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2007 | 29 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Organospecific responses of lupin seedlings to lead. Localization of hydrogen peroxide and peroxidase activity

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In an earlier work using tissue printing method, we found that the PR-10 stress protein was observed in leaf petiole of lupin seedling where lead was not detected (Przymusiński et al. 2001). These results suggested the presence of substance(s) mediating a signal transduction from directly affected cells to distant organs. As the hydrogen peroxide was found to be involved in signal transduction pathway, in the present paper, we analysed the level of H₂O₂ in the organ of lupin seedlings exposed to Pb²⁺ with spectrophotometric method and tissue printing technique. It was unequivocally demonstrated that the level of H₂O₂ and the activity of peroxidase increased in every tested organ of lead-treated lupin seedling. Both the level of H₂O₂ and the activity of POX were correlated with amount of Pb²⁺ ions in the cells (Przymusiński et al. 2001) and decreased in tissues more and more distant from the site of metal application. On the other hand, there was no correlation between the histological localization of H₂O₂ and peroxidase. Our results seem to confirm the hypothesis that H₂O₂ may act as a signalling substance involved in the induction of PR protein synthesis. It was indicated that there is high degree of correlation between the localization of H₂O₂ and the histological localization of PR-10 proteins (Przymusiński et al. 2001) in every tested organ of lupin seedling. The presented hypothesis is also supported by the fact that H₂O₂ and PR-10 proteins are detected in organs and tissues where Pb²⁺ was not found at all.
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  • Department of Plant Ecophysiology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznan, Poland
  • Department of Plant Ecophysiology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznan, Poland
  • Department of Plant Ecophysiology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznan, Poland
  • Department of Plant Ecophysiology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznan, Poland
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