The study on the structure of Norway spruce old−growth stands of original provenience in upper mountain zone was carried out in a nature reserve ‘Śnieżnik Kłodzki', located in the Lądek Zdrój Forest District (SW Poland). The fieldwork was conducted in three spruce stands located at the altitude of 1,215 and 1,235 m a.s.l. The breast height diameters (dbh) of living trees were characterized. The aim of this study is to characterize the structure of dbh of trees in spruce stands of subalpine forest. Implementation of the objective will be associated with the characteristics of empirical distributions dbh and an indication of theoretical distributions of continuous random variable best approximating the structure of dbh. The comparison of empirical dbh distributions with 36 theoretical distributions were carried out, but goodness−of−fit tests proven statistically significant compatibility with seventeen of them: beta (4−parameter), Cauchy, exponential power, folded normal, gamma (3−parameter), generalized logistic, Laplace, logistic, loglogistic, loglogistic (3−parameter), lognormal (3−parameter), noncentral chi−square, normal, smallest extreme value, triangular, Weibull and Weibull (3−parameter). The dbh distributions in upper mountain spruce stands are the best fitted with logistic distribution, and subsequently loglogistic (3−parameter), generalized logistic and Weibull (3−parameter) distributions. That four distributions can be used in individual tree growth models while generating structure dbh of trees in the stand. The knowledge of dbh structure in protected stands could be helpful in shaping spruce stand structure in planned silvicultural treatments, and shows the need for silvicultural treatments in upper mountain spruce stands.