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2009 | 18 | 5 |
Tytuł artykułu

Study of arsenic concentration levels in Pakistani drinking water

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Arsenic contamination in drinking water is one of the major causes of arsenicosis, a clinical syndrome due to drinking arsenic-rich water. Data on arsenic concentration levels in drinking water is lacking in Pakistan. Knowledge of arsenic concentration in ground water used for drinking is essential to introduce a strategy to avoid arsenic contamination associated with health hazards. The present work deals with the assessment of arsenic concentration levels in ground water in eight provincial districts of Punjab, Pakistan. During a study conducted in 2001-03 by the provincial Local Government and Community Development department in the Punjab province, 4,547 drinking water samples were collected and analyzed using atomic absorption spectrometry technique. The results show that arsenic levels in drinking water varied from 6 to 12 ng ml-1 with a mean value of 8.5±1.6 ng ml-1, which is below the recommended World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines of 10 ng ml-1 for drinking water. The data generated in this study will provide base line values for monitoring arsenic concentrations in drinking water in the surveyed area.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
18
Numer
5
Opis fizyczny
p.907-912,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Directorate General of Local Government and Community Development Department, Govt. of the Punjab, 4th Floor, Local Government Complex, Sanda Road, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Directorate General of Local Government and Community Development Department, Govt. of the Punjab, 4th Floor, Local Government Complex, Sanda Road, Lahore, Pakistan
Bibliografia
  • 1. NIEDZIELSKI P., SIEPAK J., SIEPAK M. Total contents of arsenic, antimony and selenium in groundwater samples from Western Poland, Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 10, (5), 347, 2001.
  • 2. LOSKA K., WIECHULA D., BARSKA B., CEBULA, E., CHOJNECKA, A. Assessment of arsenic enrichment of cultivated soils in Southern Poland, J. Environ. Stud., 12, (2), 187, 2003.
  • 3. Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Ministry of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan, 2003.
  • 4. ZHAO F.J., BELLIDO F.J.L., GRAY C.W., WHALLEY W.R., CLARK L.J., MCGRATH S.P. Effects of soil compaction and irrigation on the concentrations of selenium and arsenic in wheat grains, Sci. Total Environ. 372, 433, 2007.
  • 5. MEHARG A.A., RAHMAN M., Arsenic contamination of Bangladesh paddy field soils: implications for rice contribution to arsenic consumption, Environ. Sci. Technol. 37, 229, 2003.
  • 6. TAHIR S.N.A., JAMIL K., ZAIDI J.H., ARIF M., AHMED N., AHMED S.A., Measurements of activity concentrations of naturally occurring radionuclides in soil samples from Punjab province of Pakistan and assessment of radiological hazards. Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 113, 421, 2005.
  • 7. EML, Procedures Manual, 27th edition, Vol. I, HASL-300, Environmental monitoring laboratory, U. S. department of energy, 376 Hudson street, NY 10014-3621, 1990.
  • 8. World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines for drinking water quality, Geneva, 1993.
  • 9. Pakistan Standards Quality Control Authority (PSQCA), Islamabad, Pakistan, 1997.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-b268287f-d9e0-4739-8929-80a180025d6e
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