Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2018 | 17 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Biometrical and biochemical properties of fruits of mini cucumber plants grown under various irrigation regimes in an unheated greenhouse

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The study aimed to determine the most appropriate irrigation scheduling for mini-type cucumber plants grown as a spring-summer cycle crop. The research was conducted in a greenhouse structure in the fields of the Research Institute in Kirklareli. Marathon cucumber plants were used as the plant material in the trials. The split plot design experimental layout in 3 replications was used in the research. Four different plant–pan coefficients (0.75, 1.00, 1.25 and 1.50) and two irrigation intervals (2 and 4 days) were applied as subplots and main plots of the study, respectively. As a result of the 3-year investigation, it was determined that yields, number of cucumber fruits, and fresh cucumber fruit weight, length and diameter increased with the increase in the irrigation water amount. The highest average total soluble solids (Brix) value of 5.0 was recorded under conditions of most severe stress imposed on the plots with lowest water application rates of Kcp 0.75. While the lowest values of 4.0–4.1 were obtained for plants growing under more favorable moisture conditions in plots with application of Kcp 1.25 and 1.50. Statistically significant positive linear relationships were obtained for irrigation water amount on one hand, and fruit number, fruit mean weight, fruit length and diameter on the other, while the relationship between water applied and TSS (Brix) was negative.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Ataturk Soil Water and Agricultural Meteorology Research Institute, 39100 Kırklareli, Turkey
  • Lapseki Vocational College, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17800 Lapseki, Canakkale, Turkey
  • Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Namik Kemal University, 59030 Tekirdag, Turkey
  • Ataturk Soil Water and Agricultural Meteorology Research Institute, 39100 Kırklareli, Turkey
  • Abu-Zinada, I.A. (2015). Effect of salinity levels and application stage on cucumber and soil under greenhouse condition. Int. J. Agric. Crop Sci., 8(1), 73–80.
  • Alsadon, A.A., Wahb-Allali, M.A., Khalil, S.O. (2006). Growth, yield and quality of three greenhouse cucumber cultivars in relation to types of water applied at sifferent growth stages. J. King Saud Univ. Agric. Sci., 18(2), 89–102.
  • Arshad, I. (2017). Effect of water stress on the growth and yield of greenhouse cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). PSM Biol. Res., 2(2), 63–67.
  • Aubinet, M., Deltour, J., de Halleux, D., Nijskens, J. (1989). Stomatal regulation in greenhouse crops: analysis and simulation. Agric. For. Meteorol., 48, 21–44.
  • Ayas, S., Demirtas, Ç. (2009). Deficit irrigation effects on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. Maraton) yield in unheated greenhouse condition. J. Food Agric. Environ., 7(3–4), 645–649.
  • Bommesh, J.C., Vethamoni, P.I., Sunil, K., Nagaraju, K., Gouder, R., Panday, A.K. (2017). Effect of boron levels on physiology and quality characters of greenhouse parthenocarpic cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Environ. Ecol., 35(2), 676–680.
  • Çakir, R., Kanburoglu Çebi, U., Altintas, S., Ozdemir, A. (2017). Irrigation scheduling and water use efficiency of cucumber grown as a spring-summer cycle crop in solar greenhouse. Agric. Water Manag., 180, 78–87. DOI:10.1016/j.agwat.2016.10.023.
  • Cimpreanu, G., Neata, G., Teodoresku, R., Cimpeanu, C., Folea, I. (2013). Influence of fertilization system on the quality of cucumbers. Not. Bot. Hortic. Agrobot. ClujNapoca, 41(1), 226–230.
  • Doorenbos, J., Pruitt, W.O. (1977). Guidelines for predicting crop water requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper, No. 24, Rome, 144 pp.
  • Fernández, M.D., González, A.M., Carreño, J., Pérez, C., Bonachela, S. (2007). Analysis of on-farm irrigation performance in Mediterranean greenhouses. Agric. Water Manag., 89, 251–260. DOI:10.1016/j.agwat.2007. 02.001.
  • Granges, A., Azodanlou, R., Cuovreur, F., Reuter, E. (2000). Méthode de culture et qualité organoleptique de tomates cultivées en serre et en plein champ. Rev. Suisse Vitic. Arboric. Hortic., 32, 175–180.
  • Guler, S., Ibrikci, H., Buyuk, G. (2006). Effects of different nitrogen rates on yield and leaf nutrient contents of drip-fertigated and greenhouse-grown cucumber. Asian J. Plant Sci., 6(4), 652–662.
  • Hakkim, A.V.M., Chand, J.A.R. (2014). Effect of drip irrigation levels on yield of salad cucumber under naturally ventilated polyhouse. IOSR J. Eng., 4,18–21.
