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2016 | 15 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Antifungal activity of some plant extracts against Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissl. in the black currant crop (Ribes nigrum L.)

Warianty tytułu
PL
Przeciwgrzybiczne działanie niektórych wyciągów roślinnych przeciwko Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissl. u czarnej porzeczki (Ribes nigrum L.)
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
There were tested and screened, in vitro and in vivo, for the first time in Romania, nine respectively six plant extracts manufactured by Hofigal S.A. against Alternaria alternata (strain Aa 20) isolated from blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.). The highest in vitro activity (efficacy between 70% and 100%) was recorded for Satureja hortensis and Valeriana officinalis extracts at 20 and 10% concentrations. A good inhibitory activity on mycelial growth (efficacy between 54.3 and 88.6%) has been noticed for Allium sativum, Mentha sp. Rosmarinus officinalis, Tagetes patula extracts (at 10 and 20%). No efficacy was noticed for Artemisia dracunculus ‘sativa’. The extract obtained from Hyssopus officinalis inhibited the mycelial growth of A. alternata only at 20%, with 57.1% efficacy. In field trials, Valeriana officinalis and Satureja hortensis extracts have been very effective in limiting Alternaria disease severity in blackcurrant applied at 10%, compared to untreated control. This data confirmed their strong antifungal potential, both in vitro and in vivo. Based on our results, plant extracts with highly efficacy could be an alternative in the protection of blackcurrant as medicinal crop against Alternaria leaf spot and fruit rot especially in organic horticulture system.
PL
Po raz pierwszy w Rumunii przetestowano i zbadano in vitro i in vivo odpowiednio dziewięć i sześć wyciągów wyprodukowanych przez Hofigal S.A. w ich działaniu przeciwko Alternaria alternata (szczep Aa 20) wyizolowanego z czarnej porzeczki (Ribes nigrum L.). Najlepsze działanie in vivo (skuteczność między 70–100%) zanotowano dla Satureja hortensis i Valeriana officinalis. Dobre działanie inhibicyjne wobec wzrostu grzybni (skuteczność między 54,3–88,6%) zaobserwowano dla Allium sativum, Mentha sp. Rosmarinus officinalis, Tagetes patula (10 i 20%). Nie stwierdzono żadnej skuteczności dla Artemisia dracunculus ‘sativa’. Wyciąg otrzymany z Hyssopus officinalis hamował wzrost grzybni A. alternata tylko przy 20% ze skutecznością 57.1%. W próbach polowych wyciągi z Valeriana officinalis i Satureja hortensis były bardzo skuteczne, ograniczając chorobę Alternaria u czarnej porzeczki przy 10% w porównaniu z kontrolą bez zabiegów. Dane te potwierdziły ich silny potencjał przeciwgrzybiczy zarówno in vitro, jak i in vivo. Opierając się na niniejszych wynikach, można powiedzieć, że wyciągi roślinne o wysokiej skuteczności mogą być alternatywą w ochronie czarnej porzeczki jako rośliny leczniczej przed plamistością liści i zgnilizną owoców spowodowanych przez Alternaria, zwłaszcza w ekologicznym systemie upraw ogrodniczych.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
15
Numer
5
Opis fizyczny
p.57-68,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Botany and Microbiology, Biology Faculty, University of Bucharest; 1–3 Portocalelor Alley, sector 6, 060101 Bucharest 35, Romania
autor
  • University of Bucharest; Bucharest, Romania
autor
  • University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
autor
  • Research-Development Institute of Plant Protection Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
autor
  • National Research-Development Institute for Chemistry and Petrochemistry Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
autor
  • University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-cbe43577-d705-4149-a8b7-b79765bd3d9b
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