PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Czasopismo
2017 | 78 |
Tytuł artykułu

Taxus baccata in Morocco: a tree in regression in its southern extreme

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The knowledge on chorology of species is basic for biogeographic and ecological studies and for conservation actions. The data on the chorology of Taxus baccata in Morocco have not been studied. The bibliographic resources, herbarium material, unpublished data of several botanists and the authors’ field notes have been reviewed. Two yew populations on Jbel Lakrâa in the Rif and near Bekrit in the Middle Atlas were measured to verify demographic structure and health conditions. The Maxent model of predicted habitat based on bioclimatic variables was used to evaluate the potential geographic range of T. baccata. The species occurs in the mountain areas of northern Morocco: in the Rif, the Middle and High Atlas, at altitudes between (500) 1200 and 2000 (2350) m. In the High Atlas, it reaches its southernmost locations within the geographic range. The populations represented by the highest number of individuals are found in the Western Rif and Middle Atlas, while from the High Atlas only single, isolated individuals are known. The yew occurred preferably in forests of Cedrus atlantica, Abies maroccana, groves of Betula fontqueri, Ilex aquifolium and Prunus lusitanica and in riparian forests located in narrow gorges. Seedlings were observed only at single localities. The population of T. baccata in the Rif presented a good health condition with successful regeneration, while the population in the Middle Atlas was in a much worse state, where only 4–8 m high yews were observed, without natural regeneration. The Maxent model of predicted habitat, based on bioclimatic variables, suggests that T. baccata could occur today in much broader mountainous areas in Morocco, especially in the Rif and Middle Atlas. However, the progressive decline of this species in Morocco indicates the significant importance of other factors on yew distribution, including microsite conditions and human pressure. Taxus baccata in Morocco is in regression at most of its localities and should be treated as a vulnerable species. Measures to ensure the yew’s conservation are needed, especially at its southernmost localities in the High Atlas.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
78
Opis fizyczny
p.63–74,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
Bibliografia
  • Barbéro M, Loisel R & Quézel P (1974) Problèmes posés par l’interprétation phytosociologique des Quercetea ilicis et des Quercetea pubescentes. CNRS, Colloques Internationaux du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) 235: 481–497.
  • Barbéro M, Quézel P & Rivas-Martínez S (1981) Contribution à l’étude des groupements forestiers et préforestiers du Maroc. Phytocoenologia 9: 311–412.
  • Bellakhdar J (1997) La pharmacopée marocaine traditionnelle: Médecine arabe ancienne et savoirs populaires. Ibis Press, Paris, France.
  • Benabid A (1983a) Études biogéographiques et dynamiques des peuplements foréstiers du Rif (Maroc). Annales de la Recherche Forestière au Maroc 23: 53–128.
  • Benabid A (1983b) Problèmes posés par l’aménagement sylvopastoral et la préforestation dans le Rif centro-occidental (Maroc). Annales de la Recherche Forestière au Maroc 23: 387–423.
  • Benabid A (1984) Études phytoécologique des peuplements foréstiers et préforestiers du Rif Centro-occidental (Maroc). Travaux de l’Institut Scientifique, Série Botanique 34: 1–64.
  • Benabid A (2000) Flore et écosystèmes du Maroc. Évaluation et préservation de la biodiversité. Éditions Ibis Press, Paris, France.
  • Benkhnigue O, Ben Akka F, Salhi S, Fadli M, Douira A & Zidane L (2014) Catalogue des plantes médicinales utilisées dans le traitement du diabetes dans la région d’Al Haouz-Rhamne (Maroc). Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 23: 3539–3568.
  • Bnouham M, Merhfour FZ, Elachoui M, Legssyer A, Mekhfi H, Lamnaouer D & Ziyyat A (2006) Toxic effects of some medicinal plants used in Moroccan traditional medicine. Moroccan Journal of Biology 2–3: 21–30.
  • Browicz K (1982) Chorology of trees and shrubs in south-west Asia and adjacent regions. PWN, Warszawa – Poznań, Poland.
  • Chambouleyron M (2012) Contribution à la connaissance de la flore de la péninsule tingitane (Maroc). Lagascalia 32: 35–227.
  • Charco J (1999) El bosque mediterráneo en el Norte de Africa. Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional, Madrid, Spain.
  • Charco J (2001) Guía de los árboles y arbustos del Norte de Africa. Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional, Madrid, Spain.
