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2014 | 60 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Screening of various solvents and extracts of Achillea latiloba Ledeb. ex Nordm for antibacterial and antifungal activities

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Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
Badania przesiewowe na aktywność antybakteryjną i przeciwgrzybiczną wyciągów z Achillea latiloba Ledeb. ex Nordm otrzymanych za pomocą różnych rozpuszczalników
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In this study the antibacterial and antifungal activities of extracted Achillea latiloba Ledeb. ex Nordm (Asteraceae) samples in acetone, ethyl acetate, ethanol, methanol and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) from Trabzon Province (Turkey) were investigated. Antimicrobial activity of A. latiloba varied depending on the extract of samples, dosage of extracts, and the extraction solvents for all test microorganisms. Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus salivarius, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Streptococcus mutans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus licheniformis, Micrococcus luteus, Bacillus subtillis, Proteus vulgaris and Candida albicans were studied with use of disc diffusion and agar dilution method. The results indicated that each of the crude extracts of Achillea latiloba exhibited a more or less pronounced antibacterial and antifungal potency both in Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and fungi. While in the Gram-negative group, the most sensitive microorganism to Achillea latiloba were S. enteritidis and Streptococcus mutans which is Gram-positive. In the Gram-positive group, the microorganisms most sensitive to Achillea latiloba were Streptococcus mutans and L. monocytogenes. However, the least sensitive microorganism was P. vulgaris. The results presented in this paper suggest that Achillea latiloba possesses additional antimicrobial activities that has an effect against some Gram-negative, Grampositive bacteria and fungi.
PL
Badano aktywność antybakteryjną i przeciwgrzybiczą próbek wyciągów otrzymanych za pomocą ekstrakcji acetonem, metanelem, octanem etylu lub sulfotlenkiem dimetylu (DMSO) z Achillea latiloba Ledeb. ex Nordm (Asteraceae) z prowincji Trabzon w Turcji. W przypadku wszystkich badanych mikroorganizmów aktywność antybakteryjna A. latiloba różniła się w zależności od zastosowanego wyciągu, dawki wyciągu i stosowanego rozpuszczalnika. Badania nad Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus salivarius, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Streptococcus mutans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus licheniformis, Micrococcus luteus, Bacillus subtillis, Proteus vulgaris i Candida albicans wykonano stosujac metodę krążków bibułowych i metodą rozcieńczeń seryjnych w podłożu agarowym. Wyniki sugerują, że surowy ekstrakt z Achillea latiloba wykazywał silniejszy lub słabszy potencjał antybakteryjny i przeciwgrzybiczy zarówno przeciw bakteriom Gram-dodatnim, Gramujemnym, jak i grzybom. Wśród Gram-ujemnych bakterii najbardziej wrażliwa na Achillea latiloba była S. enteritidis, a wśród Gram-dodatnich Streptococcus mutans. W grupie Gramdodatnich bakterii najwrażliwsza na Achillea lalitoba były Streptococcus mutans i L. monocytogenes. Jednak najmniej wrażliwym mikroorganizmem był P. vulgaris. Wyniki prezentowane w tej pracy sugerują, że Achillea latiloba wykazuje właściwości antybakteryjne w stosunku do niektórych bakterii Gram-dodatnich, Gram-ujemnych i grzybów.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
60
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.29-40,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Ordu University, 52200 Ordu, Turkey
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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