Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2018 | 27 | 3 |

Tytuł artykułu

Changes in phytoplankton structure due to prematurely limited restoration treatments

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



Sustainable restoration using three methods – water aeration, phosphorus inactivation, and biomanipulation – was applied in Swarzędzkie Lake to slow progressive eutrophication. The treatments were limited to wind aeration alone after three years of restoration as a result of lack of funding. The research was carried out in a period of limited restoration. Phytoplankton was sampled monthly from the surface layer. Samples were preserved with Lugol’s solution and counted using a Sedgewick-Rafter chamber with a light microscope. The fluctuation of phytoplankton abundance and biodiversity were determined, comparing data before (2011), during (2012-14), and after the main restoration measures (2015-16). Mean phytoplankton abundance ranged from ca. 31.0×103 spec. ml⁻¹ (2011) by 23.6×10³ spec. ml⁻¹ (2012-2014) to 17.5×103 spec. ml⁻¹ (in 2016). Although cyanobacterial bloom occurred in 2013, the average amount of cyanobacteria decreased at least three times during the restoration and one year after the limitation of treatments. The abundance of cyanobacteria again increased sharply in 2016 (ca. 18×10³ spec. ml⁻¹). H’ index was rising from 1.29 in 2011 to 2.63 in 2015 and started to decrease in 2016. Despite the fact that the total phytoplankton abundance decreased during the restoration processes (2012-16), the abundance of cyanobacteria, which was the main problem of Swarzędzkie Lake, increased when the restoration was limited to wind-aeration (2015-16). An increase of biodiversity and low abundance of cyanobacteria prognosticated the stabilization of the lake’s ecosystem. However, a drastic limitation of restoration treatments resulted in another increase of cyanobacteria abundance, which ruined the lake repair. Restoration should not be ceased before the end of the stabilization phase of the ecosystem.

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • Department of Water Protection, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznan, Poland
  • Department of Water Protection, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznan, Poland
  • Department of Water Protection, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznan, Poland