  • Charco J (2007) Biogeografía del tejo (Taxus baccata L.) en el norte de África: El tejo en el Mediterráneo occidental: Jornadas Internacionales sobre el tejo y las tejeras en el Mediterráneo occidental (ed. by L Serra) Generalitat Valenciana, Conselleria de Territori i Habitatge, Alcoy, Spain, pp. 177–183.
  • Cheddadi R, Bouaissa O, Rhoujjati A & Dezileau L (2016) Environmental changes in the moroccan western Rif mountains over the last 9,000 years. Quaternaire 27: 15–25. doi:10.4000/quaternaire.7517
  • Cheddadi R, Lamb HF, Guiot S & van der Kaars S (1998) Holocene climatic change in Morocco: a quantitative reconstruction from pollen data. Climate Dynamics 14: 883–890.
  • Cortés S, Vasco F & Blanco E (2000) El libro del tejo (Taxus baccata L.). Un proyecto para su conservación. Edita Arba, Madrid, Spain.
  • Culmsee H (2004) Vegetation und Weidenutzung im westlichen Hohen Atlas (Marokko). Dissertationes Botanicae 389: 1–244.
  • Davis DK (2006) Neoliberalism, environmentalism, and agricultural restructuring in Morocco. The Geographical Journal 172: 88–105.
  • Deil U (1984) Zur vegetation im Zentralen Rif (Nordmarokko). Dissertationes Botanicae 74: 1–180.
  • Devaney JL, Jansen MAK & Whelan MP (2014) Spatial patterns of natural regeneration in stands of English yew (Taxus baccata L.); Negative neighbourhood effects. Forest Ecology and Management 321: 52–60.
  • Esteban LG, Palacios P & Rodríguez-Losada Aguado L (2010) Abies pinsapo forests in Spain and Morocco: threats and conservation. Oryx 44: 276–284. doi:10.1017/S0030605310000190.
  • Emberger L (1938) Les arbres du Maroc et comment les reconnaître. Larose, Paris, France.
  • Emberger L (1939) Aperçu général sur la végétation du Maroc. Veröffentlichungen des Geobotanischen Institut Rübel in Zürich 14: 40–157.
  • Emberger L & Maire R (1941) Catalogue des plantes du Maroc, vol. 4. Imprimerie Minerva, Alger, Algeria.
  • Farris E & Filigheddu R (2008) Effects of browsing in relation to vegetation cover on common yew (Taxus baccata L.) recruitment in Mediterranean environments. Plant Ecology 199: 309–318.
  • Fennane M (2003) Inventaire des communautés végétales, à l’aide du phytosociologue, au Maroc. Phytosociological checklist of Morocco. Ecologia Mediterranea 29: 87–106.
  • Fennane M (2004) Propositions de zones importantes pour les plantes au Maroc (ZIP Maroc). Institut Scientifique, Rabat, Morocco.
  • Fennane M & Ibn Tattou M (1998) Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc. Bocconea 8: 5–234.
  • Fennane M & Ibn Tattou M (2005) Flore vasculaire du Maroc, vol. 1. Travaux de l’Institut Scientifique, Série Botanique 35: 1–483.
  • Fletcher WJ & Sánchez Goñi MF (2008) Orbital- and sub-orbital-scale climate impacts on vegetation of the western Mediterranean basin over the last 48,000 yr. Quaternary Research 70: 451–464.
  • Fougrach H, Badri W & Malki M (2007) Flora vasculaire rare et menacée du Massif de Tazekka (région de Taza, Maroc). Bulletin de l’Institut Scientifique, Rabat. Section Sciences de la Vie 29: 1–10.
  • García D, Zamora R, Hódar JA, Gómez JM & Castro J (2000) Yew (Taxus baccata L.) regeneration is facilitated by fleshy-fruited shrubs in Mediterranean environments. Biological Conservation 95: 31–38.
  • González-Martínez SC, Dubreuil M, Riba M, Vendramin GG, Sebastiani F & Mayol M (2010) Spatial genetic structure of Taxus baccata L. in the western Mediterranean Basin: Past and present limits to gene movement over a broad geographic scale. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55: 805–815.
  • Hampe A & Petit JR (2005) Conserving biodiversity under climate change: the rear edge matters. Ecology Letters 8: 461–467.
  • Hijmans RJ, Cameron SE, Parra JL, Jones PG & Jarvis A (2005) Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas. International Journal of Climatology 25: 1965–1978. doi: 10.1002/joc.1276.
  • Hultén E & Fries M (1986) Atlas of north European vascular plants. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany.
  • Iszkuło G & Jasińska AK (2004) Variation in sex expression in Polish and Ukrainian populations of Taxus baccata L. Dendrobiology 52: 29–32.
