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2018 | 10 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

The effect of ‪nicotine on oral health

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EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background:Nicotine absorbed by the skin and also by the digestive, respiratory and excretory systems is one of the most known toxins found in tobacco. ‪This work reviews available literature on the influence of nicotine on human health, and in particular on the oral cavity. Material/Methods: ‪A review of literature related to the topic of the paper. Results:Numerous studies indicate that nicotine adversely affects human health. ‪It exerts a negative effect at the cellular level by modifying metabolism, and disturbs the interactions between tissues, which strongly promotes the formation of cancer-like changes. Nicotine causes numerous pathologies in the respiratory, immune, and cardiovascular systems leading to a number of metabolic disorders. Conclusions: The intake of nicotine contained in tobacco products has a particularly negative effect on the oral cavity.‬ It accelerates periodontitis, with weaker clinical symptoms associated with resistance to conventional treatment.‬ ‪In addition, nicotine changes the oral cavity microflora, increasing the amount of harmful bacteria and pathogenic fungi.‬
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Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Oral Surgery, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
  • Department of Oral Surgery, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
autor
  • Department of Oral Surgery, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
  • Department of Oral Surgery, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
  • Independent Laboratory of Health Promotion, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
  • Independent Laboratory of Health Promotion, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
autor
  • Faculty of Physical Education, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland
autor
  • Independent Laboratory of Health Promotion, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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