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2019 | 28 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Quantitative changes in sulphur fractions during Co-composting of pine bark with green plant material

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Composting pine bark alone and with additives is an interesting alternative to recycling waste as compost. Our study was focused on the exploration of various sulphur fractions (total, plant available, easily mineralisable organic and residual) in four composts during a progressive composting process. Composts used for the study were prepared using Scots pine (Pinus silvestris L.) bark and chopped green plant material (GPM, i.e., a mixture of green parts of buckwheat (Fagopylum esculentum L.), peas (Pisum sativum L.), serradela (Ornithopus perpusillus L.) and vetch (Vicia sativa L.) harvested before flowering). They were prepared according to the scheme: C1 - pine bark, C2 - pine bark mixed with urea (a dose of urea equivalent to 1kg N per 1 m3 of pine bark), C3 – pine bark mixed with GPM (0.5 Mg of GPM per 1 m3 of pine bark) and C4 - pine bark mixed with GPM (3.5 Mg of GPM per 1 m3 of pine bark). The composting process lasted 203 days and comprised 6 stages. It was found that compost prepared from pine bark and green plant material (C4) contained the highest amounts of sulphur and their changes were significant during the composting process. Although it is not routinely applied in such studies, the use of PCA to summarize the influence of composts and stages was found to be a valuable tool. The PCA data proved that with regard to the plant-available sulphur and easily mineralisable organic sulphur, the composting process could be shortened to 80 days with no deterioration of compost quality. Total and residual sulphur contents showed a similar pattern. The amounts of sulphur extracted with CH3COOH and KCl as well as and their changes observed during the composting process were comparable. However, the solution of Kcl may be considered as a more sensitive extractor of sulphur in composts.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
28
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.2633-2644,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Soil Science and Land Protection, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poznan, Poland
autor
  • Department of Mathematical and Statistical Methods, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poznan, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • 2. CHUPIN L., MAUNU S.L., REYNAUD S., PIZZI A., CHARRIER B., BOUHTOURY F.C. Microwave assisted extraction of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) bark: Impact of particle size and characterization. Industrial Crops and Products, 65, 142, 2015.
  • 3. MIRANDA I., GOMINHO J., MIRRA I., PEREIRA H. Chemical characterisation of barks from Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris after fractioning into different particle sizes. Industrial Crops and Products, 36, 395, 2012.
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  • 8. HELLO K.M., MOHAMMAD A., SAGER A. Solid urea sulphate catalyst for hydrolysis of cellulose. Waste Biomass and Valorization, 8, 2630, 2017.
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  • 10. MUPAMBWA H.A., LUKASHE N.S., MNKENI S. Sustability of fly ash vermicompost as a component of pine bark growing media: Effects on media physicochemical properties and ornamental marigold (Tagetes ssp) growth and flowering, Compost Science and Utilization, 25 (1), 48, 2017.
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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