  • 1. PASZTALENIEC A., PONIEWOZIK M. Phytoplankton based assessment of the ecological status of four shallow lakes (Eastern Poland) according to Water Framework Directive – a comparison of approaches, Limnologica 40, 251, 2010.
  • 2. POXLEITNER M., TROMMER G., LORENZ P., STIBOR H. The effect of increased nitrogen load on phytoplankton in a phosphorus-limited lake. Freshwater Biology 61 (11), 1966, 2016.
  • 3. LEPORI F., ROBERTS J.J. Effects of internal phosphorus loadings and food-web structure on the recovery of a deep lake from eutrophication. Journal of Great Lakes Research 43, 2, 255, 2017.
  • 4. XU H., PAERL H.W., QIN B., ZHU G., GAO G. Nitrogen and phosphorus inputs control phytoplankton growth in eutrophic Lake Taihu, China Hai, Limnol. Oceanogr. 55, 1, 420, 2010.
  • 5. BORICS G., TÓTHMÉRÉSZ B., LUKÁCS B.A., VÁRBÍRÓ G. Functional groups of phytoplankton shaping diversity of shallow lake ecosystems, Hydrobiologia 698, 251, 2012.
  • 6. Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy. OJ L327/1 from 22.12.2000.
  • 7. GROCHOWSKA J.K., BRZOZOWSKA R. The influence of different recultivation methods on the water buffer capacity in a degraded urban lake. Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems 410, 01, 2013.
  • 8. GROCHOWSKA J., AUGUSTYNIAK R., ŁOPATA M. How durable is the improvement of environmental conditions in a lake after the termination of restoration treatments, Ecological Engineering 104, 23, 2017.
  • 9. GROCHOWSKA J., BRZOZOWSKA R., PARSZUTO K. The influence of different recultivation techniques on primary production processes in a degraded urban lake. Oceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud., 43 (3), 211, 2014.
  • 10. WANG L., HE F., SUN J., HU Y., HUANG T, ZHANG Y., WU Z. Effects of three biological control approaches and their combination on the restoration of eutrophicated waterbodies, Limnology, 1, 2016.
  • 11. GROCHOWSKA J., BRZOZOWSKA R., ŁOPATA M. DUNALSKA J. Influence of restoration methods on the longevity of changes in the thermal and oxygen dynamics of a degraded lake, Oceanol Hydrobiol Stud. 44, 1, 19, 2015.
  • 12. KOZAK A., GOŁDYN R., DONDAJEWSKA R. Phytoplankton composition and abundance in restored Maltański Reservoir under the influence of physicochemical variables and zooplankton grazing pressure, PLoS ONE 10, 4, 2015.
  • 13. KOZAK A., GOŁDYN R. Variation in Phyto- and Zooplankton of Restored Lake Uzarzewskie, Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 23 (4), 1201, 2014.
  • 14. GOŁDYN R., PODSIADŁOWSKI S., DONDAJEWSKA R., KOZAK A. The sustainable restoration of lakes – towards the challenges of the Water Framework Directive, Ecohydrol. Hydrobiol. 14 (1), 68, 2014.
  • 15. SØNDERGAARD M., LAURIDSEN T.L., JOHANSSON L.S., JEPPESEN E. Repeated Fish Removal to Restore Lakes: Case Study of Lake Væng, Denmark – Two Biomanipulations during 30 Years of Monitoring, Water 9, 43, 2017.
  • 16. GROCHOWSKA J., GAWROŃSKA H. Restoration effectiveness of a degraded lake using multi-year artificial aeration. PJoES 13 (6), 671, 2004.
  • 17. IMMERS A.K., BAKKER E.S., VAN DONK E., TER HEERDT G.N.J., GEURTS J.J.M., DECLERCK S.A.J. Fighting internal phosphorus loading: An evaluation of the large scale application of gradual Fe-addition to a shallow peat lake, Ecol. Eng. 83, 78, 2015.
  • 18. KOZAK A., KOWALCZEWSKA-MADURA K., GOŁDYN R., CZART A. Phytoplankton composition and physicochemical properties in Lake Swarzędzkie midwestern Poland) during restoration: Preliminary result, Arch. Pol. Fish. 22, 17, 2014.
  • 19. ROSIŃSKA J., KOZAK A., DONDAJEWSKA R. GOŁDYN R. Cyanobacteria blooms before and during the restoration process of a shallow urban lake, J. Environ. Manage. 198, 340, 2017.
  • 20. HAMMER Ø., PAST. Paleontological Statistics. Reference manual, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo 1999-2016, available online: 2016.
  • 21. KOWALCZEWSKA-MADURA K., GOŁDYN R. Spatial and seasonal variability of pore water phosphorus concentration in shallow Lake Swarzędzkie, Poland. Environ. Monit. Assess. 184, 3, 1509, 2012.
  • 22. KOWALCZEWSKA-MADURA K., GOŁDYN R. Models of phosphorus turn-over in a hypertrophic lake: The Lake Swarzędzkie case study. Oceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud., 39 (3), 21, 2010.
  • 23. KOWALCZEWSKA-MADURA K., GOŁDYN R., Anthropogenic changes in water quality in the Swarzędzkie Lake (West Poland), Limnol. Rev. 6, 147, 2006.
  • 24. STEFANIAK K., GOŁDYN R., KOWALCZEWSKA-MADURA K., Changes of summer phytoplankton communities in Lake Swarzędzkie in the 2000-2003 period, Oceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud., 36, 1, 77, 2007.
  • 25. ROSIŃSKA J., RYBAK, M., GOŁDYN, R., Patterns of macrophyte community recovery as a result of the restoration of a shallow urban lake, Aquat. Bot. 138: 45, 2017.
  • 26. ZANCHETT G., OLIVEIRA-FILHO E.C. Cyanobacteria and Cyanotoxins: From Impacts on Aquatic Ecosystems and Human Health to Anticarcinogenic Effects. Toxins, 5 (10), 1896, 2013.
  • 28. SOLIS M., PAWLIK-SKOWROŃSKA B., KALINOWSKA R. Seasonal changes of phytoplankton and cyanobacteria/cyanotoxin risk in two shallow morphologically altered lakes: Effects of water level manipulation (Wieprz – Krzna Canal System, Eastern Poland), Ecological Indicators 66, 103, 2016.
  • 29. VISSER P.M., IBELINGS B.W., BORMANS M., HUISMAN J., Artificial mixing to control cyanobacterial blooms: a review, Aquat. Ecol. 50, 423, 2016.
