins J. C., Barbosa Ferreira W. P., da Silva N.: Identification and in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus species isolated from goat mastitis in the Northeast of Brazil. Small Ruminant Res. 2004, 55, 45-49.
  • 46. Spanu C., Bergerb Y. M., Thomasc D. L., Ruegg P. L.: Impact of intramammary antimicrobial dry treatment and teat sanitation on somatic cell count and intramammary infection in dairy ewes. Small Ruminant Res. 2011, 97, 139-145.
  • 47. Tangorra F. M., Zaninelli M., Costa A., Agazzi A., Savoini G.: Milk electrical conductivity and mastitis status in dairy goats: results from a pilot study. Small Ruminant Res. 2010, 90, 109-113.
  • 48. White E. C., Hinckley L. S.: Prevalence of mastitis pathogens in goat milk. Small Ruminant Res. 1999, 33, 117-121.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-d1554a8f-606e-4aa4-9f49-9feb9fd3c1a7
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.