  • Iszkuło G, Jasińska AK, Giertych MJ & Boratyński A (2009) Do secondary sexual dimorphism and female intolerance to drought influence the sex ratio and extinction risk of Taxus baccata? Plant Ecology 200: 229–240.
  • Iszkuło G, Pers-Kamczyc E, Nalepka D, Rabska M, Walas Ł & Dering M (2016) Postglacial migration dynamics helps to explain current scattered distribution of Taxus baccata. Dendrobiology 76: 81–89.
  • IUCN (2012) IUCN Red List categories and criteria: version 3.1. Cambridge, England.
  • Jahandiez E & Maire R (1931) Catalogues de plantes du Maroc, vol. 1. Imprimerie Minerva, Alger, Algeria.
  • Jalas J & Suominen J (1973) Atlas Florae Europaeae, vol. 2. The Committee for Mapping the Flora of Europe and Societas Biologica Fennica Vanamo, Helsinki, Finland.
  • Jaramillo-Correa JP, Grivet D, Terrab A, Kurt Y, De-Lucas AI, Wahid N, Vendramin GG & González-Martínez SC (2010) The Strait of Gibraltar as a major biogeographic barrier in Mediterranean conifers: a comparative phylogeographic survey. Molecular Ecology 19: 5452–5468.
  • Lamb HF, Damblon F & Maxted RW (1991) Human impact on the vegetation of the Middle Atlas, Morocco, during the last 5000 years. Journal of Biogeography 18: 519–532.
  • Lamb HF & van der Kaars S (1995) Vegetational response to Holocene climatic change: pollen and palaeolimnological data from the Middle Atlas, Morocco. The Holocene 5: 400–408.
  • Lecompte M (1969) La végétation du Moyen Atlas central. Travaux de l’Institut Scientifique Chérifien, série Botanique 31: 1–31.
  • Lecompte M (1973) Aperçu sur la végétation dans Le Rif occidental calcaire (Massif de Talassemtane). Travaux Recherche Coopérative Publique 249 CNRS 1: 89–104.
  • Linares JC (2013) Shifting limiting factors for population dynamics and conservation status of the endangered English yew (Taxus baccata L., Taxaceae). Forest Ecology and Management 291: 119–127.
  • Lionello P (2012) The climate of the Mediterranean region. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Holland.
  • Lionello P, Abrantes F, Gacic M, Planton S, Trigo R & Ulbrich U (2014) The climate of the Mediterranean region: research progress and climate change impacts. Regional Environmental Change 14: 1679–1684. doi:10.1007/s10113-014-0666-0.
  • Maire R (1952) Flore de l’Afrique du Nord, vol. 1. Lechevalier, Paris, France.
  • Mayol M, Riba M, González-Martínez SC, Bagnoli F, de Beaulieu J-L, Berganzo E, Burgarella C, Dubreuil M, Krajmerová D, Paule L, Romšáková I, Vettori C, Vincenot L & Vendramin GG (2015) Adapting through glacial cycles: insights from a long-lived tree (Taxus baccata ). New Phytologist 208: 973–986. doi:10.1111/nph.13496.
  • Mathez J, Quézel P & Raynaud C (1985) The Maghreb countries: Plant conservation in the Mediterranean area (ed. by C Gomez-Campo) Junk Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands.
  • Meusel H, Jäger E & Weinert E (1965) Vergleichende chorologie der zentraleuropäischen flora, vol. 1. G. Fischer, Jena, Germany.
  • Myking T, Vakkari P & Skrøppa T (2009) Genetic variation in northern marginal Taxus baccata L. populations. Implications for conservation. Forestry 82: 529–539.
  • Nimasow G, Nimasow OD, Rawat JS, Tsering G & Litin T (2016) Remote sensing and GIS-based suitability modeling of medicinal plant (Taxus baccata Linn.) in Tawang district, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Current Science 110: 219–227.
  • Olmedo-Cobo JA & Gómez-Zotano J (2014) El tejo en el sur de España: análisis geoecológico y propuesta de conservación de una población mediterránea en peligro crítico de extinción. Bosque 35: 23–36.
  • Peyre C (1973) Quelques aspects de la végétation du massif du Bou Iblane. CNRS. Travaux de la Recherche Coopérative Publique 249: 129–147.
  • Peyre C (1983) Étagement de la végétation et gradients climatiques dans le système Atlasique Marocain. Le bassin de l’Oued Rdat et le versant sud de l’Atlas au Méridien du Tizi N’Tichka. Bulletin de la Faculté des Sciences de Marrakech (Section Sciences de la Vie) 2: 87–139.
