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2013 | 58 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

A termite from the Late Oligocene of northern Ethiopia

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Termites of the family Stolotermitidae are a relict lineage of primitive Isoptera. The fossil record of Stolotermitidae is exceptionally poor, with only two Miocene (Neogene) species documented to date. Herein, a new genus and species of Paleogene termites is described and figured from the Late Oligocene (28–27 Ma, Early Chattian) of northwestern Ethiopia (Amhara Region, Chilga Woreda). Chilgatermes diamatensis gen. et sp. nov., is most similar to genera of the Stolotermitidae, Archotermopsidae, and Termopsidae but can be distinguished on the basis of forewing venational details. The genus is tentatively placed in the Stolotermitidae: Porotermitinae. Chilgatermes diamatensis is the first fossil termite from Ethiopia and, indeed, the first from the entire African continent.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
58
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.331-334,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Division of Entomology (Paleoentomology), Natural History Museum, and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas, 1501 Crestline Drive - Suite 140, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA; and Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th, New York, New York 10024-5192, USA
autor
  • Don Harrington Discovery Center, 1200 Streit Drive, Amarillo, Texas 79106-1759, USA, and Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 1700 N. University Drive, Fort Worth, Texas 76107-3400, USA
autor
  • Roy M. Huffington Department of Earth Sciences, Southern Methodist University, PO Box 750395, Dallas, Texas 75275-0395, USA
Bibliografia
  • Emerson, A.E. 1942. The relations of a relict South African termite (Isoptera, Hodotermitidae, Stolotermes). American Museum Novitates 1187: 1–12.
  • Engel, M.S. and Gross, M. 2009. A giant termite from the Late Miocene of Styria, Austria (Isoptera). Naturwissenschaften 96: 289–295.
  • Engel, M.S., Grimaldi, D.A., and Krishna, K. 2007a. A synopsis of Baltic amber termites (Isoptera). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie) 372: 1–20.
  • Engel, M.S., Grimaldi, D.A., and Krishna, K. 2007b. Primitive termites from the Early Cretaceous of Asia (Isoptera). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie) 371: 1–32.
  • Engel, M.S., Grimaldi, D.A., and Krishna, K. 2009. Termites (Isoptera): Their phylogeny, classification, and rise to ecological dominance. American Museum Novitates 3650: 1–27.
  • Engel, M.S., Grimaldi, D.A., Nascimbene, P.C., and Singh, H. 2011a. The termites of Early Eocene Cambay amber, with the earliest record of the Termitidae (Isoptera). ZooKeys 148: 105–123.
  • Engel, M.S., Nel, A., Azar, D., Soriano, C., Tafforeau, P., Néraudeau, D., Colin, J.−P., and Perrichot, V. 2011b. New, primitive termites (Isoptera) from Early Cretaceous ambers of France and Lebanon. Palaeodiversity 4: 29–39.
  • Fujiyama, I. 1983. Neogene termites from northeastern districts of Japan, with references to the occurrence of fossil insects in the districts. Memoirs of the National Science Museum, Tokyo 16: 83–99.
  • Grimaldi, D. and Engel, M.S. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. xv + 755 pp. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Grimaldi, D.A., Engel, M.S., and Krishna, K. 2008. The species of Isoptera (Insecta) from the Early Cretaceous Crato Formation: A revision. American Museum Novitates 3626: 1–30.
  • Hoffman, C., Courtillot, V., Feraud, G., Rochette, P., Yirgus, G., Ketefos, E., and Pik, R. 1997. Timing of the Ethiopian flood basalt event and implications for plume birth and global change. Nature 389: 838–841.
  • Holmgren, N. 1910. Das System der Termiten. Zoologischer Anzeiger 35: 284–286.
  • Jacobs, B., Tabor, N., Feseha, M., Pan, A., Kappelman, J., Rasmussen, T., Sanders W., Wiemann, M., Crabaugh, J., and Garcia Massini, J.L. 2005. Oligocene terrestrial strata of northwestern Ethiopia: A preliminary report on paleoenvironments and paleontology. Palaeontologia Electronica 8 (1): 1–19 [25A].
  • Kappelman, J., Rasmussen, D.T., Sanders, W.J., Feseha, M., Bown, T.M., Copeland, P., Crabaugh, J., Fleagle, J.G., Glantz, M., Gordon, A., Jacobs, B.F., Maga, M., Muldoon, K., Pan, A., Pyne, L., Richmond, B., Ryan, T.J., Seiffert, E.R., Sen, S., Todd, L., Wiemann, M.C., and Winkler, A. 2003. New Oligocene mammals from Ethiopia and the pattern and timing of faunal exchange between Afro−Arabia and Eurasia. Nature 426: 549–552.
  • Kaulfuss, U., Harris, A.C., and Lee, D.E. 2010. A new fossil termite (Isoptera, Stolotermitidae, Stolotermes) from the Early Miocene of Otago, New Zealand. Acta Geologica Sinica 84: 705–709.
  • Krishna, K. and Grimaldi, D. 2009. Diverse Rhinotermitidae and Termitidae (Isoptera) in Dominican amber.American Museum Novitates 3640: 1–48.
  • Krishna, K., Grimaldi, D.A., Krishna, V., and Engel, M.S. 2013. Treatise on the Isoptera of the world. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 377: 1–2704.
  • Lacey, M.J., Sémon, E., Krasulová, J., Sillam−Dussès, D., Robert, A., Cornette, R., Hoskovec, M., Žáček, P., Valterová, I., and Bordereau, C. 2011. Chemical communication in termites: syn−4,6−dimethylundecan−1−ol as trail following pheromone,syn−4,6−dimethylundecanal and (5E)−2,6,10−trimethylundeca−5,9−dienal as the respective male and female sex pheromones in Hodotermopsis sjoestedti (Isoptera, Archotermopsidae). Journal of Insect Physiology 57: 1585–1591.
  • Lo, N. and Eggleton, P. 2010. Termite phylogenetics and co−cladogenesis with symbionts.In: D.E. Bignell, Y. Roisin, and N. Lo (eds.), Biology of Termites: A Modern Synthesis, 27–50. Springer Verlag, Berlin.
  • Pan, A.D. 2007. The Late Oligocene (28–27 Ma) Guang River Flora from the Northwestern Plateau of Ethiopia. 235 pp.. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Southern Methodist University, Dallas.
  • Pan, A.D. 2010. Rutaceae leaf fossils from the Late Oligocene (27.23 Ma) Guang River flora of northwestern Ethiopia. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 159: 188–194.
  • Pan, A.D. and Jacobs, B.F. 2009. The earliest record of the genus Cola (Malvaceae sensu lato: Sterculioideae) from the Late Oligocene (28–27 Ma) of Ethiopia and leaf characteristics within the genus. Plant Systematics and Evolution 283: 247–262.
  • Pan, A.D., Jacobs, B.F., and Herendeen, P.S. 2010. Detarieae sensu lato (Fabaceae) from the Late Oligocene (27.23 Ma) Guang River flora of north−western Ethiopia. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 44–54.
  • Schlüter, T. 2003. Fossil insects in Gondwana−localities and palaeodiversity trends. Acta zoologica cracoviensia 46 (supplement): 345–371.
  • Wappler, T. and Engel, M.S. 2006. A new record of Mastotermes from the Eocene of Germany (Isoptera: Mastotermitidae). Journal of Paleontology 80: 380–385.
  • Ware, J.L., Grimaldi, D.A., and Engel, M.S. 2010. The effects of fossil placement and calibration on divergence times and rates: An example from the termites (Insecta: Isoptera). Arthropod Structure and Development 39: 204–219.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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