  • Kaya, C., Higgs, D., Kirnak, H. (2005). Influence of polyethylene mulch, irrigation regime, and potassium rates on field cucumber yield and related traits. J. Plant Nutr., 28(2), 1739–1753. DOI:10.1080/ 01904160500250797.
  • Kumar, S., Datt, N., Sandal, .S. K., Sharma, S. K. (2017). Effect of cow urine and bio-fertilizers based fertigation schedule at varying levels of drip irrigation on yield, growth, quality parameters and economics of cucumber under protected condition. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci., 6(6), 1242–1249. DOI:10.20546/ijcmas.2017.606.145.
  • Massantini, F. (1962). Rilievi sulle caratteristiche qualitative di frutti di pomodoro provenienti da colrivazioni normali e da coltivazioni di serra ordinaria e idroponica. Riv. Ortoforofrutti Ital., 6, 410–421.
  • Noguera, V., Abad, M., Pastor, J.J., Mora, J., Armengol, F., Serrano, A., García-Codoñer, A. C. (1988). Growth and development, water absorption and mineral composition of tomato plants growth the nutrients film techniques in the east Mediterranean coastal region of Spain. Acta Hortic., 221, 203–211. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1988.221.19.
  • Oliveira, E.C., Carvalho, J.D.A., Silva, W.G., Rezente, F.C., Almeida, W.F.D. (2011). Effects of water deficit in two phenological stages on production of Japanese cucumber cultivated in greenhouse. Eng. Agric., 31 (4), 676–686. DOI: 10.1590/S0100-69162011000400006.
  • Parks, S., Newman, S., Golding, J. (2004). Substrates efects on greenhouse cucumber growth and fruit quality in Australia. Acta Hort., 648, 129–133. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2004.648.15.
  • Papadopoulos, A.P. (1998). Growing greenhouse seedless cucumbers in soil and in soilless media. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Publication 1902/E Canada, Ontario. Papadopoulos, I. (1986). Nitrogen fertigation of greenhouse-grown cucumber. Plant Soil, 93, 87–93.
  • Shahin, M.M., Mashhour, A.M.A., Abd-Elhad, E.S.E. (2016). Effect of magnetized irrigation water and seeds on some water properties, growth parameter and yield productivity of cucumber plants. Curr. Sci. Int., 5(2), 152–164. 212
  • Thybo, A.K., Bechmann, I.E., Brandt, K. (2005). Integration of sensory and objective measurements of tomato quality: quantitative assessment of the efect of harvest date as compared with growth medium (soil versus rockwool), electrical conductivity, variety and maturity. J. Sci. Food Agric., 85, 2289–2296. DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.2253.
  • Tuzel, Y., Gul, A., Uncay, O., Anac, D., Madanlar, N., Yoldas, Z., Gumus, M., Tuzel, I.H., Engindeniz, S. (2005). Organic cucumber production in the greenhouse: a case study from Turkey. Renew. Agric. Food Syst., 20, 206–213. DOI: 10.1079/RAF2005105.
  • Tuzel, Y., Duyar, H., Oztekin, H.B., Gurbuz-Kilic, O., Anac, D., Madanlar, N., Yoldas, Z. (2013). Effects of winter green manuring on organic cucumber production in unheated greenhouse conditions. Turk. J. Agric. For., 37, 315–325. DOI:10.3906/tar-1204-42.
  • Wang, Q., Men L., Gao, L., Tian, Y. (2017). Effect of grafting and gypsum application on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) growth under saline water irrigation.
  • Agric. Water Manag., 188, 79–90. DOI: 10.1016/j. agwat.2017.04.003.
  • Wang, Z., Liu, Z., Zhang, Z., Liu, X. (2009). Subsurface drip irrigation scheduling for cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) grown in solar greenhouse based on 20 cm standard pan evaporation in Northeast China. Sci. Hortic., 123(1), 51–57. DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2009.07.02.
  • Yaghi, T., Arslan, A., Naou, F. (2013). Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) water use efficiency (WUE) under plastic mulch and drip irrigation. Agric. Water Manag., 128, 149–157.
  • Yuan, B. Z, Kang, Y., Nishiyama, S. (2001). Drip irrigation scheduling for tomatoes in unheated greenhouses. Irrig. Sci., 20, 149–154. DOI:10.1016/j.agwat.2013. 06.002.
  • Zhang, H.X., Chi, D.C., Wang, Q., Fan, J., Fang, X. (2011). Yield and quality response of cucumber to irrigation and nitrogen fertilization under subsurface drip irrigation in solar greenhouse. Agric. Sci. China, 10(6), 921–930. DOI:10.1016/S1671-2927(11)60077-1.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.