  • Phillips SJ, Anderson RP & Schapire RE (2006) Maximum entropy modeling of species geographic distributions. Ecological Modelling 190: 231–259.
  • Pridnya MV (1984) Phytocenotic status and structure of the Khosta common yew population in the Caucasus Biosphere Reserve. Soviet Journal of Ecology 15: 1–6.
  • Quézel P (2002) Réflexions sur l’évolution de la flore et de la végétation au Maghreb méditerranéen. Ibis, Paris, France.
  • Raynaud C & Sauvage C (1974–1978) Catalogue des végétaux vasculaires du Talassemtane (Rif occidental). Travaux Recherche Coopérative Publique 249 CNRS 2: 209–230; 3: 143–178; 4: 149–204.
  • Romo AM (2004) Biogeografía de la vegetación en las montañas de Marruecos: Estudios en Biogeografía (ed. by JM Panareda, ME Arozena, C Sanz & N López) Aster, Terrassa, Spain, pp. 89–96.
  • Romo A & Boratyński A (2005) Chorology of Juniperus thurifera (Cupressaceae) in Morocco. Dendrobiology 54: 41–50.
  • Ruiz B, Gil MJ & Duque D (2014) Vegetation history in the Oukaïmedene Valley. Human action and evolution of the landscape. Complutum 25: 123–137.
  • Ruiz de la Torre J (1955) El matorral en Yebala (Marruecos Español). Instituto de Estudios Africanos CSIC, Madrid, Spain.
  • Ruiz de la Torre J (1956) La vegetación natural del Norte de Marruecos y la elección de especies para su repoblación forestal. Servicio de Montes, Centro de Investigaciones y Experiencias Forestales, Larache, Morocco.
  • Sauvage Ch (1941) L’if dans le Grand Atlas. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles du Maroc 21: 82–90.
  • Sauvage Ch (1943) Annotations au catalogue des plantes du Maroc. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles du Maroc 23: 127–140.
  • Schirone B, Ferreira RC, Vessella F, Schirone A, Piredda R & Simeone MC (2010) Taxus baccata in the Azores: a relict form at risk of imminent extinction. Biodiversity Conservation 19: 1547–1565. doi: 10.1007/s10531-010-9786-0.
  • Serra L (2007) El tejo en el Mediterráneo occidental. Jornadas Internacionales sobre el tejo y las tejeras en el Mediterráneo occidental. Generalitat Valenciana, Conselleria de Territori i Habitatge, Alcoy, Spain.
  • Takhtajan A (1986) Floristic regions of the world. (translated by TJ Crovello & A Cronquist) University of California Press, Berkeley, USA.
  • Taleb MS & Fennane M (2008) Diversité floristique du Parc National du Haut Atlas Oriental et des massifs Ayachi et Maâsker (Maroc). Acta Botanica Malacitana 33: 125–145.
  • Taleb MS & Fennane M (2011) Morocco: important plant areas of the South and East Mediterranean region: priority sites for conservation (ed. by A Radford, G Catullo & B de Montmollin), IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Malaga, Spain, pp. 22–26.
  • Thomas PA & Polwart A (2003) Taxus baccata L. Journal of Ecology 91: 489–524.
  • Thompson JD (2005) Plant evolution in the Mediterranean. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England.
  • Van Andel TH & Tzedakis PC (1996) Paleolithic landscapes of Europe and environs, 150,000–25,000 years ago: an overview. Quaternary Science Review 15: 481–500.
  • Vessella F, Simeone MC, Fernandes FM, Schirone A, Gomes MP & Schirone B (2013) Morphological and molecular data from Madeira support the persistence of an ancient lineage of Taxus baccata L. in Macaronesia and call for immediate conservation actions. Caryologia 66: 162–177. doi: 10.1080/00087114.2013.821842.
  • Vessella F, Salis A, Scirè M, Piovesan G & Schirone B (2015) Natural regeneration and gender-specific spatial pattern of Taxus baccata in an old-growth population in Foresta Umbra (Italy). Dendrobiology 73: 75–90.
  • Zapata L, López-Sáez JA, Ruiz-Alonso M, Linstädter J, Pérez-Jordà G, Morales J, Kehl M & Peña-Chocarro L (2013) Holocene environmental change and human impact in NE Morocco: Palaeobotanical evidence from Ifri Oudadane. The Holocene 23: 1286–1296. doi: 10.1177/0959683613486944.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-c8107e0e-ec5a-4a61-862c-cd1912c297ef
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.