  • 30. PĘCZUŁA W. Methods Applied in Cyanobacterial Bloom Control in Shallow Lakes and Reservoirs. Ecological Chemistry and Engineering. 19 (7), 795, 2012.
  • 31. BORMANS M., MARŠÁLEK B., JANČULA D. Controlling internal phosphorus loading in lakes by physical methods to reduce cyanobacterial blooms: a review. Aquat Ecol. 50, 407, 2016.
  • 32. NAPIÓRKOWSKA-KRZEBIETKE A., PASZTALENIEC A., HUTOROWICZ A. Phytoplankton metrics response to the increasing phosphorus and nitrogen gradient in shallow lakes, J. Elem. 17 (2), 289, 2012.
  • 33. GOŁDYN R., MESSYASZ B., DOMEK P., WINDHORST W., HUGENSCHMIDT C., NICOARA M., PLAVAN G. The response of Lake Durowskie ecosystem to restoration measures, Carpath. J. Earth. Env. 8 (3), 43, 2013.
  • 34. JEPPESEN E., SØNDERGAARD M., LIU Z. Lake Restoration and Management in a Climate Change Perspective: An Introduction. Water, 9, 122, 2017.
  • 35. URRUTIA-CORDERO P., EKVALL M. K., HANSSON L-A. Controlling Harmful Cyanobacteria: Taxa-Specific Responses of Cyanobacteria to Grazing by Large-Bodied Daphnia in a Biomanipulation Scenario PLoS ONE, 11, 4, 2016.
  • 36. BUDZYŃSKA A. Changes in the phytoplankton of two lakes under the influence of restoration within the use of iron sulfate. PhD thesis, manuscript, 2012 [In Polish].
  • 37. EPE T.S., FINSTERLE K., YASSERI S. Nine years of phosphorus management with lanthanum modified bentonite (Phoslock) in a eutrophic, shallow swimming lake in Germany, Lake and Reservoir Management, 2017 [In press].
  • 38. PERETYATKO A., TEISSIER S., DE BACKER S., TRIEST, L. Biomanipulation of hypereutrophic ponds: when it works and why it fails, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 184 (3), 1531, 2012.
  • 39. JAWORSKA B., GAWROŃSKA H., ŁOPATA M. Changes in the phytoplankton community of a lake restored with phosphorus inactivation (Lake Głęboczek, northern Poland). Oceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud., 38, 1, 93, 2009.
  • 40. SU Y., ZHANG C., LIU J., WENG Y., LI H., ZHANG D. Assessing the impacts of phosphorus inactive clay on phosphorus release control and phytoplankton community structure in eutrophic lakes, Environmental Pollution 219, 620, 2016.
  • 41. LANG P., MEIS S., PROCHAZKOVA L., CARVALHO L., MACKAY E.B, WOODS H.J., POTTIE J., MILNE I., TAYLOR C., MABERLY S.C., SPEARS B.M. Phytoplankton community responses in a shallow lake following lanthanum-bentonite application, Water Research 97, 15, 55, 2016.
  • 42. ZĘBEK E., SZWEJKOWSKA M. Influence evaluation of pretreated storm water on analysis of cyanobacteria numbers in Jeziorak Mały urban lake at various precipitation rates. Ochrona Środowiska 36 (1), 27, 2014.
  • 43. BUDZYŃSKA A., GOŁDYN R. Domination of invasive Nostocales (Cyanoprokaryota) at 52°N latitude. Phycological Research 2017 [In press].
  • 44. JEPPESEN E., PEDER JENSEN J., SØNDERGAARD M., LAURIDSEN T., LANDKILDEHUS F. Trophic structure, species richness and biodiversity in Danish lakes: changes along a phosphorus gradient, Freshwater Biol. 45, 201, 2000.
  • 45. ZĘBEK E., NAPIÓRKOWSKA-KRZEBIETKE A. Response of phytoplankton to protective-restoration treatments enhancing water quality in a shallow urban lake. Environ. Monit. Assess. 188, 623, 2016.
  • 46. MOORE B.C., CHRISTENSEN D. Newman Lake restoration: A case study. Part I. Chemical and biological responses to phosphorus control. Lake and Reservoir Management 25, 337, 2009.
  • 47. RATTAN, K.J. Comparative analyses of physiological assays and chlorophyll a variable fluorescence parameters: investigating the importance of phosphorus availability in oligotrophic and eutrophic freshwater systems, Aquatic Ecology, 2017 [In press].
  • 48. ROTTBERGER J., GRUBER A., BOENIGK J., KROTH P.G. Influence of nutrients and light on autotrophic, mixotrophic and heterotrophic freshwater chrysophytes, Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 71 (2), 179, 2013.
  • 49. ÖZKAN K., JEPPESEN E., DAVIDSON T.A., BJERRING R., JOHANSSON L.S., SØNDERGAARD M., LAURIDSEN T.L., SVENNING J-C. Long-term trends and temporal synchrony in plankton richness, diversity and biomass driven by re-oligotrophication and climate across 17 Danish Lakes. Water 8, 427, 2016.
  • 50. LERUSTE A., MALET N., MUNARON D., DEROLEZ V., HATEY E., COLLOS Y., DE WIT R., BEC B. First steps of ecological restoration in Mediterranean lagoons: Shifts in phytoplankton communities Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 180, 190, 2016.
  • 51. DEMBOWSKA E., GŁOGOWSKA B., DĄBROWSKI K. Dynamics of algae communities in an oxbow lake (Vistula River, Poland), Arch. Pol. Fish. 20, 27, 2012.
  • 52. KOZAK A., KOWALCZEWSKA-MADURA K. Pelagic phytoplankton of shallow lakes, Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 19, 593, 2010.
  • 53. KECK BOUCHEZ A., FRANC A., RIMET F. Linking phylogenetic similarity and pollution sensitivity to develop ecological assessment methods: a test with river diatoms, Journal of Applied Ecology 53, 856, 2016.
  • 54. CELEWICZ-GOŁDYN S., KLIMKO M., KUCZYŃSKA-KIPPEN N., NAGENGAST B. Relationship between plankton assemblages and habitat characteristics of stands of Typha angustifolia and Chara hispida in Lake Wielkowiejskie, Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies 39, 127, 2